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Indigenous Peoples of West Virginia – FamilySearch
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Summary: Articles about Indigenous Peoples of West Virginia – FamilySearch The following list of indigenous people who have lived in West Virginia has been compiled from Hodge’s Handbook of American Indians… and …
Match the search results: The following list of indigenous people who have lived in West Virginia has been compiled from Hodge’s Handbook of American Indians… and from Swanton’s The Indian Tribes of North America.
Summary: Articles about Greenbrier County Two of the boldest massacres committed by Indians in West Virginia’s history took place in Greenbrier County. In June 1763, Cornstalk, a young Shawnee Chief …
Match the search results: Greenbrier County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in October 1777 from parts of Montgomery and Botetourt counties (Virginia). It was named in honor of the principal river that drains through the county. It is considered the mother county of southern West Virginia because the f…
Summary: Articles about Roane County, West Virginia – Wikipedia Roane County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, … county was 98.56% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.21% Native …
Match the search results: On June 20, 1863, at the height of the Civil War, Roane was one of fifty Virginia counties that were admitted to the Union as the state of West Virginia. Later that year, the state’s counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. This proved impract…
Summary: Articles about Protohistory of West Virginia – Wikipedia In the seventeenth century, Native Americans groups had not yet formed the large political “tribes” known from the historical era …
Match the search results: Among the Cornstalk oratory, there is a story of young Kentucky warriors who mistakenly massacrued “Spiritual or Holy People” in southwest Kentucky. This young gang’s trophies were declared not Spanish by the elders upon return to Kentucky counsel. A similar story was told by other Shawnee to the 17…
The “Cliff” of Spencer; Spencer Middle School – Clio
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Summary: Articles about The “Cliff” of Spencer; Spencer Middle School – Clio … was also the first white baby born in Roane County around 1812. … were the first settlers in two separate counties of West Virginia, …
Match the search results: Created by West Carpenter (Instructed by Billy Joe Peyton, WV State University) on May 6th 2015, 5:53:02 pm.
Summary: Articles about History – CITY OF BUCKHANNON The first native settlers in central West Virginia (Braxton, Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer, Lewis, Nicholas, Roane, Upshur, and Webster counties) were the Mound …
Match the search results: West Virginia Wesleyan College was founded in 1890 in downtown Buckhannon by the West Virginia Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Originally known as the West Virginia Conference Seminary, by the time of its first graduating class in 1905 it was called Wesleyan University of West V…
4-H Campers Experience Native American Culture – WVU …
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Summary: Articles about 4-H Campers Experience Native American Culture – WVU … West Virginia 4-H youth experience Eastern Woodland Indian traditions … Kanawha, Mason, Roane and Wayne counties experienced the history, …
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West Virginia University’s Native American Studies Program, West Virginia 4-H
campers learned about Eastern Woodland Indians, the first people to inhabit what
is today the Mountain State. With the state’s American Indian/Alaska Native population
estimated at less t…
The Land and Native People – A History of Tennessee Student …
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Summary: Articles about The Land and Native People – A History of Tennessee Student … In fact, the name “Tennessee” comes from the Native American word “Tanasi. … Stone pipe from Roane County from the Mississippian period.
Match the search results: Tennessee divides naturally into three “grand divisions:” East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and West Tennessee. East Tennessee is an upland, often mountainous region. Middle Tennessee has foothills surrounding a lowland area known as a basin. The land of West Tennessee is part of the Gulf Coastal Pl…
Summary: Articles about Indians – e-WV Their impact on our history was profound. With no resident native population at the time of white settlement, West Virginia now has no federally …
Match the search results: With no resident native population at the time of white settlement, West Virginia now has no federally recognized American Indian tribes or tribal lands. Indians present here today originated elsewhere or descend from people who did, as do all other West Virginians. As a consequence, the state’s sma…
Summary: Articles about Early Settlement of Jackson County, WV Although wholesale settlement was forestalled due to the threat of war with Native Americans, European settlers arrived steadily throughout the eighteenth and …
Match the search results: A 1770 survey of now-Jackson County by George Washington, Dr. James Craik, and Col. Wm. Crawford resulted in land patent claims in 1793, with other land deeded to Albert Gallatin. Although wholesale settlement was forestalled due to the threat of war with Native Americans, European settlers arrived …
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Buckhannon High SchoolBuilt in 1908 and demolished in 1980 to make way for Buckhannon Middle School on College Avenue.
Upshur County was formed by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on March 26, 1851 from portions of Barbour, Lewis and Randolph counties. The county is named in honor of Abel Parker Upshur (1790-1843).
