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  • Summary: Articles about Washington DC Map [District of Columbia] – GIS Geography With a population of 700,000 people, this city is the center of politics in the United States and hosts numerous foreign embassies. Washington, …

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    Postal Abbreviation – DC
    Area – 68.25 square miles (176.75 square km) [Washington, D.C. is smaller in area than any state in the USA]
    Population – 646,449
    (as of 2013) [Washington, D.C. has more people than Wyoming and Vermont]
    Major Industry – government

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Washington DC Map, Capital of the United States

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Plan of the city of Washington, in the territory of Columbia …

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Multi-read content us map with washington dc

District of Columbia (until 1871)District of Columbia (disambiguation)Capital of the United States (Locator)

Washington, D.C.
Federal capital and federal district
District of Columbia
Clockwise from top left: Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall, United States Capitol, Washington Metro, Air and Space Museum, White House, Shop doorfront at Adams Morgan, National Church
FlagSeal
Nickname: DC, County
Motto: Justitia Omnibus (English: Justice for all)
National Anthem: “Washington” “The Capital of Our Country” (Parade) [1]
Interactive Map of Washington D.C.
Coordinates: 38°54′17″N 77°00′59″W / 38.90472°N 77.01639°W / 38.90472; -77.01639 (District of Columbia)Coordinates: 38°54′17″N 77°00′59″W / 38.90472°N 77.01639°W / 38.90472; -77.01639 (District of Columbia)
nation United States of America
immigration laws 1790
Being held 1801
Strengthen, strengthen 1871
House Rules Act 1973
name for George Washington, Christopher Columbus
government
• Mayor Muriel Bowser (D)
• Council of D.C. List
Phil Mendelson (D), ChairmanAnita Bonds (D), At-LargeChristina Henderson (I), At-LargeRobert White (D), At-LargeElissa Silverman (I), At-LargeBrianne Nadeau (D), Ward 1Brooke Pinto (D) , Ward 2Mary Cheh (D), Ward 3Janeese Lewis George (D), Ward 4Kenyan McDuffie (D), Ward 5Charles Allen (D), Ward 6Vincent C. Gray (D), Ward 7Trayon White (D), Ward 8
• US House Eleanor Holmes Norton (D), delegate (large)
area
• Federal capitals and states 68.34 square miles (177.0 km2)
• Country 61.05 square miles (158.1 km2)
• Country 7.29 square miles (18.9 km2)
highest altitude 125 m (409 feet)
Lowest Altitude 0 feet (0 m)
Population (2020) [2]
• Federal capitals and states 689,545
• Grant 20th in the US
• Density 11,294.76/sq mi (4,361.45/km2)
• Subway [3] 6,385,162 (6th place)
demonym Washingtonians [4] [5]
time zone UTC-5 (EST)
• Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Postcode 20001-20098, 20201-20599, 56901-56999
Phone prefix) 202, 771 (overlay) [6] [7]
main airports Washington DullesReagan NationalBaltimore / Washington
Train
Fast transit
website Official site
Washington, D.C. State Symbol
life badge
Bird wooden thrush
Fish American shad
flower American Beauty Rose
mammal Little brown bat
tree Bright red oak wood
sign of ignorance
beverages Ricky [8]
dinosaur capital saurian
court cherry
Stone Potomac bluestone
slogan federal city
State route marker
Precious condition
Released in 2009
List of US state symbols

Washington, D.C., officialDistrict of Columbia, also known as justWashingtonor onlydirect current, to becapital cityand onlyFederal StatelaterUnited States of America.[9]It is on the east bank ofthe Potomac, forming its southwestern and southern borders withOur stateofVirginiaand shares a land border with the state of the United StatesMarylandon its remaining pages. The city is named aftergeorge washington, aFatherand the firstPresidents of States,[ten]andFederal Statenamed afterColumbia, a heroine of the nation. Is the location offederal government of the United Statesand several international organizations, the city is apolitical capital of the world.[11]With over 20 million visitors in 2016, it is one of the most visited cities in the United States.[Twelfth][13]

ThatUS Constitutionprovided a state underexclusive authorityCongress; County is therefore not part of itOur state(not even yourself). The signingimmigration lawsapproved the establishment of a on July 16, 1790Capital Districtis on the Potomac River near the countryeast coast. The city of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the national capital, and Congress held its first session there in 1800george townandAlexandria), officially recognized as a federal district. 1846 the National AssemblyReturn of the original lands ceded by Virginia, including the city of Alexandria; In 1871 it created aonly city administrationfor the rest of the district. hadeffortsmaking the city a state since the 1880s, a movement that has gained momentum in recent years, andstate lawpassedlower housein 2021.[14]

The city is divided intoquadrantfocus onmain buildingand up to 131neighborhoods. CorrespondingCensus 2020, it has a population of 689,455,[2]that does it20th most populous city in the US, the third largest city in bothmid-atlanticandSouth East, giving it a population larger than two U.S. states: Wyoming and Vermont.[15] workerfrom the surrounding suburbs of Maryland and Virginia, bringing the city’s daytime population to over a million during the workweek.[16]Washington’surban area, countryFriday big(includes parts of Maryland, Virginia andWest Virginia) has an estimated 2019 population of 6.3 million.[17]

The three branches of the federal government of the United States are regionally concentrated: Congress (legislative branch), President (executive branch) andSupreme Court(Justice). Washington is home to many countriesmonuments and museums, mainly on or aroundNational Center. host city177 foreign embassiesas well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobby groups and professional associations, among othersWorld Bank Group, thatIMF, thatOrganization of American States, thatAARP, thatNational Geographic Society, thathuman rights campaign, thatInternational Finance Corporation, andamerican red cross.

A locally elected mayoranda board of 13 membershas administered the county since 1973. Congress retains ultimate power over the city and can overrule local laws. D.C. residents pollnot vote, Generally speakingcongressmanto the House of Representatives, but the district is not represented in itsenate. The district voters choose threepresidential electionaccording to lawTwenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961.

  • 1 story
  • 1.1 Platform
    1.2 Fires during the War of 1812
    1.3 Renovation and Civil War
    1.4 Growth and Reorganization
    1.5 Civil Rights and State Time
  • 2 geography
  • 2.1 Climate
  • 3 cityscapes
  • 3.1 Architecture
  • 4 demographics
  • 4.1 Offenses
  • 5 economies
  • 6 culture
  • 6.1 Milestones
    6.2 Museums
    6.3 Art
    6.4 Sports
  • 7 means
  • 8 Government and Politics
  • 8.1 Policy
    8.2 Budgeting Issues
    8.3 Voting Rights Debate
    8.4 Sister Cities
  • 9 education
  • 9.1 Higher Education
  • 10 infrastructure
  • 10.1 Transportation
    10.2 Utilities
  • 11 See more
  • 12 notes
  • 13 references
  • 14 External links

story

History of Washington DCWashington DC TimelineDistrict of Columbia (until 1871)List of capitals in the United States § Capitals of the United States

The different tribes ofAlgonquin-to speakThe Piscataways(aka Conoy) inhabits the surrounding landsthe Potomacwhen Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th centuryNacotchtank(aka Nacostines fromCatholic missionary) the settlements are maintained all aroundAnacostia Riverin what is now the District of Columbia. conflict withEuropean colonizationand neighboring tribes were forced to relocate the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement nearby in 1699Point of the Rocks, Maryland.[18]

Violently carried out on October 6thPennsylvania Rebellion of 1783arrivePrinceton, New Jersey, the National Assembly decides alone in a plenary committee to consider and respect a permanent residence of the National Assembly.[19]Morning,Elbridge Gerryconferred by Massachusetts, “that buildings for the use of Congress may be erected on the banks of the Delaware near Trenton or the Potomac near Georgetown, provided that a suitable county on any of the above rivers may be acquired for a federal city”.[20]

In hisFederalist number 43, published January 23, 1788,JamesMadisonargued that the new federal government would need authority over the state capital to see to its own upkeep and security.[21]ThatPennsylvania Rebellion of 1783, stressing the need for national government not to depend on any state to ensure its own security.[22]

Article One, Section Eight, Laterstructureauthorizes the creation of a “county (not exceeding ten square miles) which, by concession by certain states and with the approval of Congress, may become the seat of government of the United States of America”.[23]However, the constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is called nowCompromise 1790, Madison,Alexander Hamilton, andThomas Jeffersonagreed that the federal government would pay the remainder from each staterevolutionary warDebt in exchange for founding a new national capital inSouth America.[24][a]

