Best 8 how far is cleveland ohio

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Distance from Cleveland to

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  • Summary: Articles about Distance from Cleveland to Cleveland is located 3,351.06 mi (5,393.02 km) south of the North Pole. Equator: 2,867.34 mi (4,614.54 km). How far is Cleveland from the equator and …

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Cleveland, OH – Cleveland, Ohio Map & Directions – MapQuest

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  • Summary: Articles about Cleveland, OH – Cleveland, Ohio Map & Directions – MapQuest Get directions, maps, and traffic for Cleveland, OH. … Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Cuyahoga County, …

  • Match the search results: As of the 2000 Census, the city proper had a total population of 478,403, and was the 33rd largest city in the United States, (now estimated as the 43rd largest due to declines in population) and the second largest city in Ohio. The city’s population has been shrinking since it peaked at 914,808 in …

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Distance from Ohio to Cleveland

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  • Summary: Articles about Distance from Ohio to Cleveland Distance from Ohio to Cleveland is 609 kilometers. This air travel distance is equal to 378 miles.

  • Match the search results: If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) from Ohio to Cleveland,
    It takes 0.68 hours to arrive.

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Ohio to Cleveland distance, location, road map and direction

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  • Summary: Articles about Ohio to Cleveland distance, location, road map and direction Distance between Ohio and Cleveland is 879 KM and 78 meters that is 546.2 miles. Ohio to Cleveland travel route / road map is available.

  • Match the search results: The driving distance or the travel distance between Ohio to Cleveland is 189 KM and 312 meters. The mile based, road distance between these two travel point is 117.6 miles.

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Driving Time from Ohio to Cleveland, OH – Travelmath

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  • Summary: Articles about Driving Time from Ohio to Cleveland, OH – Travelmath How long does it take to drive from Ohio (OH) to Cleveland, Ohio? View a map with the drive time between Ohio and Cleveland, OH to plan the duration of your …

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Driving Distance from Cleveland, OH to Columbus, OH

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  • Summary: Articles about Driving Distance from Cleveland, OH to Columbus, OH How far is it to drive from Cleveland, Ohio to Columbus, Ohio? View a map with the driving distance between Cleveland, OH and Columbus, OH to calculate your …

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Cleveland – Wikipedia

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  • Summary: Articles about Cleveland – Wikipedia Cleveland officially the City of Cleveland, is a major city in the U.S. state of Ohio, … Much of the growth has been spurred on by attracting creative class …

  • Match the search results: Cleveland’s current major professional sports teams include the Cleveland Guardians (Major League Baseball), the Cleveland Browns (National Football League), the Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association), the Cleveland Crunch (Major Arena Soccer League 2), and the Cleveland Monsters (Ame…

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How Far Away Is Cleveland Ohio – BikeHike

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  • Summary: Articles about How Far Away Is Cleveland Ohio – BikeHike How far is Cleveland Clinic from Columbus Ohio? … City Cleveland, Ohio Population 383,793 Square miles 77.7 Per sq. mile 4,939 Pop. rank …

  • Match the search results: Known as “The Forest City” among many other nicknames, Cleveland serves as the center of the Cleveland Metroparks nature reserve system. The city’s major league professional sports teams include the Cleveland Browns, the Cleveland Cavaliers, the Cleveland Indians, and the Cleveland…

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Multi-read content how far is cleveland ohio

Greater ClevelandCleveland (disambiguation)

Cleveland
city
City of Cleveland
Clockwise from top: downtown Cleveland skyline; James A. Garfield Memorial; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; FirstEnergy Stadium; west market; 4th East Street; Statue Fountain of Eternal Life; and the Cleveland Museum of Art
FlagSeal
Nickname: Forest City (see full list for more information)
Motto: progress
Interactive map of Cleveland
Coordinates: 41°28′56″N 81°40′11″W / 41.48222°N 81.66972°W / 41.48222; -81.66972 Coordinates: 41°28′56″N 81°40′11″W / 41.48222°N 81.66972°W / 41.48222; -81.66972
nation United States of America
status Ohio
Circle Cuyahoga
Found July 22, 1796; 225 years ago (1796-07-22)
Merge (Village) December 23, 1814; 207 years ago (1814-12-23)
Merge (City) March 6, 1836; 186 years ago (1836-03-06) [1]
name for Moses Cleaveland
government
• Type Strong mayor/council
• Body Cleveland City Council
• Mayor Justin Bibb
area [2]
• City 82.49 square miles (213.65 km2)
• Country 77.74 square miles (201.35 km2)
• Country 4.75 square miles (12.30 km2)
height [3] 653 feet (199 m)
Population (2020) [4]
• City 372,624
• Grant 54th in the US and second in Ohio
• Density 4,793.21/sq mi (1,850.63/km2)
• Subway [5] 2,088,251 (34th)
demonym Clevelander
time zone UTC-5 (EST)
• Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Postcode ZIP code [6]
44101-44147, 44181, 44188, 44190-44199
Phone prefix 216
FIPS code 39-16000
GNIS Feature ID 1066654 [3]
main airports Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Cleveland Burke Lakeside Airport
Freeway
Fast transit
website clevelandohio.gov

Cleveland(/cliːvlənd/ KLEEV lənd), officialCity of Cleveland, is a big city inWEATHER. statusofOhio, andcounty townofCuyahoga County.[7]It is on the south coast ofLake Erie, in the United Statessea ​​borderWithCanadaand about 60 miles (100 km) west of Ohio-Pennsylvaniastate border. Cleveland is located in northeast Ohio, the state’s most populous area. This area is the state’s most trusted Democratic district. Cleveland is part of the Rust Belt region of the United States. The current mayor of Cleveland is Justin Bibb (D).

The largest city on Lake Erie and one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the country,[8th]Cleveland NeoGreater Cleveland Statistical Area(MSA) andCombined Statistical Area Cleveland – Akron – Canton(CSA). CSA is the most populous placecombined statistical areain Ohio and the 17th largest in the United States with a 2020 population of 3,633,962.[9][ten]The city proper with a 2020 population of 372,624 is classified as54th largest cityUnited States.,[11]since a large part of the urban population lives outside the inner city. Cleveland’s metropolitan economy consists of seven counties, includingAkron, is the largest in the state.

