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Map of Alaska State, USA – Nations Online Project

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  • Summary: Articles about Map of Alaska State, USA – Nations Online Project The map shows the US state of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands with maritime … Peninsula of Russia) from North America (the Seward Peninsula of Alaska).

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Map of Russian America or Alaska Territory. – Library of …

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  • Summary: Articles about Map of Russian America or Alaska Territory. – Library of … Map of Russian America or Alaska Territory. Contributor Names: Lewis, J. F.; Created / Published: [S.l.], 1867. Subject Headings: – Alaska–Maps: – United …

  • Match the search results: Lewis, J. F. (1862) Map of Russian America or Alaska Territory. [S.l] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

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Alaska Map Canada Russia –

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Russia Alaska Map | Etsy

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  • Summary: Articles about Russia Alaska Map | Etsy Check out our russia alaska map selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Some items qualify for FREE shipping.

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How close is Alaska to Russia? – Alaska Public Lands …

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  • Summary: Articles about How close is Alaska to Russia? – Alaska Public Lands … The narrowest distance between mainland Russia and mainland Alaska is approximately 55 miles. However, in the body of water between Alaska and Russia, …

  • Match the search results: The narrowest distance between mainland Russia and mainland Alaska is approximately 55 miles. However, in the body of water between Alaska and Russia, known as the Bering Strait, there lies two small islands known as Big Diomede and Little Diomede. Interestingly enough, Big Diomede is owned by Russi…

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Alaska Russia Map Illustrations & Vectors –

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Alaska – Wikipedia

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  • Summary: Articles about Alaska – Wikipedia Alaska is a state located in the Western United States on the northwest extremity of North … The Russians never fully colonized Alaska, and the colony was never very …

  • Match the search results: Between 1774 and 1800, Spain sent several expeditions to Alaska to assert its claim over the Pacific Northwest. In 1789, a Spanish settlement and fort were built in Nootka Sound. These expeditions gave names to places such as Valdez, Bucareli Sound, and Cordova. Later, the Russian-American Company c…

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Map of the Territory of Alaska (Russian America) Ceded by …

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  • Summary: Articles about Map of the Territory of Alaska (Russian America) Ceded by … Map of the Territory of Alaska (Russian America) Ceded by Russia to the United States. Publication Place / Date. Philadelphia / 1873. Image Dimensions.

  • Match the search results: Highly detailed map of Alaska, with excellent detail n the Aleutians and along the coastline, but demonstrating the sparse populations and knowledge of the interior. Still notes Russian Villages and other early features. From one of the leading American map publisher of the 1870s. Includes Soundings…

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Map of Alaska and Bering Sea – Geographic Guide

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  • Summary: Articles about Map of Alaska and Bering Sea – Geographic Guide It is separated from Asia by the 82-km wide Bering Strait. Alaska was bought from Russia in 1867. Juneau is the capital and Anchorage is the largest city. In …

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Map of the bering strait between russia and alaska vector …

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Bering Strait Map Stock Photos and Images – Alamy

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Multi-read content map of alaska and russia

Alaska (disambiguation)Alaska (disambiguation)

Alax̂sxax̂ (Aleut) Alaasikaq (Inupiaq) Alaskaq (Central Yupik) Anáaski (Tlingit) Alas’kaaq (Alutiiq)
State of Alaska
Nickname: The Last Frontier
Motto: North to the future
Anthem: Flag of Alaska
Map of the United States with Alaska highlighted
nation United States of America
Before becoming a state Territory of Alaska
Admission to the Alliance January 3, 1959 (49th)
capital city Juneau
Biggest town Anchorage
The largest metro and urban areas Anchorage
• Governor Mike Dunleavy (R)
• Central Governor Kevin Meyer (R)
legislative branch Alaska Legislature
• The Senate senate
• House of Commons lower house
judicial authorities The Alaskan Supreme Court
US Senator Lisa Murkowski (R)
Dan Sullivan (R)
US House of Representatives delegation Free (list)
• All in all 663,268 square miles (1,717,856 km2)
• Country 571,951 square miles (1,481,346 km2)
• Country 91,316 square miles (236,507 km2) 13.77%
• Grant day 1
• Length 1,420 miles (2,285 km)
• Broad 3,639 km
Height 580 m (1,900 ft)
Highest Elevation (Denali [1]) 6,190.5 m (20,310 ft)
Lowest Altitude 0 feet (0 m)
Population (2020 [3])
• All in all 736,081
• Grant 48
• Density 1.26 ⁄ sq mi (0.49 ⁄ km2)
• Grant 50
• Average household income $73,181[2]
• Evaluation of results 12
demonym Alaska
• Official language Ahtna, Alutiiq, Dena’ina, Deg Xinag, English, Eyak, Gwich’in, Haida, Hän, Holikachuk, Inupiaq, Koyukon, Lower Tanana, St. Lawrence Island Yupik, Tanacross, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Unangax̂, Upper Kuskokwim, Upper Tanana, Yup’ik
• Spoken language English 86.3%
Alaska native language 5.2%
Tagalog 3.4%
Spanish 2.9%
Other 2.2%
time zone
East 169° 30′ UTC – 09:00 (Alaska)
• Summer (DST) UTC-08:00 (ADT)
west 169° 30′ UTC-10:00 (Hawaii-Aleutian Islands)
• Summer (DST) UTC – 09:00 (HADT)
Abbreviation USPS AK
ISO code 3166 US AK
Broad 51° 20’N to 71° 50’N
longitude 130°W to 172°E
Alaska State Coat of Arms
Flag of Alaska
life badge
Bird willow grouse
dog breed Alaskan Malamute
Fish king salmon
flower Please do not forget me
insect Four-spotted windsurfing dragonfly
mammal Land: MooseNavy: Bowhead Whale
tree Sitka spruce
sign of ignorance
fossil Woolly mammoth
gem jade
mineral Yellow
Miscellaneous The brooding dog (state sport)
State route marker
Precious condition
Released in 2008
List of US state symbols

Alaska(/əˈlæskə/ (listen);Aleutian Islands:Alax̂sxax̂;Inupiaq:Alaasikaq;aluminum bag:Ah’kaaq;Yup’ik:Alaskaq;[4] Tlingit:Anaski) Is astatuslocated inAmerican westin the extreme northwest ofNorth America. Ahalf disclosedof the United States, it bordersProvince of CanadaofBritish Columbiaand the area ofYukonto the east and divide asea ​​borderWithRussia’SChukotka Autonomous Okrugwest, right over thereBering Strait. In the north isChukchiandBeaufortsea ​​ofArctic Ocean, duringPacificlocated in the south and southwest.

Alaska is so farThe largest state in the United States of Americaby area, including more area than the next largest three states (Texas,California, andMontana) combine. It represented forseventh largest sub-national division in the world. That isthe third couple of peopleandthe most sparsely populated, but by far the most populous area of ​​the continent is mainly north ofLatitude 60, with a 2020 population of 736,081 – more than four times the total population ofNorthern CanadaandGreenland.[3]About half of Alaskans live inMetropolitan area of ​​Anchorage. state capital ofJuneauis monday-largest city in the United States by area, which covers more territories than the states ofRhode IslandandDelaware. The former capital of Alaska,sitka, is the largest city by area in the United States.

Alaska has been home to many different indigenous peoples for thousands of years now; It is believed that this area isEntry point for initial processingofNorth AmericafromBering earth bridge. ThatRussian EmpireBe the first to take the initiativecolonizationThis area started in the 18th century and was eventually establishedRussia America, which encompasses most of the current state. The expense and difficulty of maintaining this distant property has led to itsell it in the United States1867 forUS Dollar$7.2 million ($140 million in 2021) or about two cents per acre ($4.74/km)2). The area underwent several administrative changes before being organized asAreaon May 11, 1912. On January 3, 1959, it was recognized as the 49th state of the United States.[5]

Despite having one of the smallest state economies in the country, Alaska’sPer capita income is among the highest, due to a diversified economy powered by fishing, natural gas andoil, all have a lot.United States Armed Forcesbase andto travelis also an important partso economical; More than half of the state is federally owned public lands, including countlessnational forest,national parks, andwildlife sanctuary.

Thatnative peopleAlaska has the highest rate of any US state at over 15 percent.[6]Nearly two dozen indigenous languages ​​are spoken, and Alaska Natives exert significant influence on local and state politics.

  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 story
  • 2.1 Pre-colonization
    2.2 Colonization
    2.3 Alaska is an incorporated territory of the United States of America
    2.4 Condition
    2.5 Earthquake on Good Friday
    2.6 Alaska’s oil boom
  • 3 geography
  • 3.1 Area

    3.1.1 South Central Coast
    3.1.2 Southeast Region
    3.1.3 Furniture
    3.1.4 Southwest
    3.1.5 North Slope
    3.1.6 Aleutian Islands

    3.2 Land Ownership Rights
    3.3 Alaska Heritage Resource Survey
    3.4 Cities, Municipalities and Counties

    3.4.1 Census designated cities and towns (by population)

    3.5 Climate

  • 4 demographics
  • 4.1 Race and Ethnicity
    4.2 Languages
    4.3 Religion
  • 5 economies
  • 5.1 Energy

    5.1.1 Perpetual Fund

    5.2 Cost of Living
    5.3 Agriculture and Fisheries

  • 6 culture
  • 6.1 Music
    6.2 Alaska in Film and TV
    6.3 Sports
  • 7 Public Health and Safety
  • 8 education
  • 9 Transportation
  • 9.1 Sugar
    9.2 Rails
    9.3 Sea Transportation
    9.4 Air Freight
    9.5 Other means of transport
    9.6 Transport data
  • 10 Law and Government
  • 10.1 State Government
    10.2 State Policy
    10.3 Voter Registration
    10.4 Taxes
    10.5 Federal Policy
    10.6 Elections
  • 11 See more
  • 12 notes
  • 13 references
  • 14 External links
  • 14.1 United States Federal Government
    14.2 Alaska State Government


Name “Alaska” (Russian:a ,p. Aliaska) introducedRussian colonial erawhen used to refer to itAlaska Peninsula. It derives from aAleutian language Expression, “alaxsxaq”, meaning “land” or more literally “the object on which the action of the sea is directed”.[7][8th][9]It is also known as “Alyeska”, “the great land”, an Aleutian word derived from the same root.


