Best 22 how many legs do a scorpion have

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how many legs do a scorpion have

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Scorpion – Wikipedia

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion – Wikipedia Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpiones. They have eight legs, and are easily recognized by a pair of grasping pincers and a narrow, …

  • Match the search results: The pedipalp is a segmented, clawed appendage used for prey immobilization, defense and sensory purposes. The segments of the pedipalp (from closest to the body outward) are coxa, trochanter, femur, patella, tibia (including the fixed claw and the manus) and tarsus (moveable claw). A scorpion has da…

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How many legs does a scorpion have? – IsEqualTo

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  • Summary: Articles about How many legs does a scorpion have? – IsEqualTo Scorpions are not insects but arachnids, like spiders, and have eight legs and two main body regions, the prosoma, or cephalothorax, and the opisthosoma, …

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    Scorpions are not insects but arachnids, like spiders, and have eight legs and two main body regions, the prosoma, or cephalothorax, and the opisthosoma, or abdomen.

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Scorpion – National Geographic Kids

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion – National Geographic Kids Scorpions are arachnids and have eight legs—just like spiders! Learn more amazing facts about these amazing creatures in this video from National Geographic …

  • Match the search results: Scorpions are arachnids and have eight legs like their cousins—spiders, mites, and ticks. They can quickly grab an insect with their pincers and whip their telson, the poisonous tip of their tail forward and sting their prey. They use their poison to kill prey and to defend against predators.

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Scorpion | San Diego Zoo Animals & Plants

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion | San Diego Zoo Animals & Plants Scorpions are not insects but arachnids, like spiders, and have eight legs and two main body regions, the prosoma, or cephalothorax, and the opisthosoma, …

  • Match the search results: The scorpion’s four pairs of legs are attached to the prosoma as well. Scorpions find their way through sensory structures in their legs, by feeling along with brush-like structures called pectines attached to the underside of the abdomen, and through fine sensory hairs to detect vibrations. Male sc…

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Scorpion Insect Facts – AZ Animals

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion Insect Facts – AZ Animals Technically, a scorpion has eight legs as it’s an arachnid, however, two of the legs actually work as pincers. Functionally, it appears as …

  • Match the search results: Technically, a scorpion has eight legs as it’s an arachnid, however, two of the legs actually work as pincers. Functionally, it appears as though the scorpion has three legs on each side of its body.

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scorpion | Description, Habitat, Species, Diet, & Facts

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  • Summary: Articles about scorpion | Description, Habitat, Species, Diet, & Facts Many of the thick-tailed scorpions (family Buthidae), however, actively search for prey. These species usually have long, slender bodies and pincers (chelae).

  • Match the search results: Breeding is seasonal and generally occurs during the warm months, ranging from late spring through early fall. Males may travel hundreds of metres to find receptive females. It appears that males find females by localizing a pheromone that the female emits from the end of her abdomen. Mating in scor…

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Question Time for David Dimbleby: How many legs does a …

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  • Summary: Articles about Question Time for David Dimbleby: How many legs does a … The Natural History Museum are among those that remain adamant that scorpions have eight legs, not six – “unless you were to chop two of …

  • Match the search results: Following close inspection, experts agree there appears to be one problem: the tattoo has a mere six legs and pincers instead of the eight it should possess as a member of the related arachnids.

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Scorpion Anatomy | Ask A Biologist

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion Anatomy | Ask A Biologist Both are part of the subgroup (Class) Arachnida. If you do some research, you will find that these animals share common characteristics, such as …

  • Match the search results: The anatomy of a scorpion has some similar characteristics to other arthropods, such as lobsters and crabs. They also have similar features to spiders and other arachnids. Just count the number of legs and you will see how they match the number of legs found on spiders. Click image to enlarge.

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Scorpion facts for kids | National Geographic Kids

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion facts for kids | National Geographic Kids Scorpions are arachnids and have eight legs like their cousins – spiders, … In the hot, dry deserts, where many species live, scorpions cope with the …

  • Match the search results: Scorpions are arachnids and have eight legs like their cousins – spiders, mites and ticks. They look a bit like small lobsters, equipped with a pair of pincers and a thin, segmented tail that curves over their back. These cool critters can be found on every continent around the world, except Antarct…

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Scorpion Facts & Information for Kids and Researchers

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion Facts & Information for Kids and Researchers Scorpions are arthropods, they have eight legs, two pedipalps, and a tail with … presents itself something that many hibernating species are unable to do.

  • Match the search results: Scorpions, like spiders, are arachnids (pronounced uh-rak-nid) and all arachnids share a well-known body characteristic; eight legs. In addition, arachnids lack wings and antennae, which can also help identify them.

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Myth: “Eight legs” always means “spider” | Burke Museum

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  • Summary: Articles about Myth: “Eight legs” always means “spider” | Burke Museum Fact: Not exactly. Scorpions, harvestmen, ticks, and in fact all arachnids—not just spiders—have four pairs of legs (see illustrations). Insects have three …

  • Match the search results: Fact: Not exactly. Scorpions, harvestmen, ticks, and in fact all arachnids—not just spiders—have four pairs of legs (see illustrations). Insects have three pairs. Also, notice that I said "four pairs" instead of "eight." The number of leg pairs (one pair per leg-bearing segment) …

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Scorpions – Animals – Ducksters

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpions – Animals – Ducksters Learn about Scorpions. These arachnids have eight legs, pincers, and a venomous stinger on their tail.

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Spider vs. Scorpion Identification – Orkin

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  • Summary: Articles about Spider vs. Scorpion Identification – Orkin Both of these creatures are classified as arachnids and, along with mites, ticks and harvestmen, possess eight legs. They also both have two body segments, …

  • Match the search results: What kind of bug likes to hang out in wet/damp areas and has four or more legs on each side with two long, crablike pincers?