Found

On July 9, 1790, Congress passedimmigration laws, approved the establishment of the state capitalthe Potomac. The exact location was chosen by the Presidentgeorge washington, who signed the law on July 16. Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the original shape of the federal district was a square, measuring 10 miles on each side (16 (16 . km.)), totaling 100 square miles (259 km2).[25][b]

Two pre-existing settlements were incorporated into the area: HafenGeorgetown, Maryland, founded in 1751,[26]and port cityAlexandria, Va, was founded in 1749.[27]In 1791–92 a team was underAndrew Ellicott, including Ellicott’s brothersJosephandBenjaminand African Americanastronomers Benjamin Banner, measured and placed the borders of the federal statelandmarkat each mile point.[28]Many stones are still standing.[29]

A newfederal citylater built on the north bank of the Potomac just east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, three commissioners who oversaw the construction of the capital named the city in honor of President Washington. On the same day, the federal district was given the name Columbia (a feminine form of “Columbus”), Whicha poetic name of the United Stateswas common at the time.[30][thirty-one]Congress held its first session there on November 17, 1800.[32][33]

Parliament passedDistrict of Columbia Organic Act of 1801officially organizes the county and subordinates the entire territorymonopoly controlthe federal government. In addition, the area within the district is divided into two districts:Washington Countyto the east (or north) of the Potomac andDistrict of Alexandriawest (or south).[34]After the passage of this law, citizens residing in the county were no longer considered residents of Maryland or Virginia, ending their representation in Congress.[35]

Burned in the War of 1812

War of 1812

Battle of Bladensburg

On August 24-25, 1814 in a raid known asburn Washington, British troops invaded the capitalWar of 1812. ThatCapitol,treasury, andThe White Housewas burned and gutted during the attack.[36]Most government buildings were quickly repaired; However, the Capitol was mostly under construction at the time and was not completed in its current form until 1868.[37]

Renovation and Civil War

Refranchised by the District of ColumbiaWashington, D.C. during the American Civil War

AbrahamLincolnDome of the United States CapitolAmerican Civil War

In the 1830s, the area south of Alexandria County fell into recession, in part due to congressional neglect.[38]The city of Alexandria is a big market in Americaslave tradeand pro-slavery residents feared itabolitionistsin Congress willend slaveryin the district, further reducing the economy. The citizens of Alexandria asked Virginia to take back the land they had donated founding the county, through a process known asconcessions.[39]

ThatVirginia General Assemblyvoted to return Alexandria in February 1846. On July 9, 1846, Congress agreed to return all territories ceded by Virginia. Therefore, the district’s territory includes only the portion originally donated by Maryland.[38]confirmation of the Alexandrian fear of slavery,Compromise of 1850banned the slave trade in the county, although he was not a slave himself.[40]

The explosion ofAmerican Civil WarIn 1861, the expansion of the federal government led to a significant increase in the county’s population, including large numbers of freed slaves.[41]chairmanAbrahamLincolnsignedCompensation Exemption ActIn 1862 he ended slavery in the District of Columbia and freed approximately 3,100 enslaved people nine months earlierDeclaration of Exemption.[42]1868 the National Assembly at the district levelAfrican AmericanMale residents have the right to vote in municipal elections.[41]

growth and new development

By 1870, the county’s population had grown 75% from the last census to nearly 132,000 residents.[43]Despite the city’s growth, Washington still has unpaved roads and lacks basic sanitation. Some members of Congress suggested moving the capital further west, but the PresidentUlysses S Grantrefuses to consider such an offer.[44]

Parliament passedOrganic Law of 1871, repealed the individual charters of the cities of Washington and GeorgetownWashington County, and established a new territorial government for the entire District of Columbia.[45]

After the reorganization, President Grant appointedAlexander Robey Schaeferbecame governor of the District of Columbia in 1873. Shepherd commissioned large-scale projects to modernize the city of Washington, but the county government eventually went bankrupt. In 1874, Congress replaced territorial administration with a three-member Council of Commissioners.[forty six]

citythe first electric cars with enginesbegan serving in 1888. They generated growth in areas of the county beyond the original boundaries of the city of Washington. Washington’s urban planning expanded to include the entire county in the following decades.[47]Georgetown’s street grid and other administrative details were legally incorporated into the City of Washington grid in 1895.[48]However, the city has poor housing conditions and stressful public facilities. The county is the country’s premier city to experienceurban renewalProjects within “Beautiful Cities Movement”In the early 1900s.[49]

Increased federal spending as a resultNew transactionled to the construction of new government buildings, monuments and museums in the county in the 1930s,[50]although the chairman of the House Subcommittee on County AppropriationsRoss A Collinsout ofMississippiappropriate cuts in welfare and education funds for local residents, saying, “My voters will not support spending money on counterfeiters.”[51]

Second World Warfurther strengthening of government business, increase in the number of federal employees in the capital;[52]By 1950, the district’s population peaked at 802,178 people.[43]

Civil rights and the age of the state

Lincoln Memorial Reflecting PoolMarch on Washington

ThatTwenty-third Amendment to the United States ConstitutionRatified in 1961, granting the district three voteselectoral collegefor president and vice president election, but still no voting representation in Congress.[53]

According toThe assassination of civil rights activist Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., on April 4, 1968,Riots broke out in the district, mainly in the U Street, 14th Street, 7th Street, and H Street corridors, the heart of the black residential and business districts. The riots lasted three days until more than 13,600 federal troops and the D.C. Army National Guard. prevent violence. Many shops and other buildings burned; Reconstruction was not completed until the late 1990s.[54]

In 1973 the National Assembly promulgatedDistrict of Columbia Home Rules Act, which provides for an elected mayor and a thirteen-member school district council.[55]1975,Walter Washingtonbecame the borough’s first elected and first black mayor.[56]

geography

Geography of Washington DC

Washington, D.C. is located in Washington Metropolitan Area

KalvertKarlFrederickMontgomeryPrince GeorgesAlexandriaarlingtonClarkeFairfaxFairfax CountyIf churchfauquierLoudounManassasManassas ParkPrince WilliamSpotted SylvaniaStaffordFriedrichsburglabyrinthjeffersonclass = notpageimage |Washington metropolitan area

[16]

ESA

Washington, D.C. is located inmid-Atlantic regionlaterUS east coast. BecauseRefranchised by the District of ColumbiaThe city has a total area of ​​68.34 square miles (177 km²).2), of which 61.05 square miles (158.1 km2) is land and 7.29 square miles (18.9 km.)2) (10.67%) is water.[57]Adjoining districtsMontgomery County, Marylandto the northwest;Prince George County, Marylandeastward;Arlington County, Virginiain the West; andAlexandria, VaSouth. Washington, DC, 38 miles (61 km) awayBaltimore, 124 miles (200 km) fromPhiladelphia, 227 miles (365 km) fromNYC, 242 miles (389 km) fromPittsburgh, 384 miles (618 km) fromCharlotteand 439 miles (707 km) fromBoston.

south shore ofthe Potomacforms the county line with Virginia and has two main branches:Anacostia RiverandRock Creek.[58] Tiberbach, a natural water spring that once flowed through itNational Center, which was completely enclosed underground in the 1870s.[59]The creek is also part of theWashington City Canal, which provided passage through the city to the Anacostia River from 1815 through the 1850s.[60]ThatChesapeake and Ohio Canalstarted in Georgetown and was used as a passport in the 19th centuryLittle waterfallof the Potomac River, on the northwestern edge of WashingtonStream falls on the Atlantic coast.[sixty one]

The highest natural elevation in the district is 125 m.Above the sea levelinFort Reno Parkin upper northwest Washington.[62]The lowest point is sea level at the Potomac River.[63]The geographic center of Washington is near the intersection of 4th Street and NW Road.[sixty-four][65][66]

The district has 7,464 acres (30.21 km²).2) of parkland, about 19% of the city’s total area and the second-highest percentage of any densely populated US city.[sixty-seven]This factor helped Washington, D.C. ranked third for park quality and accessibility in the 2018 ParkScore ranking of the park systems of the 100 most populous US cities nationwide, according to the nonprofit organizationtrust for public land.[68]