Alaska’s historyHistory of Alaska


Alaska Natives

aluminum bag

Many indigenous peoples occupied Alaska thousands of years before Europeans came to the area. Language and DNA studies carried out here provided evidence of North American settlementBering earth bridge.[ten]InLocation Upward Sun RiverInsideTanana ValleyThe remains of a six-week-old baby have been found in Alaska. The child’s DNA shows that he belongs to a population genetically distinct from other Indigenous groups living elsewhere in the United StatesNew worldAt the endPleistocene. ben potter,University of Alaska FairbanksArchaeologists excavated remains at the Upward Sun River site in 2013 and named this new groupAncient Beringians.[11]

ThatTlingit allDevelopment of a society with amatriarchyKinship system of inheritance and ancestry in present-day Southeast Alaska, along with parts of British Columbia and the Yukon. Also in the southeast ishaida, now famous for its unique art. ThatTsimshianwho came to Alaska from British Columbia in 1887 as PresidentGrover Clevelandand then the United States Congress, which gave them the power to settleAnnette Inseland found the cityMetlakatla. All of these three, as well as the othersindigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, ExperiencedsmallpoxEruption in the late 18th century to the mid-19th century with the most devastating proportionsillnessoccurred in the 1830s and 1860s, causing high mortality and social unrest.[Twelfth]

The Aleutians are still homeThe Aleutiansof the Seafaring Society, although they were the first Alaskan Natives to be exploited by the Russians. West and Southwest Alaska is home toYup’ik, while their cousinsAlutiiq ~ Sugpiaqlived in present-day Southcentral Alaska. ThatThe Gwich’inof the northern interiorAthabaskanand are now mainly known for their reliance on reindeerArctic National Wildlife Refuge. north slope uSmall Diomede Islandoccupied by spaciousnessThe Inupiat.


Russia AmericaDepartment of AlaskaAlaska CountyFairbanks Gold RushKobuk Stampede RiverName gold rush

The city of KodiakKodiak Island

Chilkoot trailKlondike Gold Rush

Some researchers believe that the first Russian settlement in Alaska was established in the 17th century.[13]According to this hypothesis, 1648 were somecookofSemyon DezhnevThe storm’s expedition reached the coast of Alaska and established this settlement. This theory is based on the testimony ofChukchiThe geographer Nikolai Daurkin, who visited Alaska in 1764–1765 and reported a village on the Kheuveren River inhabited by “bearded men” who “prayed”.symbolSome modern researchers associate Kheuveren withKoyuk River.[14]

The first European ship to arrive in Alaska is often credited as theSaint Gabrielunder the supervision of the surveyorM.S. Gvozdevand navigation assistantI. Fyodorovon August 21, 1732 during the Siberian Cossack expedition A.F. Shestakov and Russian explorerDmitri Pavlutsky(1729-1735).[15]Another European contact with Alaska occurred in 1741Veit Beringintroduceexplorationfor the Russian Navy on boardSaint Peter. After his crew returned to Russiasea ​​otterFurs are considered the best furs in the world, small fur trade associations began to travel from the coast of Siberia to the Aleutian Islands. The first permanent European settlement was established in 1784.

From 1774 to 1800,Spainsend somethingExpeditions to Alaskato assert his claim to the Pacific Northwest. 1789 a Spanish settlement andfortressbuilt-inTon Nootka. These expeditions named places likeValdez,Audio Bucareli, andCordova. Later,Russian-American companycarried out an extensive colonial program in the early to mid-19th century.sitka, name changedNew Archangelfrom 1804 to 1867, inBaranof IslandInsideAlexander Islandswhat’s now?Southeast Alaska, became the capital ofRussia America. It remained the capital after the colony was moved to the United States. The Russians never fully occupied Alaska, and the colony was never very profitable. Evidence of Russian settlement in name and church is found throughout Southeast Alaska.

William H Seward, 24Secretary of State of the United States of America, negotiateBuy Alaska(aka Seward’s Folly) with the Russians in 1867 for $7.2 million. Contemporary rulers of Russiatsar Alexander II, thatEmperor of the Russian Empire,King of PolandandGrand Duke of Finland, also have planned sales;[16]The sale took place on March 30, 1867. Six months later, the trustees arrived in Sitka and a formal transfer was arranged. The official flag-raising ceremony took place on October 18, 1867 at Fort Sitka. During the ceremony, 250 uniformed American soldiers marched to the Governor’s House in “Castle Hill” where the Russians lowered the Russian flag and raised the US flag. This event is organized asAlaska day, a public holiday on October 18.

Alaska was originally loosely administered by the military and administered as oneCirclebegan in 1884 with a governor appointed by the President of the United States. A bandagedistrict courtHeadquarters in Sitka. For most of Alaska’s first decade under the US flag, Sitka was the only community inhabited by American settlers. They organized a “provisional local government” which was Alaska’s first local government, but not in the legal sense.[17]The law allows Alaskan communities to legally incorporate as cities that did not arise until the 1900s, andhouse rulesfor cities was extremely limited or unavailable until statehood came into force in 1959.

Alaska is an incorporated territory of the United States

Organic Actions List of organic behaviorsTerritory of Alaska

Beginning in the 1890s and in some places through the early 1910s, gold flowed into Alaska and surrounding areas.Yukon Territorybrought thousands of miners and settlers to Alaska. Alaska was officially incorporated as an organized territory in 1912. The capital of Alaska, once theresitkamoved north by 1906Juneau. To buildAlaska Governor’s Palacestarted the same year. European immigrants from Norway and Sweden also settled in southeast Alaska, where they worked in the fishing and logging industries.

Battle of Attu

During the Second World War,Campaign of the Aleutiansfocus onAttu,agattuandKiska, all occupied byEmpire of Japan.[18]One white American civilian and two during Japanese occupationUnited States NavyStaff were killed at Attu and Kiska respectively, and a total of 50 Aleutian civilians and eight seamen were interned in Japan. About half of the Aleutians died in captivity.[19] Unalaska/Dutch portandAdakhas become an important basisUnited States Army,United States Army Air Defense ForcesandUnited States Navy. United States of AmericaLend leasethe program consisted of flying American warplanes via Canada to Fairbanks and then to Nome; Soviet pilots owned these planes and flew them against the German invasionSoviet Union. The construction of military bases has contributed to the population growth of several Alaskan cities.


Alaska State LawAdmission to the allianceList of states of the United States by date of accession to the Union

The founding of Alaska was an important cause forJames Wickershamat the beginning of his term as MP. Decades later, the statehood movement got its first real boost after a territorial referendum in 1946. The Alaska State Commission and the Constitutional Convention of Alaska would soon follow. Supporters of the state organization also find themselves facing major battles with political enemies, primarily in the US Congress but also in Alaska. Statehood was approved by the United States Congress on July 7, 1958; Alaska officially became a state on January 3, 1959.

Earthquake on Good Friday

The 1964 Alaska earthquake

On March 27, 1964,Earthquake on Good Friday133 people killed and several villages and parts of large coastal communities destroyed, mainly as a resulttsunamiand landslides. That issecond strongest earthquakein recorded history, with atemporal magnitudeis 9.2 (a thousand times stronger thanThe 1989 San Francisco earthquake).[20]Time of day (5:36 p.m.), season (spring), and location fromepicenterall factors considered in potentially saving thousands of lives, particularly in Anchorage.

Alaska’s Oil Boom

The discovery of oil in 1968 inPrudhoe Bayand the completion of 1977Trans-Alaska Pipeline Systemled to the oil boom. From the 1980s, oil license fees financed large national budgets.

Not coincidentally, Alaska abolished the state income tax that same year.[citation required]

1989,Exxon Valdeztouch a reefPrince William Sound,spillmore than 11 million US gallons (42ndpowerful man) crude oil over 1,800 km of coastline. Today, the battle between development and conservation philosophies is evident in the controversy surrounding oil drilling in the South China Sea.Arctic National Wildlife Refugeand proposecobblestone.


geography of Alaska

Located in the northwest corner ofNorth AmericaAlaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States, but it also has the easternmost longitude in the United States becauseAleutian Islandsexpand intoeastern hemisphere.[21]Alaska isn’t the only typecoherentState of the United States of America on the North American continent; about 500 miles (800 km).British Columbia(Canada) separates AlaskaWashington. Technically it is part of itcontinental United States, but is sometimes not used colloquially; Alaska is not one of themcontiguous to the United States, named”the lower 48″. Capital city,Juneau, which is on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system.