Cleveland was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cleveland RiverCuyahoga Riverby GeneralMoses Cleaveland, after which the city is named. Due to its location on rivers and lake shores, as well as numerous canals and canals, it has become an important manufacturing centerraillines. Aport city, associated with ClevelandAtlanticthrough theSaint Lawrence Seaway. cityso economicalbased on different sectors such as manufacturing, financial services,health care, biomedicine and higher education.[Twelfth]Greater Cleveland MSA’s gross domestic product (GDP) was $135 billion in 2019.[13]Combined withAkron MSA, the seven-county metropolitan Cleveland-Akron economy was Ohio’s largest at $175 billion in 2019 and accounted for 25% of the state’s GDP.[13]

Referred to as “Gamma -“global citysameWorld Cities Research Network and Globalization,[14]Among the most important cultural institutions of the city areCleveland Museum of Art, thatCleveland Museum of Natural History, thatCleveland Orchestra,playhouse square, andRock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame. Known as “forest town”among many othersnickname, Cleveland serves as the hub ofCleveland Metro ParksSystem of nature reserves.[15]cityMain Tournament professional sports teaminclude theCleveland Browns, thatCleveland Cavaliers, andCleveland defender.

  • 1 story
  • 1.1 Setup
    1.2 Growth and Expansion
    1.3 Late 20th century and early 21st century
  • 2 geography
  • 2.1 City Views
    2.2 Architecture
    2.3 Parks and Nature
    2.4 Neighborhoods
    2.5 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 3.1 Ethnicity
    3.2 Religion
    3.3 Languages
    3.4 Immigration
  • 4 Economical
  • 5 education
  • 5.1 Primary and lower secondary education
    5.2 Higher Education
    5.3 Public Library System
  • 6 culture
  • 6.1 Performing Arts
    6.2 Movies and Television
    6.3 Literature
    6.4 Museums and Galleries
    6.5 Facts
    6.6 Kitchen
    6.7 Brewery
  • 7 sports
  • 8 environment
  • 9 Government and Politics
  • 10 Public Safety
  • 10.1 Police and Law Enforcement Agencies
    10.2 Fire Department
    10.3 Medical Emergency Service
  • 11 vehicles
  • 11.1 inches
    11.2 Television
    11.3 Radio Stations
  • 12 health care
  • 13 Transportation
  • 13.1 Ability to Walk
    13.2 Urban Transport System
    13.3 Private Car
    13.4 street
    13.5 Motorway
    13.6 airports
    13.7 Seaports
    13.8 Railway
    13.9 Intercity Bus Routes
    Recommend 13.10 Hyperloop
  • 14 sister cities and international relations
  • 15 See more
  • 16 notes
  • 17 references
  • 18 Read More
  • 19 External links

story[Editor]

Cleveland’s historyCleveland timeline

James G.C. HamiltonMoses Cleaveland

Found[Editor]

Cleveland was founded by surveyors on July 22, 1796Connecticut Country Companywhen they poseConnecticut’SWestern reservecities and a capital. They named the new settlement “Cleaveland” after their leader, General.Moses Cleaveland.[16]Cleaveland SupervisionNew EnglandThe design follows and focuses on the style of the plan for what the modern inner city is to becomePublic place, before you return home, never visit Ohio again.[16]The first permanent European settler was CleavelandLorenzo Carter, who built a hut on the banks of the Cuyahoga River.[17]

The settlement, meanwhile, served as an important supply station for the United StatesBattle of Lake ErieInsideWar of 1812.[18]Locals adopted CommodoreOliver Hazard Perryas a civic hero and built amonument in his honordecades later.[19]The village of Cleaveland was incorporated on December 23, 1814.[20]Despite the nearby swampy lowlands and harsh winters, the city’s riverside location proved an advantage, giving it access to the trade of the Great Lakes. After its completion in 1832, it developed rapidlyOhio and the Erie Canal. This main connection betweenOhio RiverandBig lakesConnect it to the Atlantic overThe Erie Canaland Hudson River, and then aboutSaint Lawrence Seaway. Its products can reach the above marketsGulf of Mexicothrough theMississippi. The city’s growth continued with the addition of railroad lines.[21]

1831 the spelling of the place name was changed byCleveland Advertisernewspapers. Matching the name in the newspapertitle, the editors omitted the first “a” and reduced the city name toCleveland, which eventually became the official spelling.[22]In 1836, Cleveland, then just on the east bank of the Cuyahoga River, was officially incorporated as a city.[20]In the same year, an open war with neighboring countries almost broke outOhio cityover a span connecting two parishes.[23]Ohio City remained a separate municipality until thenannexationfrom Cleveland in 1854.[20]

Overlook

Hometown of a singing group fromabolitionists,[24][25]Cleveland (codenamed “Station of Hope”) is a key stopsubwayto escapeAfrican American slaveOn the wayCanada.[26]The city also serves asimportant centerto theunionDuring this timeAmerican Civil War.[27][28]Decades later, in July 1894, the war contributions of Confederate soldiers from Cleveland and Cuyahoga counties are recognized with the opening of the city.Monument to Soldiers and Sailorson the People’s Square.[29]

growth and expansion[Editor]

After the war, the city experienced rapid development. Its prime geographic location as a transportation hub between the East Coast and the Midwest has played a key role in its development as a commercial center. 1874,First national character convention for womenheld in Cleveland, and through educationChristian Temperance Women’s Association.[30]Cleveland used to be the destination for iron ore, from where it was shippedMinnesota, along with coal transported by rail. 1870,John D Rockefellerestablishstandard oilin Cleveland. In 1885 he moved his headquarters toNYC, which has developed into a financial and business center.[thirty-one]

In the early 20th century, Cleveland became a major center of American manufacturing. Its business areas include automotive companies such as:Unprecedented, People,Jordan,chandler, andWinton, the maker of the first automobile to be driven across the United States Other Cleveland manufacturers producedsteam poweredCars, including those byWhiteandGaeth, andelectric carPrepared bybaker.[32]The city’s industrial growth was accompanied bybeatand labor unrest when workers demand better working conditions. In 1881-86, 70-80% of the strikes succeeded in improving working conditions in Cleveland.[33]

Known as the “Sixth City” due to its position as the sixth largest city in the United States at the time,[34][35]Cleveland countsera of progressPoliticians among their leaders, most prominentpopulistmayorTom L Johnsonwho is responsible for the developmentPlan of the Cleveland Shopping Center.[36]era ofBeautiful Cities MovementIn Cleveland architecture during this period, wealthy patrons also advocated the establishment of the city’s major cultural institutions. The most prominent among them isCleveland Museum of Art, opened in 1916, andCleveland Orchestra, was founded in 1918.[37][38]