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What do Scorpions look like? – The Australian Museum

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  • Summary: Articles about What do Scorpions look like? – The Australian Museum Scorpions tend to be larger and more venomous in the northern parts of Australia. The largest Australian scorpions can grow to 12 cm long, but many forest …

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    The Australian Museum respects and acknowledges the Gadigal people as the First Peoples and Traditional Custodians of the land and waterways on which the Museum stands.

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Scorpions – The Australian Museum

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpions – The Australian Museum The largest Australian scorpions can grow to 12 cm long, but many forest … two to five smaller eyes on each side – scorpions do not have good eyesight.

  • Match the search results: Scorpions are arachnids, which means that they are related to animals such as spiders, ticks, mites and harvestmen. Arachnids are characterised by possessing four pairs of legs and a body divided into two parts – the cephalothorax (containing the mouthparts, eyes, pedipalps and legs) and the abdomen…

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Scorpion Facts: What You Need to Know – Terminix

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion Facts: What You Need to Know – Terminix Behind the pedipalps are four pairs of legs that allow the scorpion to quickly … Many of the scorpion facts that concern scientists and doctors have to do …

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Scorpions – The Australian Museum

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpions – The Australian Museum The largest Australian scorpions can grow to 12 cm long, but many forest … two to five smaller eyes on each side – scorpions do not have good eyesight.

  • Match the search results: Scorpions are arachnids, which means that they are related to animals such as spiders, ticks, mites and harvestmen. Arachnids are characterised by possessing four pairs of legs and a body divided into two parts – the cephalothorax (containing the mouthparts, eyes, pedipalps and legs) and the abdomen…

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Scorpion Facts for Kids, Students & Adults – Active Wild

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpion Facts for Kids, Students & Adults – Active Wild Scorpions are arachnids in the order Scorpiones. They have eight legs and segmented, armor-plated bodies. Scorpions are armed with two formidable pincers to …

  • Match the search results: The prosoma is like the fused-together head and thorax of an insect. (The head and the thorax are the front and middle parts of an insect.) This part of the scorpion’s body houses the mouthparts and eyes. It’s also the part of the body to which the pincers and eight legs are attached.

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Class Arachnida | Department of Entomology

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  • Summary: Articles about Class Arachnida | Department of Entomology Scorpions are relatively large arachnids. Like other arachnids, their body consists of a cephalothorax, which bears the mouthparts and legs, and an abdomen.

  • Match the search results: Scorpions are relatively large
    arachnids.  Like other arachnids, their body consists of a
    cephalothorax, which bears the mouthparts and legs, and an abdomen. 
    They are characterized by having four pairs of legs, large
    clawlike pedipalps, and a five-segmented abdomen with a stin…

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What are Arachnids? • Minibeasts • MyLearning

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  • Summary: Articles about What are Arachnids? • Minibeasts • MyLearning Arachnids include spiders, scorpions, mites and ticks. There are about 60,000 species of arachnids. Arachnids have eight legs, not six like insects.

  • Match the search results: Arachnids have two parts to their body – the cephalothorax and the abdomen. The cephalothorax is like the head and thorax section of an insect but it is fused together.  It contains the legs, mouth parts and sense organs. The abdomen contains the main organs, just like insects.

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Scorpions – Oklahoma State University Extension

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  • Summary: Articles about Scorpions – Oklahoma State University Extension All scorpions have eight legs, two large pincers (pedipalps), … Scorpions do not usually enter houses in the winter because cold weather makes them …

  • Match the search results: Around the world, scorpions range in size from one half inch to over seven inches
    long, depending on the species. The most common species found in Oklahoma is about
    two inches long. All scorpions have eight legs, two large pincers (pedipalps), and

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Arachnida – spiders, scorpions, mites, ticks – New Hampshire …

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  • Summary: Articles about Arachnida – spiders, scorpions, mites, ticks – New Hampshire … Like most arthropods, arachnids have eight jointed legs and an exoskeleton. … Many species of spiders spin webs that they use to trap prey.

  • Match the search results: Arachnids have four pairs of walking legs, a pair of jointed jaws with fangs called the chelicerae, and a pair of antenna-like pedipalps. The opisthosoma is the rear half of the body and it has no appendages. Arachnids have no antennae.

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Multi-read content how many legs do a scorpion have

Scorpio (disambiguation)

Scorpio Period: 435-0 Ma
PreꞒ

O
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EASY
OLD
P
BILLION
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Early Silurian – present

Hottentotta tamulus, Indian red scorpion
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Tribe: common foot
substem: chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Command: Scorpions C. L. Koch, 1837
Familys
see taxonomy
Natural Scorpiones Series

Scorpioto behunt arachnidlatercommand scorpions. They have eight legs and are easily identified by having a pairhold the needleand a narrow, multi-segmented tail, often bearing a characteristic forward curve at the rear, and always terminating infuse. The evolutionary history of scorpions goes back435 million years. They mainly live inDesertbut has adapted to many environmental conditions and can be found on all continents exceptAntarctic. More than 2,500 have been describedspecies, with 22 existing (living) families recognized to date. From themtaxonomymodified for the 21st centurygenometo learn.

Scorpions mainly huntinsectand otherinvertebrates, but some species huntvertebrates. They use pincers to restrain and kill their prey or to prevent their own prey. Thatpoisonused for attack and defense. During courtship, the male and female grab each other’s pincers and dance while he tries to draw them in.sperm pack. All known species typelifeand children like to take care of young peopleThe outer skeletonstiffens and transports them on the back. The exoskeleton containsFluorescentchemical and underglowultraviolet raybright.

Most species do not pose a serious threat to humans, and healthy adults do not usually require medical attention after being stung. About 25 species (fewer than onepercent) have venom that can kill a human, it often does so in parts of the world where they live, mostly where medical treatment is not available.

Scorpions appear in art, folklore, mythology, and commercial brands.Scorpio patternwoven inkilimMats to protect them from their bites.Scorpiois the name of a constellation; correspondingZodiac sign is Scorpio. A classic myth of Scorpius tells how the giant scorpion and his enemiesOnionbecome constellations on opposite sides of the sky.