ThatNational Park Servicemanages most of the 9,122 acres (36.92 km²).2) of community lands owned by the United States government.[69] Rock Creek Parkis 7.10 km in size2) urban forest in northwestern Washington, extending 15.0 km through a creek valley bisecting the city. Established in 1890, it is the fourth oldest national park in the country and home to a wide variety of flora and fauna including raccoons, deer, owls and coyotes.[70]Other National Park Service properties includeOLD, thatNational Mall and Memorial Park,Theodore Roosevelt Island,Columbia Island,Fort Dupont Park,Meridian Hill Park,Kenilworth Park and Aquarium, andAnacostia Park.[71]ThatDC Department of Parks and Recreation.maintains the city’s 900 acres (3.6 km).2) of sports and playgrounds, 40 swimming pools and 68 recreation centers.[72]ThatUnited States Department of Agricultureoperates 446 acres (1.80 km.)2)US National Arboretumin northeast Washington.[seventy-three]

climate

Washington is inhumid subtropical climateRegion (Koppen:cfa).[74]ThatClassification by Trewarthais defined as amarine climate(To do).[75]Cool to cold winters with light snowfall are more common, but heavy snowfall is not uncommon, and summers are hot and humid. District is vegetativepoor area8a near the city center and zone 7b in other parts of the city indicate a humid subtropical climate.[76]

Spring and fall are mild to warm, while winters are cool to cold, with an average annual snowfall of 39 cm.[77]

Summers are hot and humid with an average July daily temperature of 79.8°F (26.6°C) and an average daily relative humidity of about 66%, which can cause moderate discomfort. The heat index regularly reaches 38 °C in midsummer.[78]The combination of heat and humidity brings very frequent thunderstorms in summer, some of which produce occasional tornadoes in the area.[79]

Snowstorms hit Washington every four to six years on average. The most intense storms are called “north easter’, which mostly affects large parts of the east coast.[80]Out ofJanuary 27-28, 1922the city officially received 28 inches (71 cm) of snow, the largest snowstorm since official measurements began in 1885.[81]According to records at the time, the city received between 30 and 36 inches (76 and 91 cm) from a snowstorm in January 1772.[82]

Washington MonumenttideNational Cherry Blossom Festival

Hurricanes (or their remnants) occasionally haunt the area in late summer and early fall. However, they are often weak by the time they reach Washington, in part due to the city’s inland location.[83]However, flooding of the Potomac River, caused by a combination of high tides, high tides, and currents, has been known to cause extensive property damage in the area.george town.[84]

Precipitation occurs throughout the year.[85]

The highest recorded temperatures were 106 °F (41 °C) on August 6, 1918 and July 20, 1930.[eighty-six]while the lowest recorded temperature was -15 °F (-26 °C) aboveFebruary 11, 1899, shortly beforeGreat Storm of 1899.[80]In a typical year, the city averages about 37 days at or above 90 °F (32 °C) and 64 nights at or below freezing (32 °F or 0 °C).[eighty seven]On average, the first day with a minimum stop is equal or lower than November 18 and the last is March 27.[88][89]

vteClimate data for Washington, D.C. (Reagan National Airport), 1991–2020 standard, [c] extreme 1871-present [d]
Month January February To damage April Can June July August September October November December Five
Record High °F (°C) 79 (26) 84 (29) 93 (34) 95 (35) 99 (37) 104 (40) 106 (41) 106 (41) 104 (40) 98 (37) 86 (30) 79 (26) 106 (41)
Maximum means °F (°C) 66.7 (19.3) 68.1 (20.1) 77.3 (25.2) 86.4 (30.2) 91.0 (32.8) 95.7 (35.4) 98.1 (36.7) 96.5 (35.8) 91.9 (33.3) 84.5 (29.2) 74.8 (23.8) 67.1 (19.5) 99.1 (37.3)
Average High °F (°C) 44.8 (7.1) 48.3 (9.1) 56.5 (13.6) 68.0 (20.0) 76.5 (24.7) 85.1 (29.5) 89.6 (32.0) 87.8 (31.0) 80.7 (27.1) 69.4 (20.8) 58.2 (14.6) 48.8 (9.3) 67.8 (19.9)
Daily Average °F (°C) 37.5 (3.1) 40.0 (4.4) 47.6 (8.7) 58.2 (14.6) 67.2 (19.6) 76.3 (24.6) 81.0 (27.2) 79.4 (26.3) 72.4 (22.4) 60.8 (16.0) 49.9 (9.9) 41.7 (5.4) 59.3 (15.2)
Moderate Low °F (°C) 30.1 (−1.1) 31.8 (−0.1) 38.6 (3.7) 48.4 (9.1) 58.0 (14.4) 67.5 (19.7) 72.4 (22.4) 71.0 (21.7) 64.1 (17.8) 52.2 (11.2) 41.6 (5.3) 34.5 (1.4) 50.9 (10.5)
Minimum Average °F (°C) 14.3 (-9.8) 16.9 (−8.4) 23.4 (−4.8) 34.9 (1.6) 45.5 (7.5) 55.7 (13.2) 63.8 (17.7) 62.1 (16.7) 51.3 (10.7) 38.7 (3.7) 28.8 (-1.8) 21.3 (-5.9) 12.3 (−10.9)
Record Low °F (°C) −14 (−26) −15 (−26) 4 (-16) 15 (-9) 33 (1) 43 (6) 52 (11) 49 (9) 36 (2) 26 (–3) 11 (-12) −13 (−25) −15 (−26)
Rainfall average inches (mm) 2.86 (73) 2.62 (67) 3.50 (89) 3.21 (82) 3.94 (100) 4.20 (107) 4.33 (110) 3.25 (83) 3.93 (100) 3.66 (93) 2.91 (74) 3.41 (87) 41.82 (1,062)
Average snowfall in inches (cm). 4.9 (12) 5.0 (13) 2.0 (5.1) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.1 (0.25) 1.7 (4.3) 13.7 (35)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.7 9.3 11.0 10.8 11.6 10.6 10.5 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.4 10.1 117.7
Average snow days (≥ 0.1 inch) 2.8 2.7 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3 8.0
Average relative humidity (%) 62.1 60.5 58.6 58.0 64.5 65.8 66.9 69.3 69.7 67.4 64.7 64.1 64.3
Average Dew Point °F (°C) 21.7 (-5.7) 23.5 (-4.7) 31.3 (−0.4) 39.7 (4.3) 52.3 (11.3) 61.5 (16.4) 66.0 (18.9) 65.8 (18.8) 59.5 (15.3) 47.5 (8.6) 37.0 (2.8) 27.1 (−2.7) 44.4 (6.9)
Average monthly hours of sunshine 144.6 151.8 204.0 228.2 260.5 283.2 280.5 263.1 225.0 203.6 150.2 133.0 2,527.7
Average daily hours during the day 9.8 10.8 12.0 13.3 14.3 14.9 14.6 13.6 12.4 11.2 10.1 9.5 12.2
Percentage of possible sunshine 48 50 55 57 59 sixty-four 62 62 60 59 50 45 57
Average UV index 2 3 5 7 8th 9 9 8th 7 4 3 2 6
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990) [87] [91] [85] [92]
Source 2: Weather map (UV and daylight hours) [93]

cityscapes

The streets and highways of Washington, D.C.Neighborhoods in Washington DCList of tallest buildings in Washington DC

The L’Enfant PlanAndrew Ellicott

Washington, D.C., is aplanning city. 1791 authorized President WashingtonPierre (Peter) Charles L’Enfant, a French architect and urban planner, to design the new capital. He joined the Scottish surveyorAlexander Ralphstonto help with the creation of the city map.[ninety four]ThatThe L’Enfant PlanCharacteristic wide streets and boulevards emanate from the rectangles, providing open spaces and landscaping.[95]He based his designs on plans from cities likeParis,Amsterdam,Karlsruhe, andMilanthatThomas Jeffersonsent him.[96]L’Enfant’s design also envisioned a tree-lined “boulevard” approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) long and 400 feet (120 m) wide in what is now the National Mall.[97]President Washington dismissed L’Enfant in March 1792 due to conflicts with the three commissioners appointed to oversee the construction of the capital.Andrew Ellicott, who had worked with L’Enfant to survey the city and was then put in charge of completing the design. Although Ellicott made changes to the original plans – including changing some street patterns – L’Enfant is still credited with the overall design of the town.[98]

A tall building pictured from ground level.