EnglishItalianHungarySlovenespolishingYiddish

Cleveland’s economic growth and industrial employment have made wavesimmigrantout ofsouthandEastern EuropeasIrish.[39]African Americans have immigrated from the countrysouthalso went to Cleveland (among other cities in the Northeast and Midwest) as part ofGreat migrationfor jobs, constitutional rights and relief fromracist.[40]Between 1910 and 1930, Cleveland’s African American population grew by more than 400 percent.[41]Until 1920, the year in whichCleveland Indiansher profitFirst World Series Championship, Cleveland has grown into a densely populated metropolitan area with a population of 796,841 where 30% of the population is foreign-born, making it the fifth largest city in the country.[42][43]At this time, Cleveland saw the rise of radical labor movements aimed at meeting the conditions of the majority of immigrants and immigrant workers. In 1919, the city attracted national attention as part ofFirst red scarto theMay Day riots in Cleveland, in theresociologistDemonstrators clashed with anti-social people.[44][45]

Despite the immigration restrictions of1921and1924, the city’s population continued to grow in the 1920s.To forbidfirst enacted in Ohio in May 1919 (although not well enforced in Cleveland), became law withVolstead Law1920 and finallyrejectednationwide throughconferencein 1933.[forty six]The alcohol ban has led to an increasespeakeasysacross the city and organized crime gangs, such asMayfield Mob. Road, who smuggled booty liquor overLake Eriefrom Canada to Cleveland.[forty six][47]ThatRoaring Twentiesalso saw the formation of Cleveland’splayhouse squareand the rise of risquéShort Vincentamusement parks.[48][49][50]The Bal masked balls frompioneers Kokoon Art Clubscandal for the city.[51][52] jazzbecame famous in Cleveland during this period.[53][54][55]

terminal tower

In 1929, the city hosted the first of manyNational Air Races, andAmelia Earhartfly to the city ofSanta Monica, CaliforniaInsideWomen’s Air Combat(Nicknamed “Powder Puff Derby” byWill Rogers).[56]ThatVan S Toweren brothersstart buildingterminal tower skyscraperIn 1926 and when it was built in 1930, Cleveland had a population of more than 900,000.[57][42]era offlapalso marked the beginning of a golden age in downtown Cleveland retail with an emphasis on large department stores.higbees, Baileys,sewing operation,Taylor’s,Halles, andSterling Lindner Davis, which represents one of thestylishMalls across the country, often compared to New York5th Ave.[58]

Cleveland was hit hardThe collapse of Wall Street in 1929and nextBig Crisis. A center ofunion activities, the city experienced significant labor disputes during this period, including strikes by workers againstfisherman body1936 and againstRepublic of Steelin 1937.[33]The city is also supported by major federal engineering projects funded by the PresidentFranklin D Roosevelt’SNew transaction.[59]To celebrate Cleveland’s centennial as a city,Great Lakes Exhibitiondebuted in the city in June 1936port on the north coast, on the shores of Lake Erie north of downtown.[60]Seen by Cleveland business leaders as a way to revitalize the city during the Depression, it drew four million visitors in its first season and seven million by the end of its second and final season in September 1937.[sixty one]

December 7, 1941Empire of Japan Attack on Pearl Harboranddeclare waron the United States. One of the victims of the attack was a rear admiral from ClevelandIsaac C Kidd.[62]The attack signaled the United States’ entry intoSecond World War. A major hub of “The arsenal of democracy”, Cleveland under the mayorFrank Lauschecontribute massivelyThe US War Effortis the fifth largest manufacturing center in the country.[62]During his tenure, Lausche also oversaw the creation of the Cleveland Transit System, the forerunner ofGreater Cleveland Transportation Authority.[63]

The end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century[Editor]

Cuyahoga RiverapartmentCleveland city center

After the war, Cleveland experienced an economic boom, and businesses declared the city “the best place in the nation.”[sixty-four][65]In 1949 the city was namedToan my cityfor the first time and in 1950 the population reached 914,808.[66][42]In sports, the Indians wonWorld Series 1948, hockey team,baron, became the champion of the United States Hockey League andBrownprofessional dominanceSoccerAs a result, with the production of track and field champions at the time, Cleveland was proclaimed the “City of Champions” in sports.[sixty-seven]The 1950s also saw the growing popularity of a new genre of music that was localWJW (AM)disc shockAlan freedis called “rock and roll music”.[68]

key tower

source of eternal life

Marshal FredericksCleveland Shopping Center

By the 1960s, however, Cleveland’s economy was beginning to slow, and residents increasingly sought new housing in the suburbs, reflecting a statewide trend of post-highway growth in the suburbs.[69]Industrial restructuring, particularly in the railroad and steel industries, resulted in job losses in Cleveland and the region, and the city suffered economic damage. ThatBurning of the Cuyahoga Riverin June 1969 brought national attention to the problemIndustrial pollutionin Cleveland and acted as a catalyst forAmerica’s environmental movement.[70]

Discrimination when looking for housingandred borderanti-African Americans led to race riots in Cleveland and many other North American cities.[71][72]in Cleveland,Hough Rioterupted July 18–23, 1966 andPenalty shootout at Glenvilletook place on July 23-25, 1968.[40]In November 1967, Cleveland became the first major American city to elect an African-American mayor.Carl B Stokes, who served from 1968 to 1971 and played an important role in restoring the Cuyahoga River.[seventy-three][74]

In December 1978, during the turbulent tenure ofDennis KucinichAs mayor, Cleveland became the first major American city since the Great Depression beganfinancial failurefor federal bonds.[75]In the early 1980s, a number of factors including changes in the internationalfree tradepolitics, inflation etcSavings and Credit Crisis, contributerecessionhard-hit cities like Cleveland.[76]While unemployment peaked in 1983, Cleveland’s unemployment rate of 13.8% was higher than the national average as several steel manufacturing centers closed.[77][78][79]

The city begins a gradual economic recovery under the mayorGeorge V Voinovichin the 1980s, downtown was builtkey towerand200 Public Squareskyscrapers, as well as the development ofGateway sports and entertainment complex-consistsprogressive schoolandRocket Mortgage FieldHouse– And the north shore port, includingRock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame,FirstEnergy Stadium, andGreat Lakes Science Center.[80]The city emerged from bankruptcy in 1987.[20]

In the early 21st century, Cleveland managed to develop a more diversified economy and gained a national reputation as a center for health care and the arts. In addition, with the successful clean-up of the Cuyahoga River, it has become a national leader in environmental protection.[81]The city’s inner city has experienced strong economic and population growth since 2010,[82]but the overall population continues to decline.[83]Challenges remain for the city as the economic development of the adjacent areas improvescity ​​school, and continuing to encourage new immigration to Cleveland is a top priority for the city.[84][85]

geography[Editor]

NASA

CorrespondingUnited States Census BureauThe city has a total area of ​​82.47 square miles (213.60 km²).2), of which 77.70 square miles (201.24 km2) is land and 4.77 square miles (12.35 km2) is water.[eighty-six]The shores of Lake Erie at an elevation of 173 m above sea levelSea level; The town, however, is perched on an unusual set of rocky outcrops roughly parallel to the lake. In Cleveland, these jokes are mostly shut downCuyahoga River, Big Creek andEuclid Bach.