  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 development
  • 2.1 Fossil Record
    2.2 Phylogenetics
    2.3 Classification
  • 3 Geographical distribution
  • 4 morphology
  • 4.1 Cephalothorax
    4.2 Mesosomes
    4.3 Metasome
  • 5 Biology
  • 5.1 Mortality and Defense
    5.2 Nutrition and Feeding
    5.3 Pairing
    5.4 Birth and Development
    5.5 Fluorescence
  • 6 relationships with people
  • 6.1 Burns
    6.2 Possibility of medical use
    6.3 Consumption
    6.4 Pets
    6.5 Culture
  • 7 notes
  • 8 references
  • 8.1 Source
  • 9 External links

etymology

Out of “Scorpio”comes fromIntermediate Englishbetween 1175 and 1225 AD onwardsOld French Scorpio,[First]or from ItalianScorpio, both of which come from LatinScorpio, which is equivalent toScorpio,[2]which isLatinizeof the GreekΣκορπίοίο-scorpios,[3]The last wordProto-Indo-European origin *(s)ker-means “cut”, x. “cut”.[4]

evolution

Allopaleophonus

paleophonushunter

Silurian

[5]

fossils

Palaeophonus nuncius

Silurian

Scorpiofossilwas found in manylayers, including maritimeSilurianand estuaryDevonian periodDeposit, coal deposit frommetal ageand inAmber. Whether the first scorpions were marine or terrestrial is still debated, although they werelung booklike modern terrestrial species.[6][7][8th][9]More than 100 species of fossil scorpions have been described.[ten]The oldest find as of 2021 isDolichophonusoudonensis, lived in what is now Scotland during the Silurian period.[11] gondwana scorpionfrom the Devonian period is among the earliest known land animalsGondwanasupercontinent.[Twelfth]

phylogenetics

Scorpiones is acladein the lungsArachnida(people with book lungs). Arachnida is usedchelicerata, a subgroup ofcommon footit containssea ​​spiderandhorseshoe crab, along with terrestrial animals without book lungs, such asticksandReaper.[6]die outEurypterida, sometimes called sea scorpions, although they are not all marine species, nor are they scorpions; your grip ischelicerae, Notsimilarwith the pins (second appendages) of the scorpion.[13]scorpions areolder sisterarriveTetrapulmonata, containing a terrestrial lung groupspiderand whip scorpions. this 2019cladding panelsSummary:[6]

chelicerata Pycnogonida (spider crab)

Prosomapoda

Xiphosura (horseshoe crab)

†Eurypterida (sea scorpion)

Arachnida

Not pulmonary

(mites, reapers, etc.)

lungs

scorpions

Tetrapulmonata

Araneae (spider)

Pedipalpi (whip scorpion, etc.)

internalphylogenyabout scorpions was discussed,[6]butgenomeAnalysis always providedBothriuridaeare sisters of a race that includes Scorpionoidea andChactoidea fungus. Scorpions varied between the Devonian and earlysoftwood. The main division is made into Buthida and Iurida clusters. The divergence of the Bothriuridae begins before temperate Gondwana splits into separate land masses, completed bylaw. Iuroidea and Chactoidea are both not considered a separate group and are referred to as “anaphylactic paralysis”(with quotes) in this chart from 2018.[14]

scorpions Buthida

Chaeriloidea

Pseudocactoidea

Buthoidea

Iurida

“Iuroidea” (part)

Bothriuroidea

“Chactoidea” (part)

“Iuroidea” (part)

“Chactoidea” (part)

Scorpio

taxonomy

Classification of Scorpions

Carl von Linnaeusdescribed six species of scorpions in his genusScorpio1758 and 1767; three of these are now considered valid and will be invokedScorpio,Androctonus australis, andEuscorpius carpathicus; The other three names are suspect names. He placed scorpions in his group “Insecta aptera” (wingless insects), a group that includes crustaceans, arachnids, andMyriapoda.[15]1801,Jean-Baptiste LamarckSplit up “Insecta aptera”, createtaxonomyArachnids for spiders, scorpions and acari (mites and ticks), although it is also includedThysanura(Thrips), Myriapoda and parasites such as lice.[16]Germanarachnologist Carl Ludwig Kochcreated the order Scorpiones in 1837. He divided them into four families, the six-eyed scorpion Scorpionides, the eight-eyed scorpion Buthides, the ten-eyed scorpion Centrurides, and the twelve-eyed scorpion Androctonides. .[17]

More recently, about 22 families containing more than 2,500 scorpion species have been described, with many 21st-century additions and restructurings of many taxa.[18][6][19]There are more than 100 described taxa of fossil scorpions.[ten]This classification is based on Soleglad and Fet (2003),[20]replaced Stockwell’s older, unpublished classification.[21]Subsequent taxonomic changes are from the work of Soleglad et al. (2005).[22][23]

Existing taxon forgrantoffamily(Species number in brackets[18]) to be:

Order scorpions

Centruroides vittatus

Buthidae

Heterometrus laoticus

Scorpio

  • parfore
  • Pseudocactida
  • Lonely
  • Superfamily Pseudochactoidea Gromov, 1998
    Family Pseudochactidae Gromov, 1998 (1 sp.) (Central Asian scorpions from semi-savannah habitat)
  • parfore
  • Buthida
  • Lonely
  • Superfamily Buthoidea C. L. Koch, 1837
    Family Buthidae CL Koch, 1837 (1209 spp.) (Thick-tailed scorpions, including the most dangerous)
    Family Microcharmidae Lourenço, 1996, 2019 (17 spp.) (African scorpions live on wet forest leaves)
  • parfore
  • Charilida
  • Lonely
  • Superfamily Chaeriloidea Pocock, 1893
    Family Chaerilidae Pocock, 1893 (51 spp.) (South and Southeast Asian scorpions live in non-arid places)
  • parfore
  • Iurida
  • Lonely
  • Superfamily Chactoidea Pocock, 1893
    Family Akravidae Levy, 2007 (1 sp.) (Israeli cave scorpion)
    Family Belisariidae Lourenço, 1998 (3 spp.) (southern European cave-related scorpions)
    Family Chactidae Pocock, 1893 (209 spp.) (New World scorpion, member is modified)
    Family Euscorpiidae Laurie, 1896 (170 spp.) (harmless scorpions of Americas, Eurasia and North Africa)
    Family Superstitioniidae Stahnke, 1940 (1 sp.) (cave scorpions from Mexico and the southwestern United States)
    Family Troglotayosicidae Lourenço, 1998 (4 spp.) (South American cave-related scorpions)
    Family Typhlochactidae Mitchell, 1971 (11 spp.) (cave-related scorpions from eastern Mexico)
    Family Vaejovidae Thorell, 1876 (222 spp.) (New World scorpion)
    Superfamily Iuroidea Thorell, 1876
    Family Caraboctonidae Kraepelin, 1905 (23 spp.) (hairy scorpion)
    Family Hadruridae Stahnke, 1974 (9 spp.) (North American large scorpion)
    Family Iuridae Thorell, 1876 (21 spp.) (scorpions have a large tooth on the inside of their movable claws)
    Superfamily Scorpionoidea Latreille, 1802
    Family Bothriuridae Simon, 1880 (158 spp.) (temperate and tropical southern hemisphere scorpions)
    Family Hemiscorpiidae Pocock, 1893 (16 spp.) (Middle Eastern rock, climber, or tree scorpions)
    Family Hormuridae Laurie, 1896 (92 species) (flat forked scorpion in Southeast Asia and Australia)
    Family Rugodentidae Bastawade et al., 2005 (1 sp.) (Indian burrowing scorpion)
    Family Scorpionidae Latreille, 1802 (183 spp.) (burrowing scorpion or pale-legged scorpion)
    Family Diplocentridae Karsch, 1880 (134 spp.) (Closely related and sometimes included in the species Scorpionidae but with spines on telson)
    Family Heteroscorpionidae Kraepelin, 1905 (6 species) (Madagascar scorpion)

Geographic Distribution

Scorpions are found on every continent exceptAntarctic. The diversity of scorpions is greatest in subtropical regions; it decreases toward the poles and equator, although scorpions are found in the tropics. Scorpio does not occur naturallyEngland,New Zealandand some islands inOceania, but now accidentallyintroducein these places of people.[24]Five colonies ofEuscorpius flavicaudisestablished at the end of the 19thtransparencyin the UK at 51°N,[25][26][27]duringParuroctonus boreuslive as far north asRed Deer, Alberta, at 52°N.[28]Some of the above speciesIUCN Red Book;Lychas brauericlassified asextremely dangerous(2014),Isometrus deharvengiashave the ability to be extinct(2016) andChiromachus ochropusasvulnerable(2014).[29][30][thirty-one]

Scorpio isxerocols, that is, they live mainly inDesert, but they can be found almost everywherehabitatincluding high mountains, caves andintertidal zone. They are mostly absentunderwater ecosystemsuch astundra, Heighttaiga, and the top of the mountain.[32][6]The highest altitude attained by a scorpion is 5,500 meters (18,000 ft) above the Andes, e.gOrobothriurus crassimanus.[33]

Speaking ofmicrohabitats, scorpions can live on the ground,love trees,love rock musicorlove sand. Some species, such asVaejovis janssi, is very versatile and occurs in all of the above habitatsSocorro Island,Baja California, while others such asEuscorpius carpathicus,endemicarrivecoastal areaof rivers in Romania occupying specialized niches.[34][35]

morphology

Cheloctonus jonesii

prosomamesosomemetasomapedipalpscheliceraechelaespikephone

Scorpions are 8.5 mm (0.33 in) in sizeTyphlochactas mitchellifrom Typhlochactidae,[34]up to 23 cmHeterometrus swammerdamithe scorpion species.[36]The body of the scorpion is divided into two parts ortagmata: thatcephalothoracicorprosoma, and belly oropisthosoma.[a]The opisthosoma is divided into a broad front,mesodermoid tumoror anterior ventral and tail-like narrow posterior part,metasomeor back of abdomen.[38]External differences between the sexes are not recognizable in most species. In some cases, the metasoma is longer in males than in females.[39]

cephalothorax

Includes cephalothoraxshovel, eyes, chelicerae (mouthparts),pedipalps(Yeschela, commonly known as a swipe or pin) and four pairswalking foot. Scorpions have two eyes on the top of the cephalothorax and usually two to five pairs of eyes along the front corners of the cephalothorax. Although they cannot produce sharp images, their central eye is one of the most light-sensitive in the animal kingdom, especially in low light, allowing nocturnal species to navigate by starlight at night.[40]The chelicerae are in front of and below the carapace. Resembling pincers, they have three segments and sharp “teeth”.[41][42]The scorpion’s brain is behind the cephalothorax, just above itstomach.[43]As in other arachnids, the nervous system is heavily concentrated in the cerebral cortex but has a long segmented ventricular nerve.ganglionthis could be aprimitivecharacteristic.[44]

Pedipalp is a segment with clawsextraused for prey immobilization, defense, and sensory purposes. The segments of the foot (proximal to the body outward) are the coxa, tibia, femur, patella, tibia (including the solid and muscular foot), and the tarsus (the movable nail). Scorpions have dark raised or granular linear ridges called “keels” or “carinae” on the leg segments and on other parts of the body. They are useful as classificationscharacter.[45]Unlike the legs of some other spiders, the legs are not modified for other purposes, although they can sometimes be used for digging and the female can use them to catch emerging young. The legs are coveredacceptor,setaand feelingSetae.[forty six]Depending on the species, the legs may be prickly or prickly.[47]

mesosome

pectins

Mesodermoma or preeclampsia is a broad section of the vas deferens.[38]It containsfrontsevenvolume(Segments) of the eye tumor, each segment is coveredbackthrough a scleral plate, ittergite.belly, Somas 3 to 7 are armored with so-called articulated platessternites. The ventral side of somite 1 has a pair of sex organs.lidconsistsgonopore. Sternite 2 forms the carrier platepectins,[48]act as sense organs.[49]