State bordering CanadaYukonandBritish Columbiato the east (making it the only contiguous stateCanadian Territory); thatGulf of Alaskaand the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest; thatBering Sea,Bering Strait, andChukchi Seain the West; and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Alaska’s territorial waters touch Russia’s territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as do the RussiansGreat Diomede Islandand AlaskaSmall Diomede Islandonly 3 miles (4.8 km) apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all other US states combined.[22]

48 contiguous statesAlbers: Conic projection with equal area

At 663,268 square miles (1,717,856 km.)2) Alaska is by far the largest state in the United States by area and more than twice the size of the second largest US state,Texas. Alaska is Saturdaylargest sub-national division in the world, and if it were an independent country, it would be the 16th largest country in the world because it is largerIran.

With numerous islands, Alaska has almost 34,000 miles (55,000 km) of tidal coastline. The Aleutian chain of islands stretches west from the southern tipAlaska Peninsula. Many activitiesvolcanofound in the Aleutian and coastal regions.Unimak Island, for example, is the hometown ofMount Shishaldin, is an occasionally smoldering volcano rising 3,000 m (3,000 ft) above the North Pacific. The chain of volcanoes extends toMount Spurr, west of Anchorage on the mainland. Geologists have identified Alaska as part ofWrangellia, a large area encompassing many Canadian states and provincesPacific Northwest, goes through activelycontinent building.

One of the world’s greatest tides occurs inTurnagain’s arm, south of Anchorage, where the tidal range can be more than 10.7 m.[23]

Alaska has more than three million lakes.[24] swampand wetlandspermanent icecovers 188,320 square miles (487,700 km.)2) (mainly in the northern, western and southwestern plains). Glacial ice covers approximately 28,957 square miles (75,000 km²).2) of Alaska.[25]ThatBering GlacierIt is the largest glacier in North America, covering an area of ​​2,008 square miles (5,200 km.).2) alone.[26]


There is no officially defined boundary separating the different regions of Alaska, but there are six that are generally accepted:

south central

South-Central Alaska

Alaska’s most populous region, hasAnchorage, thatMatanuska-Susitna ValleyandKenai Peninsula. Rural, mostly uninhabited areas south ofAlaskan chainand west ofWrangell Mountainsalso in the definition of the South Central Coast, as wellPrince William SoundRegions and Municipalities ofCordobaandValdez.[27]

South East

Southeast Alaska

Also known as Panhandle orInner passage, the region of Alaska closest to the contiguous states. Therefore, in the years that followed, most of the early non-indigenous settlements took place here.Buy Alaska. This area is dominated byAlexander IslandsasTongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the capital of the stateJuneau, the old capitalsitka, andketchikan, was once Alaska’s largest city.[28]ThatAlaska Marine Highwayprovides a vital ground transportation link throughout the region and across the country as there are only three municipalities (haines,hyderandSkagway) enjoy a direct connection to the North American contiguous road network.[29]


Alaskan furniture


Inland is Alaska’s largest region; Much of it is uninhabited wilderness.Fairbanksis the only major city in the region.Denali National Park and Preserveplaced here.Denali, formerly Mount McKinley, is the tallest mountain in North America and is also located here.


Southwest Alaska

Southwest Alaska is a sparsely populated area that extends about 800 km inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the coast.Kodiak Islandalso located in the southwest. High volumeYukon Plains – Kuskokwim, one of the largest river deltas in the world, is here. parts ofAlaska Peninsulaconsidered part of the Southwest, the remainder comprising the Aleutian Islands (see below).

north slope

North Alaska Slope

The north slope is mainlytundradotted with small villages. The area is known for its vast reserves of crude oil and containsNational Petroleum Reserve – AlaskaandPrudhoe Bay Oil Field.[30]city ​​ofUtqiaġvik, formerly known as Barrow, is the northernmost city in the United States and is located here. ThatNorthwest Arctic Region, anchored byKoetzebueand also containsKobuk RiverValley commonly considered part of this region. However, theInupiatethe North Slope and Western Arctic rarely see themselves as individuals.[thirty-one]

Aleutian Islands

International Date LineAmerica buys Alaska180. MeridianAmatignacSemisopochnoiAleutian Islands

More than 300 small volcanic islands make up this chain, which stretches more than 1,900 km into the Pacific Ocean. However, some of these islands are located in the Eastern HemisphereInternational Date Linepulled west180°to hold the entire state, and therefore the entire North American continent, on the same legal day. two of the islands,AttuandKiska, was occupied by the Japanese during World War II.

land ownership

According to an October 1998 report byUnited States Bureau of Land Administration, about 65% owned and managed by Alaskafederal government of the United Statesis public land, consisting of innumerablenational forest, national parks andNational Wildlife Refuge.[32]Of these,Office of Land Managementmanages 87 million acres (35 million hectares), 23.8% of the state’s area. ThatArctic National Wildlife Refugemanaged byUnited States Fish and Wildlife Service. It is the world’s largest nature reserve, covering an area of ​​6.5 million hectares.

Of the remaining land, the state of Alaska owns 101 million acres (41 million hectares), its interest inAlaska State Law. A portion of this area is sometimes ceded to the organized counties described above, in accordance with statutory provisions relating to newly formed counties. Smaller sections are devoted to rural subdivisions and other housing-related opportunities. These places are not very popular as the locations are often remote and roadless. ThatUniversity of Alaska, as aLand Grant University, also owns a considerable territory which it manages independently.

Another 44 million acres (18 million hectares) are owned by 12 estates and many Indigenous and local businesses established under the nameAlaska Native Complaints Act(ANCSA) in 1971.Local business in the area Doyon, limitedoften advertises in advertisements and other media as the largest private landowner in Alaska. ANCSA regulations, which allowed companies to sell land on the open market from 1991, were repealed before they came into effect. In fact, corporations own property (in many cases including surface rights, a privilege denied to individuals in Alaska) but cannot sell the land.Individual allocationhowever, they can be sold on the open market.

Various private interests own the rest of the land, which makes up about 1 percent of the state. Alaska has by far the lowest percentage of private land ownership when excluding Indigenous business ownership.

Alaska Heritage Resource Survey

The Alaska Heritage Resource Survey (AHRS) is oneinventoryfrom all reportedhistoricalandprehistoriclocations in the US state of Alaska; it is maintained by the Department of History and Archaeology. The cultural property inventory of the survey includes objects, structures, buildings, places, quarters and means of transport, provided that they are more than fifty years old. As of January 31, 2012[To update], more than 35,000 websites were reported.[33]

cities, municipalities and counties


FairbanksAlaska’s heart

Juneauits capital

BelikovDisorganized arearural Alaska

Homerhis airportspit

UtqiaġvikJust Hopson

CordovaKennecott minesDong River and Northwest Railway

TalkeetnaList of cities in Alaska by populationLocations in Alaska by Per Capita IncomeList of counties and census districts in Alaska

Alaska is not subdividedcounties, like most other states in the United States, but it is divided intoCircle.[34]representative forAlaska Constitutional ConventionWanting to avoid the pitfalls of the traditional county system, he adopted his own unique model.[35]Many of the more populated areas of the state are part of Alaska’s 16 counties, which function similarly to counties in other states. However, unlike the corresponding counties in the other 49 states, counties do not cover the entire land area of ​​the state. An area that does not belong to any county is namedDisorganized area.

The unorganized sector does not have its own government, howeverU.S. Census Bureauwith the cooperation of the state, the unorganized area was divided into 11census areafor statistical analysis and presentation purposes only. Awrite districtis a management mechanismpublic profilein Alaska. The canton is divided into 34 centrally administered districts under a cantonrecorder. All recording areas use the same acceptance criteria, fee schedules, etc. to place materials on the public record.

While many U.S. states use a three-level hierarchy—state/county/city—most Alaskans use only two—state/county. Due to the low population density, most of the land area is inDisorganized area. As the name suggests, it has no intermediary county administration but is administered directly by the state government. In 2000, 57.71% of Alaskans had the condition, along with 13.05% of the general population.[36]

Anchorage merged with Greater Anchorage in 1975 to form the community of Anchorage, which includes the city and communities of Eagle River, Chugiak, Peters Creek, Girdwood, Bird, and Indian. Fairbanks has a separate county (Fairbanks North Star Borough) and urban (City of Fairbanks).

The most populous city in the state isAnchorage, which will be inhabited by 291,247 people in 2020.[37]The richestLocation in Alaska by Per Capita IncomeTo beDenali($42,245).City of Yakutat, Sitka, Juneau and Anchorage are fourLargest cities in the United States by region.

Census designated cities and towns (by population)

As reflected in itUS Census 2020, Alaska has a total of 355 incorporated cities andCensus-designated place(CDP).[38]The list of cities consists of four unitary autonomous cities, essentially corresponding to a single oneCity-County Association. The majority of these communities in rural Alaska are known as “bush”and is not connected to the contiguous road network of North America. The table at the end of this section lists the 100 largest cities and census-designated places in Alaska in order of population.