Apartment building in CairoDupont circleBuilding Height Limit

By the early 20th century, L’Enfant’s vision of a great national capital was marred by slums and haphazardly placed buildings, including a train station on the National Mall. Congress established a special commission tasked with beautifying Washington’s ceremonial core.[49]The so-calledThe McMillan Planwas completed in 1901 and included the redesign of the Capitol grounds and the National Mall, the clearance of the slums, and the establishment of a new citywide park system. This plan is said to have preserved much of L’Enfant’s intended design.[95]

By law, Washington’s skyline is low and long. FederationBuilding Height Act of 1910Buildings may not be taller than the width of the adjacent street plus 20 feet (6.1 m).[99]Contrary to popular belief, there are no laws limiting buildings to the height of the United States Capitol, or 555 feet (169 m).Washington Monument,[66]which remains the tallest building in the county. City leaders have criticized the height restriction as a primary reason the county has limited affordable housing and transportation issues due to its suburban sprawl.[99]

The district is divided intofour quadrantsof unequal surfaces:Northwest (NW),Northeast (NE),Southeast (DN), andSouthwest (SW). Axes encircle the quadrants radiating from the United States Capitol Building.[100]All street names include quadrant abbreviations to indicate their location, and house numbers usually correspond to the number of blocks from the Capitol. Most streets are laid out in a grid pattern, with east-west streets named with letters (e.g. C Street SW Street) and north-south streets named with numbers (e.g. 4th Street NW) and diagonal avenues , many of which arenamed after the state.[100]

Georgetown neighborhoodfederal styleChesapeake and Ohio Canal

The city of Washington is bordered to the north by Boundary Street (renamed toFlorida Avenue1890), Rock Creek to the west, and the Anacostia River to the east.[47][95]Beginning in 1888, Washington’s road network was expanded to include the entire county whenever possible.[101] Streets of Georgetownwas renamed in 1895.[48]Some streets are particularly noteworthy, such asPennsylvania Ave– which connects the White House to the Capitol, andKY street—Here are the offices of many lobby groups.[102] Constitution AvenueandIndependent Avenue, located north and south of the National Mall, is home to many of Washington’s famous museums, includingSmithsonian InstitutionBuilding,National Archives building. Washington hosts 177foreign embassies, which includes approximately 297 buildings in addition to more than 1,600 foreign-owned residential properties, many of which are located on parts of theMassachusetts Aveknown by the unofficial nameembassy store.[103]

architecture branch

Meridian Hill ParkColumbia Plateau

Washington’s architecture is very diverse. Six of the top 10 buildings inAmerican Institute of Architects”Ranking 2007 by”America’s favorite architecture”in the District of Columbia:[104]thatThe White House, thatWashington National Cathedral, thatThomas Jefferson memorial, thatUnited States Capitol, thatLincoln Memorial, andVietnam Veterans Memorial. Neoclassical, Georgian, Gothic, and Modern architectural styles are all reflected in these six buildings and many other prominent Washington residences. Notable exceptions are buildings constructed in FranceSecond Empirestyles likeEisenhower’s Executive Office Building.[105]

Outside of downtown Washington, architectural styles are even more diverse. Historic buildings designed primarily inQueen Anne,Chateauesque,Richardsonian Romanesque, the Georgian Renaissance,Beaux Arts, and many kindsVictorian eraStyle. Townhouses are particularly prominent in areas developed after, and often after, the Civil Warfederalistand late Victorian designs.[106]GeorgetownsOld stone houseIt was built in 1765 and is the oldest original building in the city.[107]founded in 1789,Georgetown Universityhas a mixture of Romanesque andNeo-Gothic architecture.[105]ThatRonald Reagan Buildingis the largest building in the county with a total area of ​​approximately 3.1 million square feet (288,000 m²).2).[108]

Demographic

Demographics of Washington DC

historical population
census Pop music. % ±
1800 8.144
1810 15,471 90.0%
1820 23,336 50.8%
1830 30,261 29.7%
1840 33,745 11.5%
1850 51,687 53.2%
1860 75,080 45.3%
1870 131,700 75.4%
1880 177,624 34.9%
1890 230,392 29.7%
1900 278,718 21.0%
1910 331,069 18.8%
1920 437,571 32.2%
1930 486,869 11.3%
1940 663,091 36.2%
1950 802.178 21.0%
1960 763,956 −4.8%
1970 756,510 −1.0%
1980 638,333 −15.6%
1990 606,900 −4.9%
2000 572,059 −5.7%
2010 601,723 5.2%
year 2020 689,545 14.6%
Source: [109] [e] [43] [110] Note: [f] 2010–2020 [2]
profile Year 2020 [112] 2010 [113] 1990 [114] 1970 [114] 1940 [114]
White 39.6% 38.5% 29.6% 27.7% 71.5%
—Non-Hispanic whites 38.0% 34.8% 27.4% 26.5% [115] 71.4%
Black or African American 41.4% 50.7% 65.8% 71.1% 28.2%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 11.3% 9.1% 5.4% 2.1% [115] 0.1%
Asia 4.8% 3.5% 1.8% 0.6% 0.2%

ThatU.S. Census BureauIt is estimated that the population of the entire district is 705,749 people as of July 2019, an increase of more than 100,000 people in comparisonUnited States Census 2010. Measured decade by decade, this continues a growth trend since the year 2000, after half a century of population decline.[116]However, on an annualized basis, the July 2019 census figures show a population decline of 16,000 people over the previous 12 months.[117]Washington is24th most populous placein the United States as of 2010[To update].[118]According to 2010 data, suburban commuters add more than a million to the county’s daytime population.[119]If the county were a state, it would hold a rank49th in terms of population, frontVermontandWyoming.[120]

ThatWashington metropolitan area, which includes the county and surrounding suburbsFriday bigMetropolitan area in the United States with an estimated six million inhabitants in 2014.[121]If the Washington area is includedBaltimoreand its suburbs,Baltimore – Washington metropolitan areahave a population of more than 9.8 million inhabitants by 2020,third largestgeneral statistical area of ​​the country.[122]

According to 2017 Census Bureau data, the population of Washington, D.C. is 47.1% Black or African American, 45.1% White (36.8% White non-American), 4.3% Hispanic .Asia, 0.6% Native American or Alaskan and 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. People of two or more races make up 2.7% of the population. Hispanics of any race make up 11.0% of the county’s population.[120]

White

Black

Asia

Spanish

Miscellaneous

Washington had onesizable African American populationsince the founding of the city.[123]Between 1800 and 1940, African American residents made up about 30% of the county’s total population.[43]The black population peaked at 70% in 1970 but has since declined as more African Americans move to the surrounding suburbs. Partly the result ofgentrification, where the non-Hispanic white population increased 31.4% between 2000 and 2010 and the black population decreased 11.5%.[124]According to a study by the National Community Reinvestment Alliance, D.C. has undergone a more “intense” classification than any other American city, with 40% of its neighborhoods undergoing equitization.[125]

About 17% of D.C. residents 18 years or younger in 2010, 24% below the US average. However, at 34, the county has the lowest median age of the 50 states.[126]From 2010[To update], which is estimated at about 81,734immigrantlive in washington dc[127]Major sources of immigration includeElSalvador,Vietnam, andEthiopia, with a Salvadoran emphasis increate satisfactionNeighbor.[128]

The researchers found that there were 4,822 same-sex couples in the District of Columbia in 2010, about 2% of all households.[129]Lawallow same-sex marriagewas approved in 2009, and the district began issuing marriage certificates to same-sex couples in March 2010.[130]

A 2007 report found that about a third of the county’s residentsFunction illiterate, compared to the national rate of about one-fifth. This is believed to be partly due to the immigrants’ lack of English skills.[131]From 2011[To update]85% of DC residents years old 5 years and older speak English as the main language at home.[132]In 2006, half of the residents had at least a four-year university degree.[127]In 2017, the median household income in D.C. is $77,649;[133]Also 2017 residents of D.C.personal income per capitais $50,832 (higher than any of the 50 states).[133][134]However, in 2005, 19% of residents lived below the poverty line, more than in any other stateMississippi. In 2019, the poverty rate was 14.7%.[135][G][137]

Of the district’s population, 17% arebaptist, 13% areCatholic, 6% isevangelization, 4% isappraisal house, 3 isEpiscopal/Anglican, 3 isJewish, 2% isEastern Orthodoxy, 1 isquinquagenar, 1 isBuddhists, 1 isadventist, 1 isLutheran, 1 isIslam, 1 isolder, 1 isMormonand 1% isHindus.[138][H]