Land rises rapidly from a lakefront elevation of 569 feet. Public Square is less than 1 mile inland and is 198 m (650 ft) away and Hopkins Airport, 8 km (5 miles) from the lake is 241 m (791 ft) away.[eighty seven]

Cleveland borders somedial inandtram On site-. It is adjacent to the westLakewood,rock river, andFairview Parkand to the east it bordersshaker heights,Cleveland Heights,South Euclidean, andEast Cleveland. In the southwest it bordersLinddale,Brooklyn,parma, andstream park. The city also borders on the southNewburgh Heights,Cuyahoga Heights, andBrooklyn Heightsand on the southeast it bordersWarrensville Heights,high floor, andGarfield Heights. It borders Cleveland to the northeast along the shores of Lake ErieRoast mealandEuclid.

cityscapes[Editor]

Panorama of Cleveland's Public Square in 1912

Public place

Cleveland city centerEast Ohio Building

Lake Eriekey tower200 Public Squareterminal tower

architecture branch[Editor]

List of tallest buildings in ClevelandNational Register of Historic Places in Cleveland

Euclid Avenue

The architecture of downtown Cleveland is diverse. Many of the city’s government and civic buildings, includingThe town hall, thatCuyahoga District Court, thatCleveland Public Library, andPublic Auditorium, centering and dividing around the open Cleveland Mallneoclassical architecture. Built in the early 20th century as a result of the 1903 group plan, they form one of the most complete examples of City Beautiful design in the United States.[88][89]

Completed in 1927 and inaugurated as part in 1930Cleveland Union StationThe Terminal Tower was the tallest building in North America outside of New York City until 1964 and the tallest in the city until 1991.[57]It’s a prototypeBeaux ArtsSkyscraper. Two newer skyscrapers in Public Square, Key Tower (now the tallest building in Ohio) and Public Square 200 combine elements ofart decoarchitecture withpostmodernDrafts. Cleveland’s architectural treasures also includeCleveland Trust Company building, completed in 1907 and renovated as a city center in 2015Heinens Supermarket,[90]andCleveland Arcade(sometimes called the Old Arcade), a five-story buildingentertainmentBuilt in 1890 and renovated in 2001 as aHyattRegency hotel.[91][92]

Walks east from Public Square past University CircleEuclid Avenue, known for its prestige and elegance as a residential street. In the late 1880s the writerBayard Taylordescribed it as “the most beautiful street in the world”.[ninety three]Known as “Millionaire Row,” Euclid Avenue is world famous for being home to the likes of John D. Rockefeller,Markus Hannah, andJohn Hay.[ninety four][95][96]

Cleveland’s Placesecclesiastical architecturehistory includedOld stone churchin downtown Cleveland anddome-shaped onion Russian Orthodox Church of St. TheodosiusinTremont,[97][98][99]along with countless ethnically inspired Roman Catholic churches.[100]

  • Cleveland Arcade, 1890
  • Cleveland Trust Company building, 1907
  • Connor Palace Theatre, 1922
  • Terminal Tower from Euclid Avenue
  • The Great Hall of the Great Hall, 1931

park and nature[Editor]

Cleveland Metro ParksCleveland Public Park District

Known locally as “Emerald Necklace”,OlmstedtExciting Metropark Cleveland surrounds Cleveland and Cuyahoga counties. The city proper is home to the Lakeside and Brookside Reserves Metroparks, as well as key areas of the Rocky River, Washington, and Euclid Creek Preserves. The Lakefront Preserve, which provides public access to Lake Erie, consists of four parks: Edgewater Park,Whiskey Island – Wendy Park, East 55th Street Marina andGordon Park.[101]Three other parks are managed by Euclid Creek Reserve: Euclid Beach, Villa Angela, and Wildwood Marina.[102]Bike and hiking trails inBrecksvilleand Bedford Reservations, along with Garfield Park further north, provide access to hiking trailsCuyahoga Valley National Park. The extensive network of hiking trails in Cuyahoga Valley National Park stretches southSummit County, to provide accessSummit Metro Parkin addition. Also included in the systemCleveland Metropark’s Zoo, founded in 1882. The zoo is located in the Big Creek Valley and has one of the largest collections ofprimatesin North America.[103]

Cleveland Metroparks offers numerous opportunities for outdoor recreation. Hiking and biking trails, including single-track mountain bike trails, criss-cross the parks.[104]Climbing is available at Whipp’s Ledges on the Hinckley Reservation.[105]During the summer months, visitors can watch kayakers, paddlers, canoeists, and paddlers on the Cuyahoga River and Lake Erie. In the winter months, skiing, snowboarding and tobogganing are available not far from the city centerBoston Mills / Brandy Wineandalpine valleyski resorts.

In addition to Metropark, the Cleveland Public Park District oversees the city’s neighboring parks, the largest of which is Historic Park.Rockefeller Park. The latter are notable for the distinctive late 19th century bridges, the Rockefeller Park Conservatory andCleveland Culture Garden, celebrating the city’s ethnic diversity.[106][107]Just outside of Rockefeller Park,Cleveland Botanical Gardenat University Circle, founded in 1930, is the nation’s oldest municipal garden center.[108]Next,Greater Cleveland Aquarium, located in the historic FirstEnergy Powerhouse inapartment, is the only free-standing, self-contained aquarium in the state of Ohio.[109]

neighborhoods[Editor]

Neighborhoods in Cleveland

Ohio city

The Cleveland City Planning Commission has officially designated 34 Cleveland neighborhoods.[110]central public square,Cleveland city centeris cityBusiness center, including a variety of subdistricts, such asDistrict Nine Twelve, thatcampus, thatadministration center, andplayhouse square. Historically, it also includes the lively entertainment district of Short Vincent, which rose to prominence in the 1920s, peaked in the 1940s and 1950s, and disappeared in the late 1970s with the expansion of National City Bank.[49][50]Mixed areas such ascamp districtandTop artists’ quarter, used by industrial and office buildings as well as restaurants, cafes and bars.[111]number of city centersapartment,attic, and housing has increased since 2000 and especially 2010, reflecting the significant population growth of the surrounding area.[82]Recent developments in the city center also includeThe Euclidean Corridor Projectand the revival ofEast 4th Street.[112]