In Alaska’s 2020 U.S. Census data of 733,391, 16,655 people, or 2.27% of the population, do not live in an incorporated city or census-designated place.[37]About three quarters of them live in urban and suburban neighborhoods on the outskirts of Ketchikan, Kodiak, Palmer and Wasilla. No CDPs have been established for these areas by the United States Census Bureau, with the exception of seven CDPs established for the Ketchikan neighborhood of the United States1980 census(Clover Pass, Herring Bay, East Ketchikan, Peak, NorthTongass Expressway,Pennock IslandandSaxmanEast), but has not been used since. The rest of the population is scattered throughout Alaska, both in organized counties and in the unorganized zone, in outlying areas.

community name
Year 2020 pop. [37]




Knik Fairview



Northern Lakes

meadow lakes







Steele Creek


Chena Ridge



entrance gate



Southern Lakes



pawn loop




mill bay

first thirty

big Lake

Not me


gold stream



farm loop


Eielson AFB





Fritz Bach

forty six
North Pole





community name
2020 pop.

anchor point


Point MacKenzie

Kodiak station



Susitna North

Rotten Mountain



sixty one
Hooper Bay

diamond burr

Prudhoe Bay



weird river



Sutton Alpine


Buffalo Soapstone





Delta Crossing



hope points





River Knik



eighty seven
kings bay


female bay


happy valley


ninety three

ninety four

Toksook Bay




Two Rivers

fox river


Alaska’s climate


The climate in southern and southeastern Alaska is mid-latitudemarine climate(Climate classification according to Köppen:cfb) and subarctic-oceanic climate (KöppenSee) in the northern regions. On an annual basis, Southeast Alaska is the wettest and warmest, with milder winter temperatures and high rainfall year-round. Juneau has an average rainfall of over 130 cm (50 inches) per year andketchikanaveraging over 380 cm (150 in).[40]It is also the only area in Alaska with average daily highs above freezing during the winter months.

Köppen climate types

The climate ofAnchorageand south-central Alaska are temperate by Alaskan standards due to the area’s proximity to the coast. Although the area rains less than southeast Alaska, it snows more and days tend to be clearer. Middle,Anchoragereceives 16 inches (41 cm) of rainfall per year, with about 75 inches (190 cm) of snow, although there are south-central areas that receive more. It is a subarctic climate (Köppen: Dfc) due to its cool, short summers.

The climate ofwestern Alaskais largely determined byBering SeaandGulf of Alaska. These are subarctic oceanic climates in the southwest and continental subarctic climates further north. The temperature is somewhat moderate considering how far north the area is. This area has variable rainfall. An area that stretches from north to the Seward PeninsulaKobuk RiverValley (i.e. the surroundingsKotzebue sound) is technically aDesert, with sections receiving less than 25 cm of rainfall annually. On the other hand some positions in betweenDillinghamandBelikovAverage rainfall is about 250 inches (250 cm).[41]

The climate in Alaska is subarctic. Some of Alaska’s highest and lowest temperatures occur nearFairbanks. Summer temperatures can reach as high as 90°F (low to mid 30°C), while winter temperatures can drop below -60°F (-51°C). Inland rainfall is sparse, typically less than 25 cm per year, but winter rainfall persists throughout the winter.

The highest and lowest temperatures recorded in Alaska are both inland. The highest is 100°F (38°C).Yukon Fortress(only 8 miles or 13 km inside the Arctic) on June 27, 1915,[42][43]Alaska is associated with Hawaii as the state with the lowest maximum temperatures in the United States.[44][45]Alaska’s lowest official temperature is −62 °C (−80 °F).lookout streamon January 23, 1971,[42][43]one degree higher than the lowest recorded temperature on the North American continent (atHook, Yukon, Canada).[forty six]

The climate of northernmost Alaska isNorth Pole(Koppen: ET) with long, very cold winters and short, cool summers. Also in July, the average low temperature is inUtqiaġvikis 1 °C (34 °F).[47]Rainfall is light in this part of Alaska, with many averaging less than 10 inches per year, with snow lying on the ground most of the year.

location July (°F) July (°C) January (°F) January (°C)
Anchorage 65/51 18/10 22.11 −5 / −11
Juneau 64/50 11/17 32/23 0 / −4
ketchikan 64/51 11/17 38/28 3/-1
Unalaska 57/46 14/8 36/28 2/−2
Fairbanks 72/53 22.11 1/−17 −17 / −27
Yukon Fortress 73/51 23.10 −11 / −27 −23 / −33
Not me 58/46 14/8 13/−2 −10 / −19
Utqiaġvik 47/34 01.08 −7 / −19 −21 / −28


Alaska demographics

historical population
census Pop music. % ±
1880 33,426
1890 32,052 −4.1%
1900 63,592 98.4%
1910 64,356 1.2%
1920 55,036 −14.5%
1930 59,278 7.7%
1940 72,524 22.3%
1950 128,643 77.4%
1960 226,167 75.8%
1970 300,382 32.8%
1980 401,851 33.8%
1990 550,043 36.9%
2000 626,932 14.0%
2010 710.231 13.3%
year 2020 733,391 3.3%
The 1930 and 1940 censuses were taken before the fall. Source: 1910-2020 [49]

ThatUnited States Census Bureaufound inUS Census 2020that the population of Alaska was 736,081 on April 1, 2020, a 3.6% increase since then2010 United States Census.[3]According to the 2010 US Census, the US state of Alaska had a population of 710,231, up from 626,932 at the 2000 US Census.

In 2010, Alaska was previously the 47th state in terms of populationNorth Dakota,Vermont, andWyoming(and Washington, D.C.). Estimates show North Dakota prior to 2018[To update].[50]With 1.2 people per square mile (0.46/km), Alaska is the most sparsely populated state and one of the most sparsely populated regions in the world.2), with the next state, Wyoming, having 5.8 people per square mile (2.2/km2).[51]Alaska is by far the largest state in the United States of Americaarea, and the 10th richest (income per capita).[52]Status 2018[To update]Due to its population, it is one of only 14 US states that only have one telephonePhone prefix.[53]

race and ethnicity

breed composition 1970 [54] 1990 [54] 2000 [55] 2010 [56] Year 2020 [57]
White 78.8% 75.5% 69.3% 66.7% 59.4%
Nature 16.9% 15.6% 15.6% 14.8% 15.2%
Asia 0.9% 3.6% 4.0% 5.4% 6.0%
Black 3.0% 4.1% 3.5% 3.3% 3.0%
Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders 0.5% 1.0% 1.7%
Other races 0.4% 1.2% 1.6% 1.6% 2.5%
Multiethnic 5.5% 7.3% 12.2%

2019American Community Surveyestimated to be 60.2% of the populationnon-Hispanic whites, 3.7%Black or African American15.6%American Indians or Alaskan Natives, 6.5%Asia1.4%Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, 7.5% from two or more races and 7.3%Spain or Latin Americaany race. According to the survey estimates, 7.8% of the total population are foreigners born between 2015 and 2019.[58]In 2015, 61.3% non-Hispanic White, 3.4% Black or African American, 13.3% Native American or Alaska Native, 6.2% Asian, 0.9% Hawaiian Native and other Pacific Islander, 0.3 % other race and 7.7% mixed race. Hispanics and Latinos made up 7% of the state’s population in 2015.[59]From 2015 to 2019, the largest were Hispanic and Latino groupsMexican Americans,Puerto Rican people, andCuban Americans. The largest Asian groups living in the state areFilipinos,Korean-American, andJapaneseandChinese Americans.[60]

The state is 66.7% White (64.1% White, non-Hispanic), 14.8% Native American and Alaskan Native, 5.4% Asian, 3.3% Black or African American , 1.0% Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 1.6% from another race, and 7.3% from two or more races in 2010. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 5.5% of the 2010 population .[sixty one]From 2011[To update], 50.7% of the Alaskan population under the age of one is minority (meaning they do not have two non-Hispanic white parents).[62]In 1960, the United States Census Bureau reported that the population of Alaska was 77.2% White, 3% Black, and 18.8% Native American and Alaskan.[63]


Alaskan native language

According to the 2011 American Community Survey, 83.4% of people over the age of 5 speak only English at home. About 3.5% speak Spanish at home, 2.2% speak another languageIndo-European languages, about 4.3% said aAsialanguage (incltagalog),[sixty-four]and about 5.3% speak other languages ​​at home.[65]In 2019, the American Community Survey identified that 83.7% speak only English and 16.3% speak a language other than English. The most widely spoken European language after English is Spanish, which is spoken by about 4.0% of the state’s population. Overall, 5.6% of Alaskans speak Asian and Pacific Islander languages.[66]As of 2010, a total of 5.2% of Alaskans speak one in 20mother tongue,[sixty-seven]known locally as the “mother tongue”.

ThatAlaska Native Language CenterinUniversity of Alaska Fairbanksclaim that at least 20Alaskan native languageexist and also several languages ​​with different dialects.[68]Most Alaskan native languages ​​belong toEskimo-AleutiansorWell Denelanguage families; However, some languages ​​should beisolation(for example.haida) or uncategorized (for example:Tsimshianic).[68]Since 2014[To update]Almost all native Alaskan languages ​​are listed as threatened, displaced, dead, nearly extinct, or dormant.[69]

In October 2014, the governor of Alaska signed legislation declaring 20 of the state’s native languages ​​official status.[70][71]This bill has given them symbolic recognition as official languages, although they have not yet been approved for official use in government. The 20 languages ​​included in the invoice are:

  1. Inupiaq
  2. Siberian Yupik
  3. Alaska Yup’ik Center
  4. aluminum bag
  5. Unangax
  6. Dena’ina
  7. Degree Xinag
  8. Holikachuk
  9. Koyukon
  10. Upper Kuskokwim
  11. Gwich’in
  12. Tanana
  13. Upper Tanana
  14. Tanacross
  15. Han
  16. Ahtna
  17. ejaculation
  18. Tlingit
  19. haida
  20. Tsimshian


Alaskan Native ReligionShamanism among Alaska Natives

Russian Orthodox Church of St. Michaelsitka


According to statistics collected byReligious association for data storageAs of 2010, approximately 34% of Alaskans are members of religious orders. Among the religious population, 100,960 individuals are identified asProtestants; 50,866 are Roman Catholic; and 32,550 major Protestants.[72]About 4% are Mormon, 0.5%Jewish, 0.5% Muslim, 1% Buddhist, 0.2% Baháʼí and 0.5% Hindu.[seventy-three]Largest religious denominations in Alaska as of 2010[To update]to beCatholic Churchwith 50,866 followers; Non-denominational evangelism with 38,070 followers;Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saintswith 32,170 followers; andSouthern Baptist Conventionwith 19,891 followers.[74]Alaska was identified along with the Pacific Northwest states of Washington and Oregonleast religious states in the United States, relating to church membership.[75][76]

The Pew Research Center identified 62% of the adult population as Catholic in 2014. Protestantism is the largest Christian tradition dominated by evangelicals. Orthodox Protestants are the second largest Evangelical Christian group, followed bymostly African American churches. The Catholic Church remains the largest single Christian tradition practiced in Alaska. Among the non-denominational population, they form the largest non-Christian religious community.atheist5% of the population and is the largest non-Christian religionBuddhism.