From 2010[To update], more than 90% of D.C. residents have health insurance, the second highest rate nationwide. This is partly because city programs help provide coverage to people on low incomes who do not qualify for other types of coverage.[139]A 2009 report found that at least three percent of the district’s residents were infected with HIV or AIDS.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) is characterized as a “general and severe” epidemic.[140]

crime

Crime in Washington DCList of law enforcement agencies in the District of Columbia

DC PoliceHarley-Davidson

Crime in Washington, D.C. focuses on areas associated with poverty, substance abuse and gangs. A 2010 study found that 5 percent of roadblocks were responsible for more than 25 percent of the county’s total crime.[141]

The more affluent neighborhoods of Northwest Washington are generally safe, particularly in areas with a high concentration of government activity, such as the United StatesDowntown Washington DC,fog below,embassy store, and the Penn Quarter, but reports of rising violent crime in poorer neighborhoods are generally concentrated in the eastern part of the city.[141]About 60,000 residents are former prisoners.[142]

In 2021, annual homicides continue to trend upwards, totaling 226, a significant increase from the previous low.[143]In 2012, the annual number of homicides in Washington fell to 88, the lowest number since 1961.[144]Washington was once dubbed the “murder capital” of the United States in the early 1990s.[145]The number of murders peaked at 479 in 1991, but after that the violence began to drop dramatically.[146]

In 2016, the county’s Metropolitan Police Department counted 135 homicides, up 53% from 2012 but down 17% from 2015.[147]Many neighborhoods likeColumbia Plateauandlogan circlebecomes safer and more alive. However, robberies and theft are still higher in these areas due to increased nightlife and a larger population of affluent residents.[148]Despite this, citywide reports of property and violent crime have almost halved since the last peaks in the mid-1990s.[149]

On June 26, 2008,Supreme Court of the United States of Americaheld atDistrict of Columbia is suing HellerIt’s 1976 in towngun baninjurethe right to keep and bear armsas protected underSecond Amendment.[150]However, the ruling does not ban all forms of gun control; Gun registration requirements still apply, as does the city’s assault weapon ban.[151]

Outside the district’s own areaMetropolitan Police Department, muchfederal law enforcement agencyalso has authority in the city – most obviouslyUS Park Police, was founded in 1791.[152]

So economical

Washington, D.C. based companyNon-profit organizations based in Washington, D.C.

federal triangleConstitution AvenuePennsylvania Avefederal government of the United States

Washington has a growing, diverse economy with a growing proportion of professional and business services jobs.[153]The district’s gross government product for the second quarter of 2018 was $141 billion.[154]The gross product of the Washington metro area was $435 billion in 2014, making it thatsixth largest urban economyin the USA.[155]From 2009 to 2016, Washington’s GDP per capita was consistently the highest of any US state.[156]In 2016, GDP per capita was $160,472, almost three times higher thanMassachusetts, in second place nationwide.[156]From 2011[To update], Washington D.C. Region has an unemployment rate of 6.2%; second lowest rate of 49largest metropolitan areain the country.[157]The District of Columbia itself had an unemployment rate of 9.8% during the same period.[158]

As of December 2017, 25% of employees in Washington, D.C. employed by a federal agency.[159][160]This is expected to be Washington, D.C. plunge into a national recession as the federal government continues to function during a recession.[161]Many organizations such associety of law,defense contractor,civil contractor,nonprofit organizations,lobbying companies,union,Trade Industry Group, andprofessional associationare headquartered in or near Washington, D.C. in close proximity to the federal government.[102]city ​​ofRosslin, Va, across the Potomac River from D.C. located, serves as a base of operations for severalFortune 500 companies, due to building height restrictions in place in the District of Columbia. In 2018, Amazon announced that it would incorporate “HQ 2”.Crystal City neighborhoodfrom Arlington, Va.[162]

Tourism is Washington’s second largest industry. Approximately 18.9 million visitors contributed an estimated $4.8 billion to the local economy in 2012.[163]The district also has nearly 200 foreign embassies and international organizations such asWorld Bank, thatIMF(IMF),Organization of American States, thatInter-American Development Bank, andPan American Health Organization. 2008 abroaddiplomatic delegationin Washington employs approximately 10,000 people and contributes an estimated $400 million annually to the local economy.[103]

The district has growing sectors not directly related to the government, particularly in education, finance, public policy, and scientific research.Georgetown University,George Washington University,Washington Hospital Center,National Children’s Medical CenterandHoward Universityhave been the top five government-affiliated NGO employers in the city since 2009[To update].[164]According to statistics from 2011, four of500 largest companiesin the country is headquartered in the district.[165]In 2021Global Financial Center Index, Washington is the 14th most competitive financial center in the world and the 4th most competitive in the United States (afterNYC,san francisco, andLos Angeles).[166]

Cultural

The culture of Washington, D.C.

Puts

List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington DCList of National Historic Places in Washington DC

Lincoln Memorial

ThatNational Centeris a large, open park in downtown Washington betweenLincoln MemorialandUnited States Capitol. Given its importance, the mall is often the location ofpolitical protests, concerts, festivals etcInauguration of the President. ThatWashington MonumentandJefferson Piernear the center of the shopping center, south ofThe White House. Also on the Mall isNational World War II Memorialat the east end ofLincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool, thatKorean War Veterans Memorial, andVietnam Veterans Memorial.[167]

Directly south of the malltideare characterized by rows of Japanese cherry trees.[168]ThatFranklin Delano Roosevelt memorial,George Mason memorial, Jefferson Memorial,Monument to Martin Luther King Jr., andDistrict of Columbia War Memorialaround the Tidal Basin.[167]

ThatNational Archivescontains thousands of documents important to American history, includingDeclaration of Independence, the constitution andThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights.[169]Housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill,Library of Congressis the largest library complex in the world with a collection of more than 147 million books, manuscripts and other documents.[170]ThatUnited States Supreme Court buildingwas completed in 1935; The court was previously in sessionOld Senate Chamberof the Capitol.[171]

museum

List of Museums in Washington DC

Smithsonian InstitutionNational Center

[172]

ThatSmithsonian Institutionis an educational foundation recognized by Congress in 1846, which houses most of the country’s official museums and galleries in Washington, D.C. The Smithsonian is partially funded by the US government and its collections are open to the public free of charge.[173]Smithsonian sites had a total of 30 million visits in 2013. The most visited museum wasNational Museum of Natural Historyon the National Mall.[174]Other Smithsonian Institution museums and galleries in the mall include:National Air and Space Museum; thatNational Museum of African Art; thatNational Museum of American History; thatNational Museum of the American Indians; thatbanditandfree peopleGalleries focus on Asian art and culture; thatHirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden; thatart and industrial buildings; thatCenter S. Dillon Ripley; andSmithsonian Institution building(aka “Castle”), which serves as the organization’s headquarters.[175]ThatSmithsonian American Art MuseumandNational Portrait Galleryplaced inOld patent office building, near WashingtonChinatown.[176]ThatGallery RenwickOfficially part of the Smithsonian Museum of American Art but housed in a separate building near the White House. Other Smithsonian museums and galleries include:Community Museum of Anacostiain southeast Washington; thatNational Postal Museumnearunion station; andNational ZooinWoodley Park.[175]

National Art Gallery

ThatNational Art Galleryis located on the National Mall near the Capitol and features American and European artwork. The US government owns the gallery and its collections. However, they are not part of the Smithsonian Institution.[177]ThatNational Building Museum, is located in the former retirement home nearbySquare of Justice, authorized by Congress, and organizes exhibitions on architecture, urban planning and design.[178]

There are many private art museums in the District of Columbia that house large collections and exhibitions open to the public, such asNational Museum of Women in ArtandPhillips CollectioninDupont circle, America’s first modern art museum.[179]Other private museums in Washington includenews, thatO. Street Museum, thatInternational Spy Museum, thatNational Geographic SocietymuseumMuseum of the Bible. ThatAmerican Holocaust Memorial MuseumNear the National Mall are exhibits, documents, and artifacts related to the Holocaust.[180]

art

Theaters in Washington, D.CMusic of Washington DC

Kennedy Center for the Performing ArtsWashington National OperaNational Symphony Orchestra