Abel Parker Upshur was born on June 17, 1790 in Northampton County, Virginia. In 1807 he was expelled from the University of New Jersey (Princeton University) for taking part in a student rebellion. He then entered Yale University. He left Yale before graduating and studied law in Richmond with William West. In 1810 he was admitted to the bar in Richmond. He practiced law in Richmond for ten years before returning to Northampton. He was a member of the Virginia General Assembly (1812-1813, 1820-1826), a judge of the Virginia General Court (1826-1841), and a member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention 1829-1830. He was a staunch supporter of states’ rights and a supporter of slavery. He later served as Secretary of the Navy to President John Tyler (1841-1843) and Secretary of State (1843). He was accidentally killed on February 28, 1843 when a cannon aboard the steamer Princeton exploded on the Potomac River near Mount Vernon, Virginia. Thomas Walker Gilmer, Secretary of the Navy and Gilmer County name, was also killed in the blast. President Tyler was present but survived the blast.
The first settlers
The first Indigenous settlers in central West Virginia (Braxton, Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer, Lewis, Nicholas, Roane, Upshur, and Webster counties) were the Mound Builders, also known as Adena. Remains of their civilization have been found throughout northern West Virginia, with many artifacts found in the northern Panhandle, particularly Marshall County.
A more detailed presentation of West Virginia’s first indigenous settlers can be read online. Here is a brief overview of this story:
Several thousand Hurons occupied what is now West Virginia in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
During the 16th century, the Iroquois Confederacy (then made up of the Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, and Seneca tribes) drove the Huron out of the state and used it primarily as a hunting ground.
In the early 1700s, the Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware, and other Native American tribes also used what is now West Virginia as a hunting ground. The Potomac Plateau in West Virginia is home to the Tuscarora. They eventually migrated north to New York and in 1712 became the sixth nation to be officially incorporated into the Iroquois Confederacy. The Cherokee Nation claims southern West Virginia.
In 1744 Virginia officials acquired ownership of the Iroquois for West Virginia in the Treaty of Lancaster.
Delaware, Mingo and Shawnee sided with France in the French and Indian War (1755-1763). The Iroquois Confederacy remained officially neutral, but many of the Iroquois Confederacy allied with France.
With the end of the French and Indian War, King George III feared. of England that further tensions between Native Americans and the settlers were inevitable. In an attempt to prevent further bloodshed, he issued the 1763 proclamation forbidding settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains. The statement was largely ignored.
In the summer of 1763, Chief Ottawa Pontiac conducted raids on key British forts in the Great Lakes region. Sheriff Shawnee Keigh-tugh-qua, also known as Cornstalk, has conducted similar raids on settlements in western Virginia. The rebellions ended on August 6, 1763, when British forces under the command of Colonel Henry Bouquet defeated Delaware and Shawnee forces at Bushy Run in western Pennsylvania.
In 1768 the Iroquois Union (commonly known as the Six Nations) and the Cherokee signed the Confined Labor Treaty and the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, ceding their claim to the area between the Ohio River and the Alleghenies to the British.
In April 1774, the Yellow Creek Massacre took place near Wheeling. Among the dead were the pregnant brother and sister of Mingo chief Logan. The violence then escalated into Lord Dunmore’s War.
On October 10, 1774, Colonel Andrew Lewis and about 800 men defeated 1,200 Indian warriors led by Shawnee Chief Cornstalk at the Battle of Point Pleasant, ending Lord Dunmore’s war.
Mingo and Shawnee allied with the British during the American Revolutionary War (1776-1783). One of the most notable battles took place in 1777 when a group of 350 warriors Wyandot, Shawnee and Mingo, armed by the British, attacked Fort Henry near present-day Wheeling. Almost half of the Americans guarding the fort were killed in the three-day attack. After the fight, Mingo and Shawnee, once again allied with the losing side, returned to their home in Ohio. As the number of settlers in the area increased, both the Mingo and Shawnees moved further inland, leaving western Virginia to the white settlers.
European Pioneers and Settlers of Upshur.County
Samuel and John Pringle were the first Englishmen to enter what is now Upshur County. They defected from Fort Pitt, Pittsburgh, in 1761 and arrived in what is now Upshur County in 1762, in the final days of the French and Indian War. They lived in the county, not far from what is now Buckhannon, on the Buckhannon River for about three years. Oral histories show that they lived for some time in the sacred stump of a giant fig tree. When their supply of ammunition was almost exhausted, John Pringle returned to the settlement of South Branch River around 1765 to get supplies. He returned to Upshur County to share the good news with his brother. They then moved back to the South Tributary settlements. In 1769, Samuel Pringle, his wife Charity (Cutright) Pringle, and several other families moved back to the Buckhannon area. Among the new settlers were John and Elizabeth Jackson and their sons George and Edward Jackson, Thomas Hughes and John Cutright.
Major Events in Upshur County in the 1700s and 1800s
The first school in what is now Upshur County was founded in 1779. Mr. Haddox taught in a long, primitive log cabin two miles south of present-day Buckhannon. He is paid $16 a month and provides free housing.
When Harrison County was incorporated in 1784, it included what is now Upshur County. The first trial in Harrison County Court took place at George Jackson’s home near present-day Buckhannon.
On September 3, 1804, John Jackson was appointed first postmaster of the county’s first post office at Buckhannon.