1795 for the first timeRussian Orthodox ChurchEstablished inKodiak. Marriage among Alaska Natives helped Russian immigrants integrate into society. As a result, more and more Russian Orthodox churches were gradually established in Alaska.[77]Alaska has tooQuakerPopulation (in percent) of a country.[78]In 2009 there were 6,000 Jews in Alaska (who obeyedHalacha can cause special problems).[79]Hindus in Alaska often share locations and celebrations with members of other Asian religious communities, includingSikhismandjains.[80][81][82]In 2010 the Hindus of Alaska were formedSri Ganesha Temple of Alaskamaking it the first Hindu temple in Alaska and the northernmost Hindu temple in the world. There are an estimated 2,000-3,000 Hindus in Alaska. The vast majority of Hindus live in Anchorage or Fairbanks.

Estimates of the number of Muslims in Alaska range from 2,000 to 5,000.[83][84][85]ThatAnchorage’s Muslim Community Centerbegan building a mosque in Anchorage in the late 1990s. They broke ground on a building south of Anchorage in 2010 and are expected to complete it by the end of 2014.[eighty-six]There’s one tooBahá’íCenter.[eighty seven]

branch % population
Christian 62 62
Good news 37 37
Missionary Gospel 22 22
Protestant mainstream twelfth twelfth
Black Church 3 3
Catholic 16 16
Mormon 5 5
Jehovah’s Witnesses 0.5 0.5
Eastern Orthodoxy 5 5
Other Christs 0.5 0.5
Not connected first thirty first thirty
Nothing special 20 20
Agnostic 6 6
atheist 5 5
Non-Christian Beliefs 6 6
Jewish 0.5 0.5
Islam 0.5 0.5
Bahá’í 0.2 0.2
Buddhists First First
Hindus 0.5 0.5
Other non-Christian faiths 4 4
Don’t know/reject answer First First
In total 100 100

So economical

Alaska’s economyLocations in Alaska by Per Capita IncomeList of Alaska companies

Prudhoe Bay Oil Field

As of 2016, Alaska has a total of 266,072 jobs. The number of companies employing workers is 21,077.[89]

2018gross national productwas $55 billion, ranking 48th in the United States.personal income per capitafor 2018 is $73,000 and ranks 7th nationally. According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Alaska has the fifth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States at 6.75 percent.[90]The oil and gas industry dominates Alaska’s economy, with more than 80% of state revenue derived from oil exploration. Alaska’s top export (excluding oil and natural gas) is seafood, primarily salmon, cod, pollock, and crab.

Agriculture makes up a very small part of the Alaskan economy. Agricultural production is primarily for consumption in the state and includes herds, dairy, vegetables, and livestock. Production is limited, most food and synthetic goods being imported from elsewhere.

Employment is mainly in government and in industries such as natural resource extraction, shipping and transportation. Military bases are an important part of the economy in Fairbanks North Star, Anchorage, and Kodiak Island counties, as well as Kodiak. Federal subsidies are also an important part of the economy, allowing the state to keep taxes low. Its industrial output is crude oil, natural gas, coal, gold, precious metals, zinc and other mining and processing of seafood, timber and wood products. There is also a growing service and tourism industry. Tourists have contributed to the economy by supporting local accommodation.


Natural Gas in AlaskaList of power plants in AlaskaEnergy Act Alaska Act

Trans-Alaska Pipelinenorth slopeValdezheat conductionpermanent ice

proven oil reserves

Alaska has vast energy resources, although its oil reserves are largely depleted. The main oil and gas reserves are located inNorth Alaska Slope(ANS) and Cook Inlet Basin, but accenergy information management, as of February 2014, Alaska fell to fourth nationwide in crude oil production behind Texas, North Dakota and California.[91][92]Prudhoe Bay on Alaska’s North Slope remains the second most productive oil field in the United States, typically producing about 400,000 barrels per day (64,000 m3/d), but in early 2014 in North DakotaBakken’s formationproduces more than 900,000 barrels per day (140,000 m3/d).[ninety three]Prudhoe Bay is the largestordinary oilField once discovered in North America but much smaller than the vast field of CanadaAthabasca deu oil sandsThe field produced approximately 1,500,000 barrels per day (240,000 m) in 2014.3/d) totalunique oil, and have hundreds of years of reserves that can be produced at that rate.[ninety four]

ThatTrans-Alaska Pipelinecapable of transporting and pumping up to 2.1 million barrels (330,000 m.).3) crude oil per day, more than any other crude oil pipeline in the United States. In addition, significant coal deposits are found in Alaska’s bituminous, sub-bituminous, and lignite deposits. ThatUnited States Geological SurveyIt is estimated that there are 85.4 trillion cubic feet (2,420 km.)3) of undiscovered gas technically recoverable from natural gas hydrates on the Alaska North Slope.[95]With its many rivers, Alaska also offers some of the largest hydroelectric potential in the country. Much of the Alaskan coast also offers potential for wind and geothermal energy.[96]

Alaska’s economy depends heavily on increasingly expensive diesel fuel for heating, transportation, electricity and lighting. While wind and hydropower are plentiful and underdeveloped, statewide proposals for energy systems (egcheap electrical internship) was assessed as uneconomical (at the time of reporting in 2001) due to low fuel prices (under 50¢/gallon), long distances and small population.[97]The price of a gallon of gas in urban Alaska today is often thirty to sixty cents above the national average; Prices in rural areas are generally significantly higher, but vary widely depending on transportation costs, seasonal peak usage, nearby oil production infrastructure, and many other factors.

Standing Fund

ThatAlaska Permanent Fundwas an oil revenue legal appropriation created by voters in 1976 to manage a surplus of state petroleum revenues from oil, much of which was projected by recent construction.Trans-Alaska Pipeline System. The fund was originally proposed by the governorKeith MillerDays before the Prudhoe Bay lease sale date in 1969, out of concern that lawmakers would immediately spend all proceeds from the sale (up to $900 million). It was then championed by the governorJay Hammondandkenai state representativeHugh Malone. Since then, it has become an attractive policy prospect, with revenues normally paid into the general fund being diverted.

ThatConstitution of Alaskawas written to discourage the allocation of government funds for a particular cause. The Permanent Fund has become the rare exception, largely due to the political distrust that reigned during its inception. From an initial capital of $734,000, the fund has grown to $50 billion thanks to oil royalties and equity investment programs.[98]Most, if not all, of the capital is prudently invested outside of Alaska. This has led to frequent calls from Alaskan politicians for the fund to invest in Alaska, although such a stance has never gained momentum.

Beginning in 1982, the Fund’s Annual Growth Dividends were paid annually to qualifying Alaskans and ranged from an initial US$1,000 in 1982 (equivalent to three years’ worth of payments), when the distribution of payments took place through an allocation plan process, to US$3,269 in 2008 (including a one-time “resource return” of $1,200). Each year the legislature deducts 8% from income, pays back 3% to fight inflation, and the remaining 5% is distributed to all qualified Alaskans. To qualify for dividends from the perpetual fund, an individual must have resided in the state for at least 12 months, have continuous residency with the condition of permissible absence,[99]and not subject to judicial or criminal convictions of any classification or civil penalties.

The permanent fund is often considered one of the leading examples ofbasic incomepolitics in the world.[100]

cost of living

The cost of goods in Alaska has long been higher than in the 48 contiguous states. Federal employees especiallyUnited States Postal Service(USPS) Active-duty workers and military members who receive a living allowance is typically capped at 25% of base pay because the cost of living, while down, is still among the highest in the country.[101]

Rural Alaska suffers from very high food and consumer goods prices compared to the rest of the country due to its relatively limited transportation infrastructure.[101]

agriculture and fisheries


Because of Alaska’s northern climate and short growing season, agriculture is relatively uncommon. Most courtyards are inMatanuska Valley, about 40 miles (64 km) northeastAnchorage, or onKenai Peninsula, about 60 miles (97 km) southwest of Anchorage. The short 100-day growing season limits the variety of plants you can grow, but the long, sunny summer days make for a productive growing season. The main crops are potatoes, carrots, lettuce and cabbage.

ThatTanana Valleyis another notable agricultural area, in particularDelta Crossingabout 100 miles southeast of Fairbanks, with a significant concentration of agronomic holdings; These farms are mainly located in the north and east ofFort Greley. The area was largely dedicated and developed under a state program led by Hammond during his second term as governor. The crops in the lowlands consist mainly of barley and hay. West of Fairbanks is another concentration of small farms that serve restaurants, hotels, and the tourism industrycommunity-based agriculture.