Washington, D.C. is a national center for the arts. ThatJohn F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Artsis the house ofNational Symphony Orchestra, thatWashington National Opera, andWashington Ballet. ThatKennedy Center Honorsis awarded each year to those in the performing arts who have made a major contribution to the cultural life of the United States.[181]storyFord’s Theater, where the assassination of the President took placeAbrahamLincoln, continues to function as an active performance venue as well as a museum.[182]

ThatNaval BarracksnearCapitolthe home ofUnited States Navy Band; Founded in 1798, it is the oldest professional music organization in the country.[183] American march composerand a native of WashingtonJohn Philip Sousaled the Marine Band from 1880 to 1892.[184]founded in 1925,United States Navy Bandhas its headquarters inWashington Naval Yardand perform at official events and public concerts across the city.[185]Washington has a strong local theater tradition. founded in 1950,arena stagegarnered national attention and fueled the growth of the city’s independent theater movement, which today includes organizations likeShakespeare Theater Company,Woolly Mammoth Theater Company, andstudio theatre.[186]Arena Stage opens its newly renovated home in the up-and-coming part of the citySouthwest shore areain 2010.[187]ThatGALA Spanish Theater, now gone down in historyTivoli TheaterinColumbia Plateau, founded in 1976, is the National Center for the Performing Arts of Latino.[188]

ThatCorridor of U streetin Northwest D.C., known as “Washington’s Black Broadway”, is home to institutions such asHoward Theater,Bohemian Caves, andLincoln Theater, which is home to musical legends like Washington nativesDuke Ellington,John Coltrane, andmiles davis.[189]Washington has its own brand of native music, calledskateboard; a taste of rhythm and post-funk blues driven by percussion, popularized in the late 1970s by bandleaders D.C.Chuck Brown.[190]

The district is an important center forindie culture and musicin the USA. labelsDiscord.Record, formed byIan MacKaye, the leader offugazi, is one of the most important independent labels that emerged from punk in the 1980s and finally indie rock in the 1990s.[191]Modernsubstituteand indie music venues likeblack catandClub 9:30bring popular repertoire to the U Street area.[192]

Sports

Sports in Washington, DC

national parksnaval shipyardAnacostia Rivercitizens of Washington

Washington is one of 13 cities in the United States with a teamfrom all four major men’s professional sportsand hosts a large professional team of women. ThatWashington Wizard(National Basketball Association) andWashington Capitals(National Hockey League) playCapital One Arenain Chinatown. ThatWashington mystic(Women’s National Basketball Association) playsSt. Elizabeth’s East sports and entertainment arena.national parks, opened in Southeast D.C. in 2008 where there iscitizens of Washington(Major League Baseball).DC United(Major League Soccer) playAudi school. ThatWashington commanders(National Football League).FedExFieldin nearby Landover, Maryland.

Teams DC won a total of thirteen professional league championships: The Washington Football Team (later called the Washington Redskins) won five (including threeSuper Bowlin the 1980s);[193]DC United won four;[194]and the Washington Wizards (later the Washington Bullets), Washington Capitals, Washington Mystics, and Washington Nationals each won a single championship.[195][196]

Other professional and semi-professional teams in Washington include:DC defenders(XFL),Old Glory DC(Major Rugby League), thatWashington Castles(World TeamTennis); thatWashington, D.C. Hunter(American Football League); Baltimore Washington Eagles (Australian American Football League); thatDC divas(Independent Women’s Football League); andPotomac RFC Sports Club(Super Rugby League). ThatThe William H.G. FitzGerald Tennis Centerheld at Rock Creek ParkCity open. Washington is also home to two major annual marathons:The Navy Marathon, held every fall, andUS rock ‘n’ roll marathonheld in spring. The Marine Corps Marathon began in 1976 and is sometimes referred to as the “People’s Marathon” because it is the largest marathon with no prize money for participants.[197]

district fourNCAA First LeagueTeam,Eagle of America,George Washington Colonial Style,Georgetown HoyasandHoward Bison and Lady Bison, has a large following. ThatGeorgetown Hoyas Men’s BasketballThe most notable team and also plays at Capital One Arena. From 2008 to 2012, the district hosted the annual eventcollege football bowl gameinRFK Stadium, namedEight troops.[198]The D.C. district is home to a regional sports television network,Comcast SportsNet(CSN) based in Bethesda, Maryland.

media

Media in Washington, DCList of newspapers in Washington DCList of films made in Washington DC to playList of television shows broadcast in Washington DC to play

A Franklin place

Washington Post

Franklin Square

Washington, D.C. is a major center for national and international communications.Article from Washington, founded in 1877, is the oldest and most widely read local newspaper in Washington.[199]”article’, as it is popularly known, is famous as the newspaper that uncoveredwater gate scandal.[200]In 2011, it had the sixth highest readership of all daily newspapers in the country.[201]From 2003 to 2019,Washington Post companypublished a free daily commuter newspaper calledDemonstrate, which brings together events, sports and entertainment;[202]it still publishes articles in SpanishEl Tiempo Latino.

Another popular daytime spot isWashington Times, the city’s second popular newspaper and also an influential newspaper in conservative political circles.[203]Thatweekly change Paper City Washingtonalso has a sizeable readership in the Washington area.[204][205]

Watergate Complexwater gate scandalPresident Nixon

Multiple professional and community articles focused on cultural and community issues, including the weekWashington bladeandWeekly subway, which focuses on LGBT issues; thatWashington informantandAfrican Americans in Washington, which highlights issues of interest to the black community; and neighboring newspapers published byCurrent Newspapers.Congress quarterly,hill,PoliticallyandparticipationThe press focuses exclusively on matters affecting Congress and the federal government. Other Washington-based publications includeNational GeographyMagazines and political publications such asJudge Washington,New RepublicandWashington Monthly.[206]

The Washington D.C. Region is the ninth largest market for broadcast media in the United States, with two million households representing approximately 2% of the country’s population.[207]Several media companies and cable channels are headquartered in the region, includingC SPAN;Black entertainment television(BET);radio one; thatNational Geographic Channel;Smithsonian Networks;National public radio station(NPR);travel channel(inChevy Chase, Maryland);Discovery Communication(inSilver Spring, Maryland); andPublic Broadcasting Service(PBS) (inArlington, Va). headquarters ofVoice of America Đài, the international intelligence agency of the United States government, near the US Capitol in southwest Washington.[208]

Washington has two local NPR offices,WAMUandWETA.

government and politics

Government of the District of Columbia

politics

Ruler of the District of ColumbiaList of Mayors of Washington, DCList of symbols of the District of ColumbiaUS Presidential Elections in the District of Columbia

Article One, Section Eight of the United States Constitutionto theUnited States Congress“exclusive jurisdiction” over the city. The district has no elected local government until its passageThe Family Rules Act 1973. The Act granted certain powers to Congress aElected Mayorand thirteen membersCouncil of the District of Columbia. However, Congress retains the power to review and repeal laws enacted by the council and to interfere in local affairs.[209]Washington, D.C. is overwhelmingdemocracy, has voted uncompromisingly for the Democratic presidential nomination since she was granted electoral votes1964.

Each of the eight citiesstationelects a single member of the council and residents elect the four largest members to represent the district as a whole. The chairman of the council is also elected in a big way.[210]There are 37Commission of Neighborhood Advisors(ANCs) are elected by small neighboring districts. The ANC can make recommendations on any matter affecting residents; Government agencies carefully consider their advice.[211]ThatAttorney General of the District of Columbiaelected for a term of four years.[212]

Washington DC look at everythingfederal holidayand celebrate tooday of liberationon April 16 to commemorate the end of slavery in the district.[42]ThatFlag of Washington, DC, adopted in 1938 and is a family variant of George WashingtonCoat of arms-.[213]

Same-sex marriagehas been legal in the district since 2010, andconversion therapyhas been banned since 2015.assisted deathis also allowed within the district, with a law legalizing the practice introduced in 2015, signed by the mayor.Muriel Bowserin 2016 and came into effect in 2017, which Washington, D.C. made it the seventh jurisdiction in the United States to legalize along with assisted suicideWashington,Oregon,California,Colorado,Hawaii,MontanaandVermont.[citation required]

Washington, D.C. was a member state ofCountries and popular organizations are not represented(UNPO) since 2015.[214]

idioms”Inside the belt”is a reference used by the media to describe discussions of national political issues in Washington by delineating geographic boundaries in relation to the area within the Ring of the Capitals, Far Away. The phrase is used as the title of several political columns and news sections of publications such as Populism.Washington Times.[215]

budget problem

John A. Wilson BuildingMayor of WashingtonCouncil of the District of Columbia

The mayor and council set local taxes and budgets for Congress to pass. ThatState Audit Officeand other analysts have estimated that the city’s high percentage of tax-exempt properties and Congress-imposed travel tax ban create a structural deficit in the county’s local budgets ranging from $470 million to $470 million to more than $1 billion per cause year . Congress often provides additional grants for federal programs such asMedicaidand activities oflocal judiciary; But analysts say the payments won’t completely fix the imbalance.[216][217]

The city’s local government, especially during the mayoral periodMarion Baerry, criticized for mismanagement and waste.[218]During his tenure in 1989Washington MonthlyThe magazine claimed the county had “the worst local government in America”.[219]In 1995, at the beginning of Barry’s fourth term, Congress was formedFinancial Regulator of the District of Columbiato oversee all city expenses.[220]mayorAnthony Williamswon the 1998 election and oversaw a periodurban renewaland budget surplus.