The next four somas, 3 through 6, all carry pairsSoul. They serve as openings for the scorpion’s respiratory organs, known aslung book. The openings can be slotted, circular, elliptical or oval depending on the type.[50][51]So there are four pairs of book lungs; Each type contains a thin number from 140 to 150slatsair-filled lungs connected to the atria on the side of the abdomen, which open to the vents. The hairs hold the leaf blades apart. A muscle that opens the tap and widens the atrium; The sternocleidomastoid muscle contracts to squeeze the lungs to expel air and relaxes to allow the lungs to refill.[52]The 7th and last somite has no appendages or other significant external structures.[50]

The mesoderm contains the heart or “dorsal vessel” which is the center of the scorpionopen circulatory system. The heart is continuous with a system of deep arteries distributed throughout the body. Sinus returns deoxygenated blood (hemolymph) to the heart; The blood is enriched with oxygen again through the openings in the heart. The mesoderm also contains the reproductive system. womangonadconsisting of three or four parallel tubes connected by two to four horizontal tubesanastomoses. These tubes are the place for bothegg cellembryonic growth and development. You connect with twofallopian tubesConnects to an atrium leading to the genital opening.[53]Males have two gonads, consisting of two cylindrical tubes with a ladder-like structure; they contain cysts that producesperm. Both pipes end invas deferens, one on each side of the mesothelioma. They connect to symmetrical glandular structures called parietal organs, which end at the genital opening. secretionschitinbase-based structures assemble into a shapeseed bank.[54][55]

metasoma

Arizona bark scorpion

The “tail” or super-U consists of five segments andphone, which is not a segment. The five segments are just the body rings; They lack an obvious sterna or terga and grow larger in the distance. These segments have keels, bristles, and bristles that can be used for classification according to the classification system. The anus is located at the distal and terminal end of the terminal segment and is surrounded by four anal papillae and an anal arch.[50]The tails of some species contain light receptors.[40]

The telsons includeBlow, contains a symmetric pair ofpoisonlines. Externally, it bears a curved tip, a subcutaneous fungus equipped with sensory hairs. Each venom gland has its own duct to direct its secretions along the duct from the gland to just short of the apex, where each paired duct has its own venom hole.[56]An extrinsic muscular system in the tail moves it forward, pushing and penetrating the aculeus, while an intrinsic muscular system attached to glands pumps venom through the spine into the victim.[57]nib containermetalloproteinswith zinc, hardened.[58]The optimal piercing angle is about 30 degrees from the pen tip.[59]

bibliography

Centruroides limpidus

Most Scorpios areat nightorcrepuscular, seek shelter in caves, crevices and tree bark during the day.[60]Many species seek shelter under inch-long rocks. Some may use burrows made by other animals, including spiders, reptiles, and small mammals. Other species dig their own burrows of varying complexity and depth.HadrurusSpecies that dig more than 2 m deep. Digging is done using mouth, claw and foot parts. In some species, particularly in the family Buthidae, individuals may congregate in the same shelter; Clam scorpions can gather up to 30 individuals. In some species, families of offspring and offspring sometimes group together.[sixty one]

Scorpios prefer areas where temperatures stay between 11 and 40 °C (52 and 104 °F) but can survive temperatures from below freezing to desert temperatures.[62][63]Scorpios can withstand high temperatures:Leiurus quinquestriatus,ScorpioandHadrurus arizonensiscan live at 45–50 °C (113–122 °F) if adequately hydrated. Desert species must cope with extreme temperature fluctuations from day to night or between seasons;Pectinibuthus birulailives in the −30–50 °C (−22–122 °F) temperature range. Scorpios that live in the desert prefer lower temperatures. Cold resistance may be related to elevated sugar levelstrehalosewhen the temperature drops. Some typeshibernation.[sixty-four]The scorpion seems to be resistantionizing radiation. This was discovered in the early 1960s when it was discovered that scorpions were one of the few animals to survive nuclear testingReggane, Algeria.[65]

Desert scorpions have several adaptations to conserve water. They separate insoluble compounds suchxanthine,guanine, anduric acid, do not need water to remove them from the body. Guanine is the main ingredient and it maximizes the amount of nitrogen excreted. Scorpio’s cuticles hold moisture infatand waxes from the epidermal glands and protects againstultraviolet ray. Even when dehydrated, Scorpios can handle the highosmotic pressurein his blood.[66]Desert scorpions get most of their moisture from the food they eat, but some can draw water from moist soil. Species that live in denser vegetation and in more moderate temperatures drink water in trees and puddles.[sixty-seven]

poison

Scorpions use their stingers to kill prey and defend themselves. Some species strike directly and quickly with their tails, while others strike more slowly in a circle, making it easy to position the stinger in a position to strike back.Leiurus quinquestriatuscan whip its tail at up to 128 cm/s (50 in/s) during a defensive attack.[68]

death and defense

Scorpions can be invaded by other arthropods such as ants, spiders,Solificidesandcentipede. Largecarnivoreincluding frogs, lizards, snakes, birds and mammals.[69] meerkatpartially specialized in hunting scorpions, biting off their spines and immune to their venom.[70][71]Other carnivores adapted to hunt scorpions includegrasshopper mouseanddesert long-earedwho are also immune to their poison.[72][seventy-three]In one study, 70% of the latter contained scorpion fragments.[seventy-three]Parasitic scorpions includemites,fly fly,roundwormsand some bacteria. Thatimmune systemof scorpions gives them resistance to infection by many types of bacteria.[74]