Alaskan agriculture has seen tremendous growthmarket gardener, small farm &farmers marketsin recent years with the highest percentage increase in the country (46%) in the growth of the agricultural market in 2011, compared to 17% for the whole country.[102]ThatpeonyThe industry is also thriving as the growing season allows farmers to harvest elsewhere in the world during times of supply shortages, filling a niche in the flower market.[103]

Alaska State FairTanana Valley State Fair

Alaska, without a county, has no county fairs. A small group of state and local fairs (withAlaska State Fairinpalmerslargest), takes place mainly in late summer. Held primarily in communities with historical or current agricultural practices, the fairs feature local farmers exhibiting their produce alongside more popular commercial activities such as carnival rides, carnivals, concerts and food. “Alaska Grown” is used as an agricultural slogan.

Alaska is rich in seafood, with fisheries primarily in the Bering Sea and North Pacific. Seafood is one of the few foods that is typically cheaper in the state than outside. Many Alaskans use the salmon season to harvest a portion of their household rations while fishing for both subsistence and sport. This includes fish caught with a hook, net or fishwheel.[104]

Mainly in pursuit of lifereindeer,moose deer, anddall sheepstill popular in the state, especially in remote areasshrubscommunity. An example of a traditional local dish isacuteq, Eskimo cream that may contain reindeer fat, seal oil, dried fish meat and local berries.

Alaska’s reindeer herd focuses onSeward Peninsula, where wild reindeer can be prevented from mating and migrating with domesticated reindeer.[105]

Most Alaskan food is shipped into the state”Outdoors”(49 other US states) and transportation costs make groceries relatively expensive in cities. In rural areas, hunting and gathering for subsistence is an essential activity as imported food is very expensive. Although most of Alaska’s small towns and villages are along the coast, the cost of importing food to remote villages can be high as difficult terrain and road conditions vary significantly due to climate changes and changes in rainfall. The shipping cost can be up to 50/pound ($1.10/kg) or more in some remote areas in the most difficult times, if those places can be reached in good condition, such as extreme weather and terrain. The cost of distributing 1 US gallon (3.8 L) of milk is about US$3.50 in many villages, where per capita income can be US$20,000 or less. Fuel costs per gallon are typically twenty to thirty cents higher than the contiguous US average, with only Hawaii costing more.[106][107]


List of Alaskan artists and writers

Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race


Some of the famous annual events in Alaska areIditarod Trail Sled Dog Racefrom Anchorage to Nome, World Ice Arts Championships in Fairbanks, Blueberry Festival and Alaska Hummingbird Festival inketchikan, Sitka Whale Festival and Garnet River Stikine Festival inWrangel. ThatRiver Stikineattract the greatest concentration in springAmerican bald eagleIn the world.

ThatAlaska Native Heritage Centercelebrates the rich heritage of 11 Alaskan cultural groups. Their goal is to promote intercultural exchange between people and to strengthen the self-esteem of indigenous peoples. ThatAlaskan Native Arts FoundationPromote and market indigenous art from all regions and cultures of the state via the Internet.[108]


Music from Alaska

Musical influences in Alaska include traditional Alaskan Native music as well as folk music brought by later immigrants from Russia and Europe. Famous musicians from Alaska are singersjewel, the traditional flutist of the AleutiansMaria Jungblut, folk singer and songwriterLibby Roderick, Christian music singer and songwriterLincoln Brewster, metal band / post-hardcore36 madmenand groupsPamyuandPortugal. man.

There are many established music festivals in Alaska, includingAlaska folk festival, Fairbanks Summer Arts Festival, Anchorage Folk Festival,The Athabascan Festival of Antiquity, Sitka Jazz Festival andSitka Summer Music Festival. The most prominent orchestra in Alaska isAnchorage Symphony Orchestra, although the Fairbanks Symphony Orchestra andJuneau Symphonyalso remarkable. ThatAnchorage Operais currently the only professional opera company in the country, although there are also a number of voluntary and semi-professional organizations in the country.

Officiallypop songof Alaska is”Flag of Alaska“, adopted in 1955; it celebratesFlag of Alaska.

Alaska in Film and TV

List of films set in Alaska

Dog crossbreed between wolf

The first independent Alaskan painting painted entirely in AlaskaChechahcos, produced by Alaskan businessmanAustin E. Lathropand was filmed in and around Anchorage. Released by the Alaska Moving Picture Corporation in 1924, it was the only film the company produced.

One of the most famous films shot in Alaska isMGM’SEskimo / Mala the Magnificent, with Alaskan NativesRay Mala. In 1932 an expedition startedMGMHollywood studios traveled to Alaska to film what was later dubbed “The Biggest Picture Ever Made.” Upon arriving in Alaska, they set up “Camp Hollywood” in northwest Alaska, where they lived for the duration of filming.Louis B MayerDespite the remote location, no expense is spared in hiring a chefRoosevelt Hotelin Hollywood to cook meals.[citation required]

WhenEskimopremiered atAstor Theaterin New York City, the studio received the greatest feedback in its history.Eskimowas critically acclaimed and released worldwide; This made Mala an international movie star.Eskimowon the first Oscar forBest film editingat the Academy Awards, and showcase and preserve aspects ofInupiatefilm culture.

Disney’s 1983 filmWolves never crywas at least partially filmed in Alaska. 1991 movieWhite fangs, basedjack londonRoman in 1906 and played the lead roleEthan Hawke, filmed in and aroundhaines.Steven Seagal1994On the dead earth, main characterMichael Cain, partly filmedWorthington GlaciernearValdez.[109]1999John SaylesMovielimbo, main characterDavid Strathairn,Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, andKris Kristofferson, was filmed in Juneau.

psychological thrillerinsomnia, main characterAl PacinoandRobin Williams, was filmed in Canada but is set in Alaska. The 2007 film directed by Sean Penn,Into the wild, which was partially filmed and set in Alaska. The film is based on the novel of the same name about the adventures ofChristopher McCandless, who died remotely on an abandoned busStampede TrailWest ofHealthy1992

Many films and television shows set in Alaska were not filmed there; north, set in the fictional town of Cicely, Alaska, was filmedRoslin, Washington. 2007 horror movie30 days and nightsis setBarrow, Alaska[Note 1], but was filmed in New Zealand.

Many reality TV shows are filmed in Alaska. in 2011,Daily news from Anchoragefound ten settings in the state.[110]


Alaskan sportsAlaska Sports Hall of Fame

Public Health and Public Safety

Dentistry in rural Alaska

ThatAlaska State soldierAlaska Statewide Police. They have a long and rich history, but were not an official organization until 1941. Before the force was officially organized, law enforcement in Alaska was administered by other federal agencies. Larger cities often have their own local police force, and some villages rely on “Public Safety Officers” who are police-trained but do not carry guns. In most states, the military serves as the only available police force. In addition to enforcing traffic and criminal laws, the Wildlife Service enforces hunting and fishing regulations. Due to the varied terrain and the varied tasks of the soldiers, they use a variety of patrol vehicles on land, in the air and on the water.

Many rural Alaskan communities considered “dry” banned the importation of alcoholic beverages.[111]Rural dwellers have a higher suicide rate than urban dwellers.[112]

abuse in the familyand other violent crimes are also high in the state; This is partly related to alcohol abuse.[113]Alaska has the highest rate of sexual assault in the country, particularly in rural areas. The average age of victims of sexual assault is 16 years. In four out of five cases, the suspect is a relative, friend or acquaintance.[114]


Kachemak Bay CampusUniversity of Alaska Anchorage

ThatAlaska Department of Education and Early Developmentmanage manyZhang Provincein Alaska. The state also runs a boarding schoolMt High School. Edgecumbeinsitkaand provide some funding for other boarding schools, includingNenana Student Housing CenterinNenanaand Galena Furniture Learning Academy inGalena.[115]

There are more than a dozenColleges and Universities in Alaska. Accredited universities in Alaska includeUniversity of Alaska Anchorage,University of Alaska Fairbanks,University of Alaska Southeast, andAlaska Pacific University.[116]Alaska is the only state that has no affiliated organizationNCAA Division I.

The Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development operates AVTEC, the Alaska Institute of Technology.[117]Campuses in Seward and Anchorage offer training programs ranging from one week to 11 months in fields as diverse as information technology, welding, nursing and mechanical engineering.

Alaska had a problem with “brain drain”. Many of its young people, including most of the high achievers, left the country after high school and never returned. Stand 2013.[To update], Alaska has notLaw Facultyor medical school.[118]ThatUniversity of Alaskaattempted to counteract this by offering four-year partial scholarships to the top 10% of Alaskan high school graduates through the Alaska Scholars Program.[119]

As of 1998, schools in rural Alaska must have at least 10 students to receive state funding, and facilities are not filling enough. This is due to the loss of oil revenue that previously created smaller rural schools.[120]In 2015 there was a proposal to raise this minimum to 25,[121]but lawmakers in the state are largely divided.[122]


Transportation in Alaska

Sterling HighwaySeward Expressway


List of Alaska Routes

Susitna riverDenali Expressway

Alaska Interstate Highway

Alaska has few road connections compared to the rest of the United States. Covering a relatively small area of ​​the state, the state’s road system connects central population centers andAlaska Highway, the main out-of-state route across Canada. The state capital of Juneau is not accessible by land, only by car ferry; This has fueled debate for decades about moving the capital to a city on a road system, or building a road link out of ithaines. Western Alaska does not have a road system connecting communities to the rest of Alaska.

Klondike Expressway

ThatAlaskan highwaycovers a total of 1,082 miles (1,741 km). A unique feature of the Alaska Highway system isAnton Anderson Memorial Tunnel, an activityAlaska RailroadThe tunnel has recently been upgraded to provide a paved road link with the outlying communityWhittierAbovePrince William SoundarriveSeward Expresswayapproximately 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Anchoragetransportation costs. With a length of 4.0 km, the tunnel was the longest road tunnel in North America until 2007.[123]The tunnel is the longest combinationtunnels and railwaysin North America.