Clevelanders define themselves geographically as living east or west of the Cuyahoga River.[113]The east includes the area aroundHorse Chestnut – Shaker,Horse Chestnut—Woodhill,center,Collinwood(includingnottingham),Euclidean – Green,Fairfax,Glenville,Goodrich Park-Kirtland(includingAsia city),whoops,relative,Lee—miles(including Lee – Harvard and Lee – Seville),create satisfaction,St. Clair – Superior,Union Park – Miles, andcircle of the university(includingsmall idea). The West includes the area aroundBrooklyn center,Clark-Fulton,coodle,Detroit – Coastal Road,Edgewater,Ohio city,Old Brooklyn,stock,Tremont(includingduck island),western avenueand four neighborhoods, commonly known asWest Park:comb’s corners,jefferson,Bellaire- Puritas, andHopkins. ThatCuyahoga Valleyenvironment (inclapartment) lies between the east and west sides, whileBroadway Village – SlavicThe neighborhood is sometimes referred to as the South Side.

Several neighborhoods have begun to attract the returnee middle class who moved from the city to the suburbs in the 1960s and 1970s. These neighborhoods are located on both the West Side (Ohio City, Tremont, Detroit – Shoreway and Edgewater) and the East (Collinwood, Hough, Fairfax and Little Italy). Much of the growth has been driven by attractioncreative classmembers and thus promotes new housing estates.[114]A live workzoningCoating for the area near the city’s East Side has facilitated the conversion of old industrial buildings into artist lofts.[115]

climate[Editor]

Cleveland
Climate diagram (explanation)
J
f
United States of America
A
United States of America
J
J
A
S
O
WOMEN
EASY

3

36
22

2.5

39
24

3.1

47
first thirty

3.8

60
41

3.8

71
51

3.8

80
sixty one

3.7

84
66

3.6

82
sixty-four

3.9

76
57

3.6

sixty-four
47

3.4

51
37

3

40
28

Minimum and average maximum CPC. Temperature in °F
Total rainfall in inches

data conversion

J
f
United States of America
A
United States of America
J
J
A
S
O
WOMEN
EASY

76

2
−5

63

4
−5

78

8th
−1

95

16
5

96

22
11

97

27
16

ninety three

29
19

90

28
18

100

24
14

91

18
8th

eighty-six

11
3

76

5
−2

Minimum and average maximum CPC. Temperature in °C
Total precipitation in mm

Lake Erie

Typical of the Great Lakes region, Cleveland aContinental climatewith four distinct seasons, is located inwet continent(Koppen Dfa)[116]Region. Summers are hot and humid while winters are cold and snowy. The shoreline of Lake Erie runs very closely in an east-west direction from the mouth of the Cuyahoga River to the westSandusky, but at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River it turns northeast. This feature is the main contributor to thatSnow Lake Effectthis is typical in Cleveland (particularly east of the city) from mid-November until Lake Erie freezes over, usually in late January or early February. The lake effect also causes relative differences in the city’s total geographic snowfall: while Hopkins Airport, in the city’s far west, has recorded just 254 cm of snowfall three times during a season since the snow record began. 1893,[117]Seasonal totals approaching or exceeding 100 inches (254 cm) are not uncommon for the town to rise into the Highlands to the east, where the area is known as “snow band’Begin. How far does the snow belt extend from east of the city and its suburbs to the shores of Lake Erie?buffalo.[118]

Cleveland’s all-time high of 40°C (104°F) was reached on June 25, 1988.[119]and the all-time record low of −20 °F (−29 °C) was set on January 19, 1994.[120]On average, July is the warmest month with an average temperature of 23.6 °C and January is the coldest month with an average temperature of -1.6 °C. Usually every yearprecipitationbased on a 30-year average from 1991 to 2020 of 41.03 inches (1,042 mm).[121]The least amount of precipitation falls in the west and directly along the lake, most precipitation in the eastern suburbs. parts ofCounty Geaugaeast receives more than 1,100 mm of liquid precipitation annually.[122]

Climate data for Cleveland (Cleveland Airport), Standard 1991–2020, [a] Poles 1871–present [b]
Month January February To damage April Can June July August September October November December Five
Record High °F (°C) 73 (23) 77 (25) 83 (28) 88 (31) 93 (34) 104 (40) 103 (39) 102 (39) 101 (38) 93 (34) 82 (28) 77 (25) 104 (40)
Maximum means °F (°C) 58.9 (14.9) 60.8 (16.0) 70.8 (21.6) 80.3 (26.8) 86.7 (30.4) 91.8 (33.2) 92.7 (33.7) 91.3 (32.9) 88.8 (31.6) 80.5 (26.9) 68.9 (20.5) 60.0 (15.6) 93.9 (34.4)
Average High °F (°C) 35.8 (2.1) 38.5 (3.6) 47.1 (8.4) 60.1 (15.6) 71.1 (21.7) 79.8 (26.6) 83.7 (28.7) 82.0 (27.8) 75.6 (24.2) 63.7 (17.6) 51.3 (10.7) 40.4 (4.7) 60.8 (16.0)
Daily Average °F (°C) 29.1 (-1.6) 31.1 (-0.5) 38.9 (3.8) 50.4 (10.2) 61.2 (16.2) 70.4 (21.3) 74.5 (23.6) 73.0 (22.8) 66.4 (19.1) 55.1 (12.8) 44.0 (6.7) 34.3 (1.3) 52.4 (11.3)
Moderate Low °F (°C) 22.3 (−5.4) 23.7 (−4.6) 30.7 (-0.7) 40.8 (4.9) 51.4 (10.8) 61.1 (16.2) 65.3 (18.5) 63.9 (17.7) 57.1 (13.9) 46.5 (8.1) 36.7 (2.6) 28.2 (−2.1) 44.0 (6.7)
Minimum Average °F (°C) 1.3 (−17.1) 4.0 (−15.6) 12.2 (−11.0) 25.9 (-3.4) 36.2 (2.3) 45.9 (7.7) 53.3 (11.8) 51.6 (10.9) 43.0 (6.1) 32.1 (0.1) 20.8 (−6.2) 9.8 (−12.3) −2.2 (−19.0)
Record Low °F (°C) −20 (−29) −17 (−27) −5 (−21) 10 (-12) 25 (-4) 31 (-1) 41 (5) 38 (3) 32 (0) 19 (-7) 0 (-18) −15 (−26) −20 (−29)
Rainfall average inches (mm) 2.99 (76) 2.49 (63) 3.06 (78) 3.75 (95) 3.79 (96) 3.83 (97) 3.67 (93) 3.56 (90) 3.93 (100) 3.60 (91) 3.37 (86) 2.99 (76) 41.03 (1,042)
Average snowfall in inches (cm). 18.4 (47) 15.1 (38) 10.8 (27) 2.7 (6.9) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.1 (0.25) 4.5 (11) 12.2 (31) 63.8 (162)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 17.7 14.6 14.6 14.8 13.4 11.5 10.7 10.3 10.1 12.1 13.1 15.6 158.5
Average snow days (≥ 0.01 inch) 13.5 10.5 7.2 2.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 3.8 8.4 45.8
Average relative humidity (%) 73.3 73.0 70.4 66.1 67.3 69.0 69.8 73.1 73.7 70.8 71.9 74.1 71.0
Average monthly hours of sunshine 101.0 122.3 167.0 216.0 263.6 294.6 307.2 262.2 219.0 169.5 89.8 67.8 2,280
Percentage of possible sunshine 34 41 45 54 59 65 sixty-seven sixty one 59 49 30 24 51
Average UV index 2 2 4 6 7 9 9 8th 6 4 2 First 5
Source 1: NOAA (RH and Sun 1961–1990) [123] [124] [125]
Source 2: Weather map [126] (sunshine data)
Climate data for Cleveland
Month January February To damage April Can June July August September October November December Five
Average Sea Water Temperature °F (°C) 34.0 (1.1) 33.2 (0.6) 33.5 (0.8) 40.6 (4.8) 50.5 (10.3) 66.5 (19.2) 76.2 (24.5) 76.3 (24.6) 71.2 (21.8) 62.0 (16.7) 50.5 (10.3) 39.3 (4.1) 52.8 (11.6)
Average daily hours during the day 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 14.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 9.0 12.3
Source: weather map [126]