When threatened, a scorpion raises its claws and tail in a defensive position. Some typespronounceto deter predators by rubbing some feathers, spikes or claws.[69]Some species prefer using claws or spikes for defense, depending on the size of the limbs.[75]Some species of scorpions, such asParabutus,Centruroides margaritatus, andHadrurus arizonensis, which sprays venom in a narrow stream of water up to 1 meter (3.3 ft) away to warn potential predators who may injure their eyes.[76]Somethingananterisspecies canshed their tailsto escape from predators. These organs don’t grow back, so they can’t burn and excrete, but they can still capture small prey and reproduce for at least eight months afterward.[77]

nutrition and feeding

solid

Scorpions often hunt insectsgrasshopper,cricket,termite,Beetleandgiant hornet. Other prey are spiders,Solificides,firewoodand even smallvertebratesincluding lizards, snakes and mammals. Species with large claws can prey on earthworms and mollusks. Most species are opportunistic and eat a wide variety of prey, although some species can be highly specialized;Isometroides vescusspecializes in burrowing spiders. The size of the prey depends on the size of the species. Some types of scorpions arethe predator sits and waits, meaning they wait for prey at or near the entrance to their den. Others are actively looking for them. Scorpions also recognize preysensitiveandchemical sensefeathers on their bodies and catch them with their claws. Small animals are killed by claws alone, especially those with large claws. Larger and more aggressive prey will be stung.[78][79]

Scorpions, like other spiders, digest their food from the outside. Chelicerae, very sharp, are used to draw small amounts of food from prey into the preoral cavity beneath the chelicerae and carapace. Digestive juices from the intestines are digested into food, and the digested food is then sucked into the intestines in liquid form. All indigestible solids (egThe outer skeletondebris) trappedSetaein the oral cavity anterior and ejected. The aspirated food is pumped through the middle tubethroat, where it is further digested. Waste passes through the anus and out of the anus. Scorpios can consume large amounts of food in one meal. They have an efficient and very low food storage organmetabolic rate, and a relatively sedentary lifestyle. This allows some to survive starvation for six to 12 months.[80]

pairing

Promenade for two

Most scorpions reproduce sexually with males and females; Species in several genera, such asHottentottaandTityus, and speciesCentruroides gracilis,Liochles australasiae, andAnanteris coineauihas been reported not necessarily reliable, due to reproducereproduction, in which an unfertilized egg developsembryo.[81]Women absorb productionpheromonestaken up by migratory males using their pectins to brush the substrate. Males initiate courtship by moving their bodies back and forth without moving their legs, a behavior known as judgment. This appears to create ground vibrations that are picked up by the female.[54]

The pair then make contact with their pedals and performLeapcalledPromenade for two(French for “go in pairs”). In this dance, males and females move back and forth facing each other while the male searches for a suitable place to deposit his sperm. Flirting rituals can include a range of other behaviors, such as lip kisses, where a man and woman grab each other’s mouth parts,arbre droit(“vertical tree”), in which partners lift their anus and rub their tails together, and genital stabbing, in which the male stabs the female in the chelae, or mesoderm, to subdue her. The dance can last from a few minutes to several hours.[82][83]

Once the male has found a suitable stable substrate such as hard soil, agglomerated sand, rocks, or tree bark, he deposits seed mounds and guides the female through. This allows sperm to enter her genital tract, triggering the release of sperm, thus fertilizing the female. Amating connectorthen form in the female to prevent the female from mating again before the young are born. Males and females then suddenly separate.[84][85] cannibalismPost-mating has only been reported anecdotally in scorpions.[eighty-six]

birth and development

Compsobuthus werneri

young

gestureIn some species, scorpions can survive for more than a year.[eighty seven]There are two kindsembryonic development; apoicogenic and katoicogenic. In the apoicogenic system found mainly in Buthidae, embryos develop in yolk rich in yolk.follicle. The katoicogenic system is recognized in the families Hemiscorpiidae, Scorpionidae, and Diplocentridae and includes embryos developing within adiverticulahave a nipple-like structure that they can suck on.[88]Unlike most spiders, they areThere are many eggsScorpions hatched from eggs seem to be widespreadviviparous, with live cases.[89]They are unusual among terrestrial arthropods in the level of care a female gives to her offspring.[90]Brood size varies by species, from 3 to more than 100 fish.[91]Scorpion body size does not correlate with parent size or life cycle length.[92]

Before giving birth, the female raises the front part of her body and places her pedals and front legs under her back to accommodate the young (“birth basket”). The young emerge from the genitals one at a time, eject the embryonic membranes, if present, and are placed on the mother’s back, where they remain until they come by at least once.molt. The time before the first molt is called the pre-immature stage; the child cannot suckle or squirt, but has itbloodsuckeron their tarsi to hold their mother. This period lasts from 5 to 25 days, depending on the species. The parents molt for the first time simultaneously over a period of 6 to 8 hours, marking the beginning of the juvenile stage.[91]

puberty orstagesgenerally resemble smaller adult versions with fully developed nodules, feathers, and spikes. They are still soft and have no pigment, so they continue to ride on their mother’s back for protection. They will become stiffer and more pigmented over the next few days. They may leave their mother temporarily and return if they feel there is potential danger. Once the exoskeleton is fully hardened, the young can hunt independently and soon abandon the mother.[ninety three]A scorpion can molt an average of six times before reaching adulthood, which may not happen for as long as 6 to 83 months of age, depending on the species. Some species can live up to 25 years.[eighty seven]