Alaska railroad

White Pass and Yukon RouteSkagwayBorder between Canada and the United States

Built around 1915,Alaska Railroad(ARR) played an important role in the development of Alaska in the 20th century, linking North Pacific shipping by providing vital infrastructure to outbound routesSewardarriveAlaskan furniturefromSouth-Central Alaska, through Anchorage,Eklutna, Wasila,Talkeetna,Denali, and Fairbanks, with momentumWhittier,palmersandNorth Pole. The towns, villages and areas served by the ARR rail are known nationally as “The Railbelt”. In recent years, an increasingly improved paved highway system has begun to overshadow the importance of the railroads in Alaska’s economy.

The railroad played an important role in Alaska’s development, transporting goods into Alaska while also transporting natural resources south, such as coal from the nearby Usibelli coal mine.Healthyout to Seward and KiesMatanuska Valleyto Anchorage. It is famous for its summer tourist service.

The Alaska Railroad was one of the last operating railroads in North Americacabinsin regular service and still use them on some gravel trains. It continues to offer one of thestop flagdomestic routes. A stretch of approximately 100 km along the area north of Talkeetna remains inaccessible by road. The railroad was the only means of transportation to the rural homes and cottages in the area. Until the construction of the Parks Expressway in the 1970s, the railroad provided the only overland access to most of the area along its entire route.

in Northeast Alaska,White Pass and Yukon Routesometimes run through the word conditionSkagwaynorth to Canada (British Columbia and Yukon Territory) and crosses the border atWhite passportImportant conference. This route is now mainly used by tourists who usually arrive in Skagway on a cruise ship. It was introduced in 1983BBCTV seriesGreat little train.

The Alaska Rail network is not connected to the outside world. (The closest connection to the North American rail network is the northwest terminus ofCanadian State RailwaysinPrince Rupert, British Columbia, several hundred miles southeast.) In 2000, the United States Congress authorized $6 million to study the feasibility of a rail link between Alaska, Canada, and the Lower 48.[124][125][126]

Some private companies offerfloating carservice betweenWhittierandSeattle.


Many towns and villages in the state have no roads or highways; The only ways of access are by air, river or sea travel.


Tustumena GlacierKenai PeninsulaKodiak IslandAleutian chain

Alaska’s well-developed state ferry system (known asAlaska Marine Highway) in the service of the citySouth East, Gulf Coast and Alaska Peninsula. Ferries carry both vehicles and passengers. The system also operates ferry services outBellingham, WashingtonandPrince Rupert, British Columbia, in Canada throughInner passagearriveSkagway. ThatInter-island Ferry Authorityalso serves as an important marine link for many communities in thePrince of Wales IslandSoutheast Region and operates in conjunction with the Alaska Maritime Highway.

In recent years, cruise lines have created a summer travel market connecting primarily the Pacific Northwest with Southeast Alaska and to a lesser extent with cities along the Alaskan Gulf Coast. population ofketchikansuch as strong daily fluctuations – up to four large cruise ships can dock there at the same time.

air transport

Cities without land, sea, or river access can only be reached by air, foot, dog sled, or snowmobile because Alaska is extremely developed.bushAir transportation — a new feature of Alaska. Anchorage and to a lesser extent Fairbanks, served bymany major airlines. With limited freeway access, air travel remains the most efficient mode of transportation in and out of the state. Anchorage recently completed extensive remodeling and constructionTed Stevens Anchorage International Airportto accommodate the booming tourism industry (Alaska welcomed nearly two million visitors in 2012–2013).[127]

Regular flights to most of the state’s towns and cities present a challenge to provide commercial capacity, which is why they are heavily subsidized by the federal governmentBasic flight servicesProgram.Alaska Airlinesis the only major airline offering in-state travel with jet service (sometimes a combination of cargo and passenger service).Boeing 737-400s) from Anchorage andFairbanksto regional centers such asBelikov,Not me,Koetzebue,Dillingham,Kodiak, and other larger communities as well as large communities in the Southeast and Alaska Peninsula.

Bombardier Dash 8Alaskan eraTed Stevens Anchorage International Airport

Most of the remaining commercial flights come from small regional airlines such asRavn Alaska,PenAir, andBorder Air Service. The smallest towns and villages are accessible by scheduled or charter flights by general airline aircraft such asCessna caravan, the most common aircraft type in the state. Much of this service is possible thanks to the Alaska Drop-in Mail program, which supports the delivery of bulk mail to rural Alaskan communities. The program requires 70% of this subsidy to go to airlines that provide passenger services to the community.

Many communities have small air taxi services. These operations arise from the need for customized transportation to remote areas. Perhaps Alaska’s most basic aircraft is the dust floatplane. The busiest seaplane base in the world isLake Hood, located adjacent to Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, which offers flights to remote villages without runways, carrying passengers, cargo and a variety of warehouse and club items.

In 2006, Alaska had the highest number of pilots per capita of any US state.[128]Alaska has 8,795 active pilot certifications as of 2020.[129]Of these, 2,507 are private, 1,496 commercial, 2,180 aviation and 2,239 students. There are also 3,987 instrument pilots and 1,511 flight instructors.

Other means of transport

Another Alaskan shipping method issled dog. In modern times (that is, sometime after the mid to late 1920s), the dog wasmusesIt is more of a sport than a real means of transportation. Various races are held across the state but the most famous isIditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, a 1,850 km hiking trail from Anchorage to Nome (although the distance varies from year to year, the distance is officially set at 1,049 miles or 1,688 km). Race to remember famous people1925 Serum rushes to Nomewhere hunters and dogs likeGoandBaltoobtain necessary medicinesdiphtheria- crowded community ofNot mewhen all other means of transport have failed. Muslims from around the world come to Anchorage every March to compete for money, prizes and prestige. “Serum Run” is another sled dog race that follows the route of the famous 1925 relay abandoned by the communityNenana(southwest of Fairbanks) to Nome.[130]

In areas that are not accessible by road or rail, the main mode of transport in summer is the carall off-road vehiclesand through in winterSledsor “snow machine” as it is commonly called in Alaska.[131]

data transport

Alaska’s Internet and other data transmission systems are largely provided by two major telecommunications companies:GCIandAlaska communications. GCI owns and operates what is known as the Alaska United Fiber Optic System[132]and in late 2011, Alaska Communications announced that it had “two fiber optic links to the Lower 48 and two more through Alaska.”[133]In January 2011 it was reported that a $1 billion project to connect Asia to rural Alaska was planned, with partial support of $350 million from the federal government.[134]

law and government

state government

Government of Alaska

Juneauspam canJohn H. DimondAlaska State Capitol

Like all other states of the United States, Alaska is governed as a three-state republicbranch of government: aexecutiveconsistsGovernor of Alaskaand his or her deputies direct the executive departments; a legislative branchconsistsAlaska House of RepresentativesandAlaska Senate; and alegal departmentconsistsThe Alaskan Supreme Courtand lower courts.

The state of Alaska employs approximately 16,000 people statewide.[135]

ThatAlaska Legislatureincludes a 40th memberlower houseand 20 memberssenate. Senators serve four-year terms and members of the House of Representatives serve two. ThatGovernor of Alaskaserve four years. ThatDeputy Governorrun in separately from the governorprimaries, but in the general election the candidate for governor and the candidate for lieutenant will run on the same card.

Alaska’s court system has four tiers:The Alaskan Supreme Court, thatAlaska Court of Appeals, Supreme Courts and District Courts.[136]The superior and district courts areCourt of First Instance. The Supreme Court is a court of general jurisdiction, while the District Court hears only certain types of cases, including minor criminal cases and civil cases up to $100,000.[136]

The Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals arecourt of appeal. The Court of Appeal is required to hear appeals against certain lower court decisions, including those affecting criminal prosecution, juvenile delinquency and juvenile delinquency.corpus habeas.[136]The Supreme Court deals with civil appeals and has discretion to hear criminal appeals.[136]

State Policy

Alaskan PoliticsThe power of political parties in AlaskaInvestigating Political Corruption in Alaska

Five democracy Republican Party Miscellaneous
1958 59.6% 29,189 39.4% 19,299
1962 52.3% 29,627 47.7% 27,054
1966 48.4% 32,065 50.0% 33,145
1970 52.4% 42,309 46.1% 37,264
1974 47.4% 45,553 47.7% 45,840
1978 20.2% 25,656 39.1% 49,580
1982 46.1% 89,918 37.1% 72,291
1986 47.3% 84,943 42.6% 76,515
1990 30.9% 60,201 26.2% 50,991 38.9% 75,721 [a]
1994 41.1% 87,693 40.8% 87,157
1998 51.3% 112,879 17.9% 39,331
2002 40.7% 94,216 55.9% 129,279
2006 41.0% 97.238 48.3% 114,697
2010 37.7% 96,519 59.1% 151,318
2014 0.0% 0 45.9% 128,435 48.1% 134,658 [b]
2018 44.4% 125,739 51.4% 145,631

Although in the early years the state of Alaska was onedemocracy, since the early 1970s it has been described asRepublican Party- Clean up.[138]Local political communities often work on issues related to land use development, fisheries, tourism and individual rights.Alaska Natives, while organized in and around their communities, were active inlocal companies. These people were given large tracts of land that had to be farmed.