Demographic[Editor]

Demographics of Cleveland

Five Pop music. ±%
1820 606
1830 1,075 77.4%
1840 6,071 464.7%
1850 17,034 180.6%
1860 43,417 154.9%
1870 92,829 113.8%
1880 160.146 72.5%
1890 261,353 63.2%
1900 381,768 46.1%
1910 560,663 46.9%
1920 796,841 42.1%
1930 900,429 13.0%
1940 878,336 −2.5%
1950 914,808 4.2%
1960 876,050 −4.2%
1970 750,903 −14.3%
1980 573,822 −23.6%
1990 505,616 −11.9%
2000 478,403 −5.4%
2010 396,815 −17.1%
year 2020 372,624 −6.1%
Source: United States Census Records and Census Estimates Program data. [42] [127] [11]
breed composition Year 2020 [11] 2010 [128] 1990 [129] 1970 [129] 1940 [129]
White 40.0% 37.3% 49.5% sixty one% 90.3%
– Not Spanish 33.8% 33.4% 47.8% 59.4% [c] 90.2%
Black or African American 48.8% 53.3% 46.6% 38.3% 9.6%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 11.9% 10.0% 4.6% 1.9%[c] 0.1%
Asia 2.6% 1.8% 1.0% 0.2%

  White

  Black

  Spanish

  Asia

  Miscellaneous

In 2020census, there are 372,624 people and 170,549 households in the city. The population density is 4,901.51 people per square mile (1,892.5/km²).2).[11]

The median household income in the city is $30,907. The city’s per capita income is $21,223. 32.7% of the population live below the poverty line. Of the city’s residents over the age of 25, 17.5% have a bachelor’s degree or higher, and 80.8% have a high school diploma or equivalent.[11]

According to the 2010 Census, 29.7% of Cleveland households had a child under the age of 18, 22.4% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder, unmarried, 6.0% had a male landlord without a wife. present, and 46.4% are not familial. 39.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.7% have a single person aged 65 or older. The average household size is 2.29 and the average family size is 3.11.[130]

In 2010, the median age of the city was 35.7 years. 24.6% of residents are under 18 years old; 11% are between 18 and 24 years old; 26.1% from 25 to 44; 26.3% from 45 to 64; and 12% are 65 years or older. The city’s gender ratio is 48.0% male and 52.0% female.[128]

nation[Editor]

Shiloh Baptist Baptist Church

Hang Thuan Festivalsmall idea

KurentovanjeSt. Clair Superior

According to the 2020 census, the racial makeup of the city is 40.0%White, 48.8% African American, 0.5%American natives, 2.6%Asiaand 4.4% ofTwo or more races.Hispanic or Latino peopleeach race makes up 11.9% of the population.[11]

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Cleveland saw a large wave of immigrants from Ireland,Italy, andAustria-Hungary,German,Russian, andOttomanEmpires, most attracted to manufacturing jobs.[39]As a result, Cleveland and Cuyahoga County have sizable communities todayIrish(especially in Kamm’s Corners and other areas of West Park),Italian(especially in and around Little ItalyMayfield Street),German, and somecenter-Peoples of Eastern Europe, includingCzechs,Hungary,Lithuanians,Poland,Romans,Russian,Rusyns,Slovaks,Ukrainians, and for example:Yugoslaviagroup, such asThe Slovenes,CroatiansandSerbian.[39]The presence ofThe right Hungarian from the Cleveland areaAt one point the city was so large that it had the highest concentration of Hungarians in the outside world.Budapest.[131]Cleveland has onejewish community, which was historically centered in the East Side neighborhoods of Glenville and Kinsman, but is now primarily centered on East Side suburbs such as Cleveland Heights and Cleveland Heightsbeach wood, the home ofMaltz Museum of Jewish Heritage.[132]

The availability of jobs also attracted African Americans from the South. From 1920 to 1970, Cleveland’s black population, concentrated primarily on the east side of the city, increased dramatically as a result of the First Ward andThe second great migration of peoples.[40]Cleveland’s Latino community is primarily made up ofPuerto Rican people, who make up more than 80% of the city’s Hispanic/Latino population, as well as a smaller number of immigrantsMexico,Cuba, thatDominican Republic,southandCentral America, andSpain.[133]The city’s Asian community, centered in historic Asiatown, includeschinese people,Korean,Vietnameseand other groups.[134]In addition, cities and counties have significant communitiesAlbanians,[135] Arab(particularlyLebanese,Syrians, andPalestinian),[136] Armenians,[137] French,[138] Greek,[139] Iranians,[140] Point,[39] Turkish,[141]andwest indians.[39]A 2020 analysis found Cleveland to be the most ethnically and racially diverse city in Ohio.[142]