Fluorescent

Emperor ScorpioPandinus EmperorFluorescent

Scorpions glow a brilliant blue-green when exposed to certain wavelength rangesultraviolet rayLight as it is from ablack light, becauseFluorescentchemicals likebeta-carbolinein the epidermis. Accordingly, portable UV lamps have long been the standard tool for nocturnal field studies of these animals. Fluorescence arises fromsclerosisand increasing in intensity with each successive occurrence.[ninety four]This fluorescent substance may play an active role in the scorpion’s ability to see light.[95]

relationships with people

Human Use for Scorpios

prick

scorpionism

Arizona bark scorpion

Scorpion venom is used to quickly kill or paralyze prey. ThatburnMany species are irritating, but only 25 have deadly venom. These species belong to the family Buthidae, which includesLeiurus quinquestriatus,Hottentottaspp.,centruroidssp. andAndroctonussp.[34]people withallergyparticularly endangered;[96]unless,first aidTo behave symptoms, Withpain relief.cases of very high blood pressuretreated with medicationrelieve anxietyandrelax blood vessels.[97][98]Scorpio is jealous of the high morbidity and mortality rates that often result from too muchautonomous operationand cardiotoxic or neuromuscular effects.antidoteas a specific treatment for scorpion skin in combination with supportive measures, including vasodilators in patients with cardiovascular toxicity, andbenzodiazepineswith neuromuscular involvement. Although rare, seriouslyhypersensitivity reactionincludinganaphylaxisso that the scorpion can antivenin.[99]

Scorpion stings are a public health concern, particularly in tropical and subtropical areas of the Americas, North Africa, the Middle East and India. About 1.5 million scorpion infestations occur each year with about 2,600 deaths.[100][101][102]Mexico is one of the worst affected countriesbiodiversityabout scorpions in the world, about 200,000 occurrences per year and at least 300 deaths.[103][104]

Efforts are being made to prevent infestations and control scorpion populations. Prevention includes personal activities such as checking shoes and clothing before putting them on, not walking barefoot or in sandals, and filling in holes and cracks where scorpions can nest. Street lighting reduces scorpion activity. Control may include the use ofpesticidesuch aspyrethroids, or collect scorpions by hand with the help of an ultraviolet light. Indoor predators of scorpions like chickens and turkeys can help reduce a household’s risk.[100][101]

Possible drug use

deathstalkeramino acidschlorine toxinsband diagramchloride channel

[105]

Scorpion venom is a mixture of neurotoxins; most of them arepeptide, string ofamino acids.[106]A lot of them get involvedmembrane channelthatsodium transport,Kali,calcium, orchlorideions. These channels are fornerve conduction,muscle contractionand many other biological processes. Some of these molecules could be useful in medical research and lead to the development of new treatments for diseases. Their potential therapeutic uses include pain relief,prevent cancer,Antimicrobial,antifungal,antiviral,antiparasitic,Bradykinin- Adoption, andimmunosuppressiveDrug. However, as of 2020, no drugs made from scorpion toxin are available for salechlorine toxinstested for use againstglioma, a brain tumor.[105]

consumption

Scorpions are eaten by people in West Africa and Myanmar[107]and East Asia. Fried scorpions are traditionally eaten inshandong, China.[108]There, scorpions can be prepared and eaten in a variety of ways, including roasted, fried, grilled, raw, or raw. The venom is not usually removed, as direct and prolonged heat nullifies the harmful effects of the venom.[109]In Thailand, scorpions are not eaten as often as other arthropods such as grasshoppers, but they are sometimes fried as a street food.[110]They are used in Vietnam for manufacturingsnake wine(Scorpion wine).[111]

domestic animal

Scorpions are often kept as pets. They are relatively easy to maintain, the main requirement being a secure cover like glassterrariumhave a closable lid and the right temperature and humidity for the species chosen, which usually means installing a heating pad and spraying a little water regularly. The substrate should be similar to the substrate in the natural environment of the species, e.gpeatfor forest speciesbeestoneSand to allow desert species to burrow. Scorpio in the limbspandinandheteropigmentationobedient enough to handle it. A largepandincan consume up to threecricketevery week.Cannibalisticare more common in captivity than in the wild and can be minimized by providing plenty of small shelters in the enclosure and ensuring plenty of prey.[112][113]The pet trade particularly threatens wild populations of several scorpion speciesAndroctonus australisandPandinus Emperor.[114]

Cultural

  • Late Isis Serket Bronze
  • “Scorpions and Snakes Fight”, Anglo-Saxon Herbal, c. 1050
  • The constellation Scorpio described in Urania’s mirror as “Scorpio”, London, c. 1825
  • A scorpion motif (two species shown) is often woven into flat Turkish kilim rugs to protect them from their stings. [115]

The scorpion is a culturally significant animal that appears as onemotivein art, especially inIslamic artIn the middle east.[116]AScorpio patternoften woven into Turkishkilimflat mats to protect them from their bites.[115]Scorpios are seen as the embodiment of evil and as a protective power suchdervishhis power to fight evil.[116]In Islamic folklore, the scorpion showshuman sexuality.[116]Scorpios are used infolk medicinein South Asia, especially inantidotefor scorpion stings.[116]

One of Scorpio’s earliest appearances in the environment was its incorporation as aScorpio, in the 12thzodiacaboutBabylonian astronomersDuring this timeChaldean period. This was later done by the Westastrology; In astronomy, the corresponding constellation is namedScorpio.[117]Inancient egypt, goddessserket, who protectspharaoh, often depicted as a scorpion.[118]Inancient greek, a warrior’s shield sometimes carries a scorpion device, as seen inred potteryfrom the 5th century BC[119]InGreek mythology,artemisorGaiasend a huge scorpion to kill the hunterOnion, who said he would kill all the animals in the world. Orion and Scorpio both became constellations; As enemies, they are placed on opposite sides of the world, so when one ascends into the sky, the other appears.[120][121]Scorpio is mentioned inBibleandTalmudas a symbol of danger and malice.[121]

ThatfablesofScorpion and Frogwas interpreted to show that cruel people cannot resist hurting others, even if it does them no good.[122]More recently action inJohn SteinbeckThe 1947 novelpearlfollows a pearl-starved fisherman’s attempt to save his young son from a scorpion sting, only to lose him to human violence.[123]Scorpios have appeared in Western art forms such as film and poetry alike:surrealist filmmakers Luis Bunuelused the scorpion symbol in his 1930s classicL’Age d’or(The Golden age),[124]duringStevie SmithMy last collection of poems is titledScorpions and Other Poems.[125]Muchmartial artsFilms and video games were licensedscorpion king.[126][127][128]

scorpion poseyoga

[129]