Although there was some support for the Confederate cause in the county, including the formation of the Upshur Grays, most residents of the county sided with the Confederacy during the Civil War. During June and July 1861, Buckhannon became a major concentration area for the Union Army as they prepared for the important Battle of Philippi on June 3, 1861 in Barbour County, and in the troop cut the Union Army’s line of retreat, followed by their defeat at Philippi. At any point during that summer, several thousand Confederate troops were camped in and around Buckhannon.
For most of the war, the Union Army maintained control of central West Virginia. However, during the war there were many skirmishes in the area. For example, in August and September 1862, approximately 550 Confederate troops commanded by General Albert G. Jenkins marched through central West Virginia, taking several hundred live prisoners, destroying Union supplies, and destroying public records. On August 30, 1862, his forces attacked some 200 Union troops led by Captain Marsh on the outskirts of Buckhannon. Confederate forces were scattered (more than a dozen Confederate soldiers were killed in the battle and about 20 others were captured). Captain Marsh was among the prisoners. Then the Confederates entered the city and, according to General Jenkins’ diary, destroyed everything of value. The next day, Confederate troops left town and made their way to Weston. Union troops also recaptured the city on April 28, 1863.
West Virginia Wesleyan College was founded in downtown Buckhannon in 1890 by the West Virginia Annual Convention of the Methodist Church. Originally known as the West Virginia Conference Seminary, it was known as West Virginia’s Wesleyan University by the time its first class graduated in 1905. The name was changed to West Virginia Wesleyan College in 1906.
County Chair of Upshur
Buckhannon was incorporated by the Virginia General Assembly on January 15, 1816. At the time, the estate was owned by Robert Patton, Jr. He purchased the land from Elizabeth Cummins Jackson for $3,000 in 1809. Joseph Davis, Jacob Lorentz, Phillip Reger, John Jackson, Jr., John Reger, Benjamin Reeder, and John McWhorter were appointed city trustees. A few years later Mr. Patton sold his land to Joseph Ward, who assigned it in 1821 to Daniel Farnsworth, who had come to Buckhannon from Staten Island, New York. In 1822 he built the first new house in the city after its founding.
There is disagreement about the origin of the city name. Most accounts indicate that the town was named after a Delaware Indian chief named Buck-on-ge-ha-non, who used to hunt in the area. Other accounts suggest it was named after the Buckhannon River, named after John Buchannon, a missionary who explored the area in the 1780s.
The first Upshur County courthouse session was held on June 17, 1851 at the home of Andrew Poundstone in Buckhannon. Adam Spitler, Simon Rohrbough, George Bastable, James T. Hardman, Jacob Lorentz, Daniel Bennett, K. Hopkins, George Clark and John W. Marple served as justices of the peace. Mifflin Lorentz was elected secretary and John Reger was recommended to the governor for appointment as county sheriff. Stewart Bennett was selected as Revenue Commissioner.
See also Pages in time – Downtown Historic District.
Brooks, Morgan M. 1934. Pioneers settle in the Buckhannon Valley. Master thesis. West Virginia Wesleyan College. Buckhannon, West Virginia.
Sure enough William Bernard. 1977. History of Upshur County, West Virginia: From Its Earliest Exploration and Settlement to the Present Day. Parsons, West Virginia: McClain Printing Company (referred to as Pub. 1907).
Gilchrist, joy. 2003. “The Pringle Brothers and the Sycamore Tree.” article on the internet. Accessed at: http://www.hackerscreek.com/pringle.htm.
Hardesty, HH 1883. Hardesty’s History and Geographical Encyclopedia: Special History of the Virginias. NY: H.H. Hardesty and Company Publishers.
Excerpt, “Upshur County, West Virginia.” Accessed online at: http://www.conjure.com/GENE/FARNS/hardesty.html. Website maintained by Rowan Fairgrove.
Hörbeck, Betty. 1967. Upshur Brothers of the Blue and the Gray. Parsons, WV: McClain Printers.
Phillips, Brad. 1984. History of Atlas, West Virginia and Vicinity: Upshur County, 1700s to 1984. Parsons, West Virginia: McClain Printing Company.
Tenney, Noel, Editors. 1993. An Introduction to Upshur County: A Reference and Guide to Published and Unpublished Materials on Upshur County, West Virginia. Buckhannon, West Virginia: Upshur County Historical Society.
Author: Dr. Robert Jay Dilger, Director, Institute of Public Affairs and Professor of Political Science, West Virginia University.
Video tutorials about roane west virginia native americans historic
The English settlement at Jamestown in 1609 did not occur on abandoned land. The area now known as Virginia had for generations supported a large and diverse number of Native American peoples. Ultimately removed from their native lands, the legacy of Native American groups still exist in place names that we continue to use today.
Join local historians for a brief overview history of Prince William County before European colonization. Bill Backus, of the Prince William Historic Society, will be presenting on this topic.