Many ethnic celebrations take place in Cleveland throughout the year, such as the annual festivalHang Thuan Festivalin Little Italy, RussianMaslenitsain Rockefeller Park, Cleveland Puerto Rico Festival and Parade in Clark-Fulton, Cleveland Asia Festival in Asiatown, Greek Festival in Tremont and Romania Festival in West Park. supplierwest marketin Ohio City has a wide variety of ethnic foods for sale. Cleveland also hosts Polish each yearDyngus Dayand SlovenianKurentovanjeCelebration.[143][144]City yearbookSt. Patrick’s DayParade brings hundreds of thousands of people to downtown streets.[145]ThatCleveland Thyagaraja FestivalTakes place every springCleveland State Universityis the biggestIndianclassical music and dance festivals in the outside worldIndia.[146]The city has celebrated World Day every year since 1946Cleveland Culture Gardenin Rockefeller Park and celebrates all of its ethnic communities.[107]

religion[Editor]

Russian Orthodox Church of St. TheodosiusTremont

The influx of immigrants in the 19th and early 20th centuries drastically changed Cleveland’s religious landscape. From a homogeneous New England settlementProtestants, it has developed into a city with a diverse religious makeup. The primary belief of the Clevelanders today isChristianity(Catholic, gospel &EastandEastern Orthodox), WithJewish,Islam,Hindus, andBuddhistsMinority.[147]

language[Editor]

From 2020[To update], 85.3% of Cleveland residents age 5 and older speak English as their primary language at home.[11]14.7% speak foreign languages, includingSpanish,Arabic,chinese people,Albanians, and moreSlavic language(Russian,polishing,Serbo-Croatian, andSlovenes).[11]

immigration[Editor]

In 1920, Cleveland had a foreign-born population of 30%, and in 1870 that proportion was 42%.[43]Although Cleveland’s foreign-born population is not as large today as it once was, the sense of identity among the city’s diverse ethnic communities is still strong, as reflected in the Cleveland Cultural Gardens. Within Cleveland, the neighborhoods with the highest foreign-born populations were Asiatown/Goodrich – Kirtland Park (32.7%), Clark – Fulton (26.7%), West Boulevard (18.5%), Brooklyn Center (17, 3%), Downtown (17.2%), University Circle (15.9%, with 20% in Little Italy), and Jefferson (14.3%).[148]The recent wave of immigration has brought new groups to Cleveland, includingEthiopianandSouth Asians,[149]as well as immigrantsRussiaandThe former Soviet Union,[150][151] Southeast Europe(particularlyAlbania),[135]thatmiddle East,East Asia, andLatin America.[39]In the 2010s, the immigrant population of Cleveland and Cuyahoga County began to grow significantly, becoming one of the fastest growing immigrant centers in the Great Lakes region.[85]A 2019 study found that Cleveland has the shortest average immigrant processing times nationwide.Citizens of the United States of America.[152]The city’s annual World One Day at Rockefeller Park includes a naturalization ceremony for new immigrants.[107]

So economical[Editor]

The Economy of Greater Cleveland

Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Cleveland’s location on the Cuyahoga River and Lake Erie was key to its development. The Ohio and Erie canals and railroads made the city an important business center. Steel and many other manufactured goods developed into leading industries. Since then, the city has diversified its economy beyond manufacturing.[Twelfth][153][33]

founded in 1914,Federal Reserve Bank of Clevelandis one of 12 United Statesfederal reserve Bank.[154]The downtown building at East 6th Street and Superior Avenue was completed in 1923 by the Cleveland architectural firm.walker and week.[155]Headquartered in the Fourth District of the Federal Reserve System, the bank employs 1,000 people and has offices incincinnatiandPittsburgh.[154]Thatexecutive DirectorandchairmanTo beLoretta master.[156]

tradeDaniel Chester in FrenchU.S. Court of Metzenbaum

The city is also home to many large companies such asAleris,American greetings,Applied industrial technology,Mettler-Toledo,Cleveland Cliffs, Inc.,meal,city ​​forestry, Heinen’s Fine Foods,Material handling by Hyster-Yale,KeyCorp,Lincoln Electric,Ohio Medical Mutuality,Moen Incorporated,NACCO Industries,northson,OM.Group,Parker-Hannifin,PolyOne,Progressive,International speed,The Sherwin Williams Society,steris,Swagelok,things to remember,The Third Confederacy WILL,TransDigm Group,America’s Tourist Centerandvitamin mix.NASAmaintain a facility in Cleveland,Glenn, Research Center.Jones day, one of the largest law firms in the United States, was incorporated in Cleveland.[157]

ThatCleveland Clinicis the largest private employer in Cleveland and Ohio with more than 50,000 employees in 2019[To update].[158]It has the distinction of being one of the top US hospitals with top ratings published inUS News.[159]Cleveland’s healthcare sector also includesCleveland University Hospital Medical Center,MetroHealthmedical center and the insurance company Medical Mutual of Ohio. Cleveland is also notable in areasbiotechnologyandfuel cellsResearch led byCase Western Reserve University, Cleveland Clinic and Cleveland Clinic. The city is among the top recipients of investments for start-ups and biotechnology research.[160]

Technology is another emerging field in Cleveland. In 2005, the city appointed a “tech king” to recruit technology companies for the downtown office market and provide connectivity to the high-speed fiber optic network that runs beneath the streets in a series of “high-tech offices” in the center Euclid Avenue.[161]Cleveland State University hired a technology transfer officer to improve technology transfer from CSU research to marketable ideas and businesses in the Cleveland area. Local observers have noted that the city is evolving from a manufacturing-based economy to a medical technology-based economy.[162]

training[Editor]

Primary and Secondary Education[Editor]

Cleveland Metropolitan School District is the second largest schoolK-12county in the state of Ohio. It is the only county in Ohio under the direct control of the mayor, who appoints oneplank.[163]Approximately 1 square mile (2.6 km.)2) of Cleveland, adjacent toShaker Squareneighborhood, be a part of itSchool District of the City of Shaker Heights. This area, which has been part of the Shaker School District since the 1920s, allows these Clevelanders to pay the same school taxes as Shaker residents and to vote in Shaker school board elections.[164]

Adelbert HallCase Western Reserve University

Eligible Cleveland Parish and private schools includeBenedictine High School, birch wood school,Cleveland Central Catholic High School,Eleanor Gerson School,Montessori high school in the university district,Gymnasium St. Ignatius,Academy Saint Joseph,Villa Angela-St. Joseph High School, municipal community school,Saint Martin of Porres, and the Bridge Avenue School.[165]

university education[Editor]