The district regained control of its finances in 2001 and its board of directors was suspended.[221]

The district has a federally funded “Security and Contingency Planning Fund” to pay for security related to visits by foreign leaders and diplomats, presidential inaugurations, protests and terrorism concerns. During the Trump administration, the fund ran a deficit. Trump’s inauguration in January 2017 cost the city $27 million; of which $7 million was never returned to the fund. Trump’s 2019 Independence Day event, “A Salute to America,” has cost more than six times what Independence Day events have over the years.[222]

Debate on the right to vote

Voting Rights of the District of ColumbiaThe Power of Political Parties in Washington, D.C.

Eisenhower’s Executive Office BuildingExecutive Office of the President of the United States

The district is not a state and therefore has no voting representation in Congress. D.C. residents pollDelegates do not votearrivelower house(DC by and large) who sit in committees, debate and legislate, but cannot votestilt house. The district has no official representation inUnited States Senate. Both rooms have no seats for the selected district”Shadow” representatives or senators. Unlike the residents ofUS Territorysuch asPuerto RicoorGuam, also has non-voting delegates, residents of D.C. subject to all federal taxes.[223]In fiscal year 2012, D.C. residents and businesses paid $20.7 billion in federal taxes, more than 19 states and the highestfederal tax per capita.[224]

A 2005 poll found that 78% of Americans were unaware that residents of the District of Columbia have less representation in Congress than residents of fifty states.[225]Efforts to raise awareness of the problem have included campaigns byBaseorganizations and name the city’s unofficial motto: “Taxes without representation”, AboveDC license plate.[226]There is evidence of statewide approval of voting rights in DC. Various polls show that 61 to 82% of Americans believe that D.C. should have voting representation in the National Assembly.[225][227]

Several approaches have been proposed over the years to address these concerns:

  • Statehood of the District of Columbia
  • : Virtually all of the District of Columbia will be
  • 51st state
  • like Washington, Douglass Commonwealth. The greatly shrunken District of Columbia would run west from Capitol Hill to the Potomac, including the White House and numerous federal buildings; No one resides permanently in this federal district.
  • [citation required]
  • District of Columbia subconcession to Maryland
  • : When
  • Arlington County
  • 1846 is traced back
  • Virginia
  • , proponents believe the rest of the District of Columbia will be returned (federal territory) except for a small strip of land around the Capitol and White House
  • Maryland
  • , allowing DC residents to become Maryland residents as before
  • immigration laws
  • in 1790.
  • [citation required]
  • District of Columbia Voting Change
  • : This option would allow DC residents to vote for their congressmen in Maryland or Virginia, with the District of Columbia remaining an independent entity. This was previously in effect from 1790 to 1801
  • Organic Law of 1801
  • .
  • [citation required]

Opponents of D.C. voting rights. suggest thatfounding patriarchCounty residents were never intended to have the right to vote in Congress, as the Constitution specifically states that representation must come from the states. Opponents of Putting D.C. stated that such a move would destroy the idea of ​​a separate national capital and that the state would be wrong to give city representation in the Senate.[228]

sister city

Washington, D.C. has fifteen officerssister cityOffers. Every city is listed as a national capital, with the exception of Sunderland, which the city is part ofWashington, the ancestral home of the George Washington family.[229]Both Paris and Rome are officially recognized as sister cities due to their special twinning policy.[230]Listed in the order in which each agreement was first entered into, they are:

  • Bangkok
  • , Thailand (1962, renewed in 2002 and 2012)
  • dakar
  • , Senegal (1980, renewed 2006)
  • Beijing
  • , China (1984, renewed in 2004 and 2012)
  • Brussels
  • , Belgium (1985, renewed in 2002 and 2011)
  • Athens
  • , Greece (2000)
  • Paris
  • France (2000 as a Friendship and Cooperation Agreement, renewed in 2005)
  • [230]
  • [231]
  • Pretoria
  • , South Africa (2002, renewed in 2008 and 2011)
  • Seoul
  • , South Korea (2006)
  • Accra
  • , Ghana (2006)
  • sunderland
  • , United Kingdom (2006, renewed 2012)
  • [229]
  • Roman
  • , Italy (2011, renewed 2013)
  • [230]
  • Ankara
  • , Turkey (2011)
  • Brazil
  • , Brazil (2013)
  • Addis Ababa
  • , Ethiopia (2013)
  • [232]
  • SanSalvador
  • , El Salvador (2018)

training

List of private schools and communities in Washington DC

Library of Congressworld’s largest library

[233]

District of Columbia Public Schools(DCPS) operates the city’s 123 public schools.[234]Student enrollment in DCPS steadily declined for 39 years through 2009. During the 2010-11 school year, 46,191 students were enrolled in the public school system.[235]DCPS has one of the most expensive yet underperforming school systems in the country, both in terms of infrastructure and student achievement.[236]Mayor Adrian Fenty’s government fundamentally changed the system, closing schools, replacing teachers, firing principals and using private education companies to help develop the curriculum.[237]

ThatBoard of Charter Schools of the District of Columbiaoversee 52 charter schools in the city.[238]Enrollment in public schools due to perceived problems with the traditional public school systemschool rulessteadily increased until 2007.[239]As of 2010, DC charter schools had a total enrollment of about 32,000, a 9% increase from the previous year.[235]The district is also home to 92 private schools, which enrolled about 18,000 students in 2008.[240]ThatDistrict of Columbia Public Libraryoperates 25 locations nearby including tourist attractionsMartin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library..[241]

university education

List of Colleges and Universities in Washington DC

Georgetown University

This includes private universitiesAmerican University(AU),Catholic University of America(CRAB),Gallaudet University,George Washington University(GW),Georgetown University(STYLE),Howard University(HU),Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies(SAIS) andTrinity Washington University. ThatCorcoran College of Art and Design, the capital’s oldest art college, merged with George Washington University in 2014 and now serves as an art college.[242]

ThatUniversity of the District of Columbia(UDC) is a companyLand Grant UniversityProvide undergraduate and graduate education. D.C. residents may also qualify for a stipend of up to $10,000 per year to help offset tuition at a public university in the country.[243]

The district is known for its medical research facilities such asWashington Hospital CenterandNational Children’s Medical Center, as well asNational Health InstituteinBethesda, Maryland. In addition, the city has three medical schools and affiliated teaching hospitals at George Washington University, Georgetown University, and Howard University.[244]

The infrastructure

Car

Transportation in Washington DC

Farragut westWashington subway

It’s 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of itstreets, parks and avenuesin the district.[245]BecauseRiot on the highway1960s, most proposalshighway systemThe crossing between Washington was never built.Highway 95(I-95), the nation’s east coast highway, therefore curves around the county to form the eastern portion of thecapital belt. Instead, part of the proposed highway funding was channeled into the region’s public transport infrastructure.[246]Interstate highways continue to Washington, includingI-66andI-395, both ending shortly after entering the city.[247]

ThatWashington Metropolitan Area Transportation Authority(WMATA) operationWashington subway, Cityfast deliverysystem as wellmetro bus. Both systems serve the county and its suburbs. Metro opened on March 27, 1976 and as of 2014[To update], consists91 stationsand 117 miles (188 km) of track.[248]With an average of around one million trips per weekday, Metro is thereSecond largest rapid transit systemdomestic. Metrobus serves more than 400,000 passengers every weekday and isfifth largest bus system.[249]The city also operates its ownDC circulatorBus system connecting commercial areas in central Washington.[250]