Alaska used to be the only state where possession of an ounce or less of marijuana in one’s home was perfectly legal under state law, although federal laws are still in effect.[139]

State with an independence movement supporting a vote to secede from the United StatesAlaska Independence Party.[140]

sixMember of the Republican Partyand fourMember of the Democratic Partyserved as Governor of Alaska. Also the Republican governorWally Hickelwas elected to a second term in 1990 after leaving the Republican Party and joining the Alaska Independent Party just long enough to be re-elected. In 1994 he officially joined the Republican Party.

AlaskansVoter initiative to legalize marijuanawent into effect on February 24, 2015, making Alaska the first three states, along with Colorado and Washington, to legalize recreational marijuana. The new law means people over the age of 21 can consume small amounts of marijuana.[141]The first legal cannabis store opened in Valdez in October 2016.[142]

voter registration

Party registration of April 3, 2022 [143]
party Total number of people who voted percent
Not connected 336,965 57.47%
Republican Party 142,170 24.25%
democracy 77,209 13.17%
Alaskan Independence 18,725 3.19%
Other political groups 11,249 1.92%
In total 586,318 100%


To fund state government operations, Alaska relies primarily on oil revenues and federal subsidies. This allows him to have the lowest personal tax burden in the United States.[144]It’s one of only five states that don’t have oneVAT, one of seven states with no peopleincome taxand — together withNew Hampshire– One of these two things does not exist.[145]Sales tax department[146]Regular reporting on government revenue. The department also issues an annual summary of its operations, including new state laws that directly affect the tax department. In 2014,Fiscal organizationranks Alaska as the fourth most “business-friendly” tax policy, just behindWyoming,South Dakota, andNevada.[147]

While Alaska has no state sales tax, the 89 municipalities collect a local sales tax ranging from 1.0% to 7.5%, typically 3-5%. Other local taxes that are levied include Raw Fish Tax, Hotel, Motel and Bedresource tax, alcohol and tobacco tax, gambling tax (pull tab), tire tax and fuel transfer tax. A portion of revenue from certain state taxes and permit fees (e.g., gasoline, jet fuel, telephone cooperatives) is shared with Alaskan communities.

Oil prices fell afterwardsfracking boomBy the early 2010s, Alaska’s treasury, which had previously derived about 85% of its revenue from taxes and fees imposed on oil and gas companies, was drained.[148]The state government had to drastically cut the budget, bringing the deficit from more than $2 billion in 2016 to less than $500 million in 2018. In 2020, the Alaska state government budget is $4.8 billion, while state revenues are projected to be only $4.5 billion.[149]

federal policy

Alaskan PoliticsUS Arctic Policy

Alaska provides regular supportMember of the Republican Partyin the presidential elections and has been since statehood. The Republican Party won the stateelectoral collegeVote in all but one election it voted in (1964). No state voted for ademocracyPresidential candidate less often. Alaska is taken by the Democratic Party candidateLyndon B Johnsonin his landslide election in1964, during1960and1968elections are imminent. Out of1972However, Republicans have brought the state great gains. In2008Member of the Republican PartyJohn McCainDemocrats defeatedBarack Obamain Alaska 59.49% to 37.83%. McCain’s buddy isSarah Palin, governor of the state and the first Alaskan to have tickets to the main party. Obama lost Alaska again2012, but he won 40% of the state’s vote in that election, becoming the first Democrat to do so since 1968year 2020,Joe Bidenreceived 42.77% of the vote for President, the highest tally for a Democratic presidential nominee since Johnson’s victory in 1968.

ThatAlaska bush, central Juneau, downtown and downtown Anchorage and the surrounding areaUniversity of Alaska FairbanksCampus and Ester were once the stronghold of the Democratic Party. The Matanuska-Susitna area, most of Fairbanks (including the Arctic and military bases), and South Anchorage typically have the strongest Republican representation.


Vote with ratings in the USNon-partisan home cover

Alaska has a long history of first-time defeats for incumbent US SenatorsErnst Gruening,Mike Kies & Lisa MurkowskiAll were defeated for nomination for re-election. But Murkowskiwin re-electionwith a sign-up action. Despite this, Alaska has had a number of long-serving congressmenTed Stevenswas a US Senator for 40 yearsdon youngwas the largest representative for 49 years.

A 2020 study ranked Alaska the 15th hardest place to vote for citizens.[150]

InsideElection 2020Cycle, Alaskan voters approved Ballot Measure 2.[151]The measure passed with a majority of 1.1%, or about 4,000 votes.[152]This measure requires campaigns to disclose the origin and all intermediaries for campaign contributions over $2,000. set dimensionbipartisan primariesfor national elections (as inWashingtonandCalifornia) andVote to select ratings(like inMaine).[152]Alaska is the third state withprimaries in the forestfor all races statewide, second state withpoll numbers, and the only state to have both.

The first race to use the new voting system will beSpecial Election 2022to fill Alaska’s only seat in the US House of Representatives, vacated by the death ofdon young.

  • Current state elected officials of Alaska
  • Mike Dunleavy, Governor
  • Kevin Meyer, Lt. Col
  • Lisa Murkowski, Senior US Senator
  • Dan Sullivan, Junior US Senator
  • Don Young, U.S. Representative (General) (deceased, seat currently vacant)

See more

  • Alaska gate
  • Index of Articles on Alaska
  • borders of Alaska


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  • . Yale Collection of Western Americana, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

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  • Guide to the State of Alaska from the Library of Congress
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Preceded by Arizona List of U.S. states at the time of admission to the Union Registered January 3, 1959 (49th) Successor of Hawaii

Coordinates: 64°04’07″N 152°16’42″W / 64.0685°N 152.2782°W / 64.0685; -152.2782 (Alaska State)

Video tutorials about map of alaska and russia

keywords: #alaska, #russianamerica, #townbytown, #colonisation, #history, #map, #evolution, #история, #россия, #карта, #русскаяаляска, #аляска, #русскаяамерика, #поселения

History of Russian America, from XVIII century to 1867. The map shows little blue dots, which represent Russians settlement in Alaska (except Fort Ross in California) before the purchase by United States.

(2020 description update) The only used sources were English and Russian Wikipedia. This topic is very perfectible, by using bibliography.

1805 destruction of Yakutat is not shown.

For pleasure: two interesting books about the colony itself, made by Russian explorers of these times (Russian text, free access) :



keywords: #mapofalaska, #alaskaroadmap, #roadmapofalaska, #mapadealaska, #mapadeAlaska, #Alaska, #alaska, #mapofAlaska, #usa, #USA, #mapadecarreterasdealaska, #roadmap, #maps, #map, #mapa, #mapas, #Alaskaroadmap, #Alaskamap, #alaskamap, #roadmapofAlaska, #roadmaps, #Alaskamapa, #alaskamapa

Alaska (/əˈlæskə/ (audio speaker iconlisten); Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂; Inupiaq: Alaasikaq; Alutiiq: Alas’kaaq; Yup’ik: Alaskaq;[4] Tlingit: Anáaski) is a state located in the Western United States on the northwest extremity of North America. A semi-exclave of the U.S., it borders the Canadian province of British Columbia and the territory of Yukon to the east and share a maritime border with the Russian Federation’s Chukotka Autonomous Okrug to the west, just across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas of the Arctic Ocean, while the Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest.

Alaska is by far the largest U.S. state by area, comprising more total area than the next three largest states (Texas, California, and Montana) combined. It represents the seventh largest subnational division in the world. It is the third-least populous and the most sparsely populated state, but by far the continent’s most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel, with a population of 736,081 as of 2020—more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska’s residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. The state capital of Juneau is the second-largest city in the United States by area, comprising more territory than the states of Rhode Island and Delaware. The former capital of Alaska, Sitka, is the largest U.S. city by area.

Alaska was occupied by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. The state is considered the entry point for the settlement of North America by way of the Bering land bridge. The Russians were the first Europeans to settle the area beginning in the 18th century, eventually establishing Russian America, which spanned most of the current state. The expense and difficulty of maintaining this distant possession prompted its sale to the U.S. in 1867 for US$7.2 million (equivalent to $133 million in 2020), or approximately two cents per acre ($4.74/km2). The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912. It was admitted as the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959.

While it has one of the smallest state economies in the country, Alaska’s per capita income is among the highest, owing to a diversified economy dominated by fishing, natural gas, and oil, all of which it has in abundance. United States armed forces bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy; more than half the state is federally owned public land, including a multitude of national forests, national parks, and wildlife refuges.

The indigenous population of Alaska is proportionally the highest of any U.S. state, at over 15 percent.] Close to two dozen native languages are spoken, and Alaskan Natives exercise considerable influence in local and state politics. Located at the northwest corner of North America, Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States, but also has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U.S. state on continental North America; about 500 miles (800 km) of British Columbia (Canada) separates Alaska from Washington. It is technically part of the continental U.S., but is sometimes not included in colloquial use; Alaska is not part of the contiguous U.S., often called “the Lower 48”. The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system.

The state is bordered by Canada’s Yukon and British Columbia to the east (making it the only state to border a Canadian territory); the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest; the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, and Chukchi Sea to the west; and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Alaska’s territorial waters touch Russia’s territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles (4.8 km) apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U.S. states combined.[22]

Alaska’s size compared with the 48 contiguous states (Albers equal-area conic projection)

At 663,268 square miles (1,717,856 km2) in area, Alaska is by far the largest state in the United States, and is more than twice the size of the second-largest U.S. state, Texas. Alaska is the seventh largest subnational division in the world, and if it was an independent nation would be the 16th largest country in the world, as it is larger than Iran. mapa de Alaska

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A look at bridge building across the Bering Strait. Who, how and why?

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