Out ofclassic timesthe scorpion with its powerful sting was used to give the weapon its name. InsideRoman army, thatScorpiois a torsion siege engine used to fire projectiles.[130]British ArmyScorpion FV101is an armored or light reconnaissance vehicletankserved from 1972 to 1994.[131]A version ofMathilde IITank equipped with ahammerClearmine, called the scorpion Matilda.[132]Some shipsthe Royal Navyandof the United States Navywas namedScorpioincludingan 18th gun1803,[133] a tower ship1863,[134] a patrol yacht1898,[135] a destroyer1910,[136]anda nuclear submarinein 1960.[137]

The scorpion was the name or symbol of products and brands, including Italian onesAbarthracing car[138]and aMontesarivalmotorcycle.[139]Balance your hand or forearmasanasthese daysYoga like exercisewith a arched back and one or both legs pointing forward over the head in the pattern of a scorpion tail known asscorpion pose.[140][129]

note

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moderator

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The source

  • Polis, Gary (1990). Biology of Scorpions. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-1249-1. OCLC 18991506.
  • Stockman, Roland; Ythier, Eric (2010). scorpions of the world. N.A.P. versions. ISBN 978-2913688117.
  • Stockman, Roland (2015). “An Introduction to Scorpion Biology and Ecology”. In Gopalakrishnakone, P.; Possani, L.; F. Schwartz, E.; Rodríguez de la Vega, R. (Editor). Venomous scorpion. jumper. pages 25-59. ISBN 978-94-007-6403-3.

external link

  • American Museum of Natural History – Scorpio Systematic Study Group
  • CDC – Insects and Scorpions – NIOSH Occupational Health and Safety Issues

Video tutorials about how many legs do a scorpion have

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Scorpions are arachnids and have eight legs—just like spiders! Learn more amazing facts about the scorpion in this video from National Geographic Kids.

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From the class of arachnids, we’re going to talk now about scorpions and the many, many different types of them that we find throughout the planet. In front of me is the emperor scorpion, which is the largest scorpion of the approximately 1,700 species that inhabit our world. Some of them you have to really be careful with because of the toxic nature. They’re all venomous creatures, and they deliver their venom through a stinger that’s located in their tail. But of those 1,700, usually what I always tell, the guys with the big, meaty claws, they have a very, very mild venom. If they have a little, thin claw, that’s the one you’ve got to be careful.

Nature would give a scorpion with a thin claw a more powerful to subdue its prey, where these big guys grab their prey with the claws, and most times they can dispatch an animal just with those. If they need the venom, over it comes. The tail flies over the top of its body, and sting, sting, sting. They will sting the prey that’s being held in their grasp. Oftentimes though the claws are enough. They’re almost crablike. If you could reach out here, if you were with me, and feel it, it feels like a crab or a lobster body on the top. Why?

Because all scorpions have an exoskeleton, their skeleton on the outside of their body. Because they are arachnid, of course, they have eight legs, much like spiders, tarantulas, ticks, and the like. That’s the family they come from. Little teeny tiny eyes. Nocturnal hunters for the most part. Don’t come into play, the eyes, very much. but if you can get a closeup of the claws here, if I can get him to stop moving. I might let him bite me just for fun. There you go. Grab me with your claws. That slows them down. One his claws are a whole bunch of hairs, and different scorpions have different lengths of hairs.

But they use them almost like a cat uses its whiskers. So they’re walking around in the desert or the forest at night, and they’ll touch those hairs against something, and they try to figure out if its friend or foe. Is it something that’s going to attack them? Or something that maybe they can make a meal out of, or something they don’t have to worry about, like a stick or a rock. They’re not really looking with their eyes very much. And that is how they go about life. We see them mostly around the equator, but some of them go way up north, like into the southern part of Canada and all the way into Australia. We’ll see all kinds of scorpion species.

So a very successful animal, one that’s feared, again due to mostly lack of knowledge. Like many creatures like it are, they’re unknown, but the more you interface with them, you’ll find they sometimes make really entertaining captive subjects because they look pretty menacing. That’s a great conversation piece if you want to have that in your house. The scorpions from the arachnid group.

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-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=doW_keoTsvE

Peer Scheer –

-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xRBOjTsGss

Quinn Comendant –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/qcom/6336277046

Dinesh Valke –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/7385181120

Marshal Hedin –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/6866889527;

Anthony Ronald –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/ant_ronald/2398765085

gailhampshire –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/gails_pictures/5571262375

Holley and Chris Melton –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/chrisandholley/9512655419

dw_ross –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/dw_ross/16814668081

Matt Zimmerman –

-https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/1523508787

Per-Anders Olsson –

-https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Black_scorpion.jpg

Shantanu Kuveskar –

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Scorpion_Photograph_By_Shantanu_Kuveskar.jpg

Gloria satanas –

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buthidae#/media/File:Odonturus_dentatus.png

Sesamehoneytart –

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaejovis#/media/File:Vaejovis_carolinianus_1.jpg

Mike Michael L. Baird –

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_scorpion#/media/File:Emperor_scorpion_or_Imperial_scorpion_(Pandinus_imperator).jpg

Jeff Dahl –

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Serket.svg

kangaroovindaloo –

-https://freesound.org/people/kangaroovindaloo/sounds/138288/

Research Credits:

-https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/group/scorpions/

-https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/animals/zoology-invertebrates/scorpion

-http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/scorpion

-https://www.webmd.com/allergies/scorpion-stings

-https://bugguide.net/node/view/2441

-https://www.britannica.com/animal/scorpion

-http://eol.org/pages/8542/overview

-https://books.google.com/books?id=T8CWvVGwKhoC

-https://books.google.com/books?id=9KgKBgAAQBAJ

-https://www.britannica.com/science/book-lung

-https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/scorpions-in-north-carolina

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serket

-https://www.astrologers.com/about/history

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