Washington Union Stationrail

union stationis the city’s main train station and serves around 70,000 people daily. That isAmtrakthe second largest terminal with 4.6 million passengers annually and the southern terminus forNortheast CorridorandAcela Expressstreets. MarylandMARCand VirginiasAERLocal trains and subwaysRed linealso offers service in Union Station.[251]After renovations in 2011, Union Station became Washington’s main stationintercity bustransit center.[252]

Three major airports serve the county. Next isRonald Reagan Washington National Airport, about 5 km from the city and mainly for domestic flights but the least frequented in the area. The busiest international flights areWashington Dulles International Airportlocated about 24 miles from the city center,[253]and is the busiest by total number of boarding passengersBaltimore/Washington International Airport, about 30 miles from town.[254]Each of these three airports also serves as a hub for a major American airline: Reagan is a small hub forAmerican Airlines,[255]Dulles is a major hub forUnited Airlinesandstar alliancePartner,[256]and BWI is an important focus city forSouthwest Airlines.[257]

According to a 2010 study, commuters in the Washington metro area spend 70 hours a year stuck in traffic, tying Chicago to some of the worst congestion in the country.[258]However, 37% of commuters in the Washington metro area use public transportation to get to work, the second-highest percentage nationwide.[259]12% more people walk in D.C. walking to work, 6% carpooling and 3% cycling in 2010.[260]A 2011 study byhiking spotshows that Washington is the seventh most pedestrian city in the country, with 80% of residents living in car-free neighborhoods.[261]In 2013, the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria metropolitan area (MSA) had the eighth-lowest percentage of workers who commute by car, at 8 (75.7 percent). percent of regional workers travel by rail.[262]

Transport use in the county is expected to increase by 32% by 2030, which has spurred constructionelectric vehicle DCSystem that connects the surroundings of the city.[263]An additionalsubway linewill connect Washington to Dulles Airport, which is expected to open as early as July 2021.[Update Required][264][265]A district is part of an areaCapital bike shareProgram. It was founded in 2010 and is one of theBike sharing systemin the country with more than 4,351 bikes and more than 395 stations,[266]all powered byPBSC Urban Solutions. As of 2012, the city’s network of marked bike lanes covered 56 miles (90 km) of streets.[267]

Utilities

Capitol Power PlantUnited States Capitol ComplexArchitect of the Capitol

ThatDistrict of Columbia Water and Sewerage Authority(meaning WASA or D.C. Water) is an independent agency of the D.C. government. supplydrinking waterand sewage collection in Washington. WASA buys water from historic sitesWashington Viaduct, operated byArmy Corps of Engineers. Water from the Potomac River is treated and stored in the cityDalekarlia,george town, andMcMillanreservoirs. The aqueduct provides drinking water to a total of 1.1 million people in the county and Virginia, including Arlington, Falls Church and parts of Fairfax County.[268]Authorities also offerwaste water treatmentServices an additional 1.6 million people in four counties surrounding Maryland and Virginia.[269]

Pepcois the city’s electric utility and service to 793,000 customers in the county and suburbs of Maryland.[270]The 1889 Act banned overhead electric wires in much of historic Washington City. As a result, in downtown Washington, all power lines and telecommunications cables are underground and traffic lights are curbside.[271]A plan announced in 2013 calls for burying an additional 97 km (60 miles) of power lines throughout the district.[272]

Washington Gasis citynature airutility company serving more than a million customers in the county and suburbs. Established by Congress in 1848, the company installed the city’s first gas lamps in the Capitol, the White House, and along Pennsylvania Avenue.[273]

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note

  1. ^
  2. By 1790, the southern states had repaid most of their foreign debt from the Revolutionary War. The northern states didn’t do this and wanted the federal government to take over their outstanding debt. Confederate congressmen approved the plan in exchange for creating a new state capital in their favorite spot on the Potomac River. [24]
  3. ^
  4. The Residency Act authorizes the President to select a site in Maryland as far east as the Anacostia River. However, Washington pushed the federal boundaries southeast, revolving them around the city of Alexandria at the county’s southern tip. In 1791, Congress amended the Residence Act to sanction the new site, including the territory ceded by Virginia. [25]
  5. ^
  6. Monthly average high and low values ​​(i.e. expected high and low temperature measurements each season or month) calculated based on data at this location from 1991 to 2020.
  7. ^
  8. Official Records from Washington, D.C. was stored at 24 and M Street NW from January 1871 to June 1945 and at Reagan National Airport from July 1945. [90]
  9. ^
  10. The total allocation is recorded by combining the resident population and the expatriate population. (For D.C., this is 689,545 residents and 1,988 overseas population.)
  11. ^
  12. By 1890, the Census Bureau counted the city of Washington, Georgetown, and unincorporated portions of Washington County as three separate areas. The pre-1890 data provided in this article is calculated as if the District of Columbia were a single municipality as it is today. Population data for each city before 1890 is available. [111]
  13. ^
  14. The United States Territories have the highest poverty rates in the United States. [136]
  15. ^
  16. These numbers count attendance, meaning that all full members, their children, and others attend ceremonies regularly. Across the county, 55% of the population adheres to a particular religion.

moderator

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Preceded by Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Capital of the United States of America 1800 – today Official

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Washington D.C. is situated on the east coast of the USA, along the banks of the Potomac River.

Most visitors begin at the National Mall. Zero Milestone is the proposed reference point for distances on all US maps. To the north is the White House. To the south stands the Washington Monument. The US Capitol Building, atop Capitol Hill, is the nation’s seat of federal government.

The Mall is also home to many of the nation’s Smithsonian buildings, including the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.

Reflecting Pool is surrounded by tributes to its heroes and founding fathers, including the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, and the Lincoln Memorial.

Washington D.C.’s Capital Bikeshare system makes it easy to reach downtown neighborhoods such as DuPont Circle and Foggy Bottom.

Georgetown is the oldest district in Washington D.C. Wisconsin Avenue and M Street have boutique stores and galleries. To the north is the National Cathedral, the Smithsonian National Zoo and the International Spy Museum.

Just across the Potomac is Arlington National Cemetery.

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Lyrics:

We’re the 8 Wards that makeup

Washington, D.C.

The capital of the USA

Is what we be

Washington, D.C.

Isn’t part of any state

And is one of the most visited cities in the world isn’t that great

I am Ward 1

I’m the smallest

in terms of land area

But I’m the most densely populated

ward in the District that I’ll share with ya

I am home to

Tivoli Theater, National Zoo

and Rock Creek Park,

Howard University,

And Meridian Hill

are all famous landmarks

How do you do

My name is Ward 2

most of Downtown DC sits within the confines of me

I am home to the White House and World War II Memorial

And the National Mall

which includes the

Washington Monument But that’s not all

You are really great to see

My name is Ward 3

I’m mostly a residential area located in the upper northwest quadrant of the city

Some of my attractions are Chevy Chase Park and Foxhall

Mazza Gallerie, the Avalon and Uptown Theatre, you can visit them all

I sure hope you’re not bored

Because my name is Ward 4

I’m the most northern part of Washington D.C. Maybe you’ve been here before

I’m mostly a Beautiful and diverse collection of neighborhoods

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Learn more about D.C.

After the chorus. Hope you sing loud and good

We’re the 8 Wards that makeup

Washington, D.C.

The capital of the USA

Is what we be

Washington, D.C.

Isn’t part of any state

And is one of the most visited cities in the world isn’t that great

Hi, my name is Ward 5. I’m happy to meet you and I hope you thrive

I’m in the Northeast part of D.C.

If you catch my jive

Ward 5’s extremely Diverse in character, history, and people you now know

I also have Lincoln’s Cottage, which sits in the Old Soldiers Home

My name is Ward 6

Thanks for adding me to the mix

Located in the center of the lower half of D.C. I am fixed

I’m the greatest Ward I have some cool places in this city

Including Capitol Hill, H Street, the and the Mount Vernon Triangle’s pretty

You may think you’ve reached heaven meeting me, I am Ward 7

I’m located on the east side of the city

visit I’m begging

I am home to green spaces such as Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens,

Watts Branch Park, and the Kingman Island

I am sure your times been great

Let me introduce Ward 8

I make up the southernmost point of the D.C. Wards I’m great

I’m Washington, D.C.

And not part of any States

I border Maryland, Virginia

And I’m the capital of the USA

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