Cleveland is home to a number of colleges and universities. The most prominent among them isCase Western Reserve University(CWRU), a widely recognized teaching and research organization within the University Circle. As a private university with a number of outstanding graduate programs, CWRU is ranked 40th nationally in 2020US News.[166]University Circle also includesCleveland Institute of the ArtsandCleveland Institute of Music.Cleveland State University(CSU), based in Downtown Cleveland, is the city’s four-year public university. In addition to the CSU, the city center also houses the urban campus of theCuyahoga Community College, the county’s two-year college.Ohio Technical Collegealso based in Cleveland.[167]Among the colleges and universities in the suburbs of Cleveland areBaldwin Wallace UniversityinBerea,John Carroll Universityinuniversity heights,Ursuline Collegeinpepperfish, andNotre Dame Collegein South Euclidean.[168]

public library system[Editor]

Cleveland Public Library

Cleveland Public Library

Founded in 1869, the Cleveland Public Library is one of thelargest public librarynationwide with a collection of 10,559,651 documents in 2018.[169]It isJohn G. WhiteSpecial collection includes the largestchess libraryaround the world as well as an important collection offolkloreand rare books about the Middle East andEurasia.[170][171][172]Under librarianshipWilliam Howard Brett, the library has adopted an “open shelf” philosophy, allowing users to access the library’s bookshelves.[173][174]Brett’s successor,Linda Ostman, who was the first woman ever to head a major library system in the world.[175]She oversaw the construction of the main library building on Superior Avenue, designed by Walker and Weeks and opened on May 6, 1925.[173] David Lloyd George,British Prime Ministerlaid the foundation stone for the building from 1916 to 1922.[176]The addition of the Louis Stokes wing was completed in April 1997.[173]From 1904 to 1920 15 librariesbuilt with funds from Andrew Carnegiewas opened in the city.[177]Known as “The People’s University”, the library currently has 27 branches.[169]It serves as the headquarters forCLEVNET library consortium, which includes more than 40 public library systems in the Cleveland metropolitan area and northeast Ohio.[178]

Cultural[Editor]

Genre: Cleveland CultureCleveland School (arts community)

Performing Arts[Editor]

Franz Welser-MöstCleveland Orchestra

Cleveland is home to Playhouse Square, the second largest performing arts center in the United States after New York CityLincoln Center.[179]Playhouse Square includesstatus,palace,everyone,Hanna, andOhioTheaters in the area known as the Cleveland Theater District.[180]organization centerBroadway musicals, special concerts, lectures and other events throughout the year. Resident performing arts companies includeCleveland Ballet, thatCleveland International Film Festival, thatCleveland playhouse, Cleveland State University School of Drama and Dance, DANCECleveland,Great Lakes Theater Festivaland Tri-C Jazz Fest.[181]A city with a strong tradition intheatreanddiversity, Cleveland has produced many famous performers, especially comediansBob Hope.[182]

Outside of Playhouse Square is ClevelandHouse of Karamu, the country’s oldest African-American theater, founded in 1915.[183]To the west, Gordon Square Arts District in Detroit – Shoreway is the site of the Capitol Theater,Near the West Theater, and aOff Off Broadwayplayhouse,Cleveland Public Theater.[184]Cleveland’s streetcar suburbs, including Cleveland Heights and Lakewood, are home toDobama TheaterandArt Center Beckcorresponding.[185]

Cleveland is home to the Cleveland Orchestra, considered by many to be one of the best orchestras in the world and often the best in the country.[186]It’s one of”Big Five”Great Orchestras in the United States.[187]The Cleveland Orchestra performs at Severance Hall in College Circle during the winter and atThriving Music CenterinCuyahoga Fallsduring summer.[188]The city is also home toCleveland Pops Orchestra, thatCleveland Youth Orchestra, thatContemporary Youth Orchestra, thatCleveland Youth Wind Symphony, and every two yearsCleveland International Piano Competitionthis used to be the Cleveland Orchestra.

One Playhouse Square, now Cleveland’s headquarterspublic broadcaster, was originally used as the WJW (AM) broadcast studio, where discus player Alan Freed first popularized the term “rock and roll”.[68]Cleveland gained a solid reputation on the rock scene in the 1960s and 1970s as a major breakout market for nationally funded artists and performers.[189]Such was his popularity in the city that Billy Bass, program director atWMMSRadio station calling Cleveland the “Rock and Roll Capital of the World.”[189]ThatCleveland Agora Theater and Ballroomhas been a major rock concert venue in the city since the 1960s.[190]From 1974 to 1980, the city hosted the eventWorld Rock seriesinCleveland City Stadium.[191]

Jazz and CHEAPLouis Armstrong,Taxi Calloway,Duke Ellington,Ella Fitzgerald,Dizzy Gillespie,Benny Gutman,Holiday Billie, andDon RedmanPerformances around town and the legendary pianistArt Tatumplayed regularly in Cleveland clubs in the 1930s.[54][55] Gypsy jazz musicguitaristDjango Reinhardthad his first concert in the United States in Cleveland in 1946.[192]Famous jazz musiciansNoble SisslegraduatedCleveland Central High School,Arti Shawworked and performed in Cleveland early in his career and was a member of a bandPhil SpitalnyConducted his first orchestra in Cleveland. The Tri-C Jazz Fest has been held annually in Cleveland at Playhouse Square since 1979, and the Cleveland Jazz Orchestra was founded in 1984.[54][55]Documentary by Joe Siebertthe saxabout the life of the Cleveland street saxophonistMaurice Reedus Jr.was released in 2014.[193]

Only oneasdCleveland scene. 1997 hip hop group ClevelandHooligan bones and harmonywon aForeignfor her song”That. Crossing”.[194]

The city also has a history ofDot patternpopular music both past and present, there is even a sub-branch calledCleveland style polka dotsnamed and housed after the cityPolka Hall of Fame. This is partly due to the success ofFrankie Yankovic, a Cleveland native is consideredKing Polka of America.Place at the intersection of Waterloo Road and East 152nd Street in Cleveland (41°34’08″N 81°34’31″W / 41.569°N 81.5752°W / 41.569; -81.5752), not far from where Yankovic grew up, named after him.[195]

Movie and TV[Editor]

Category: Movies set in ClevelandCategory: Movies Shot in Cleveland

playhouse squareCleveland International Film Festival

Cleveland served as a base for manylarge studioandindependent lifemovies and aboveHistory of American Cinema, it’s even a film production center. The first film was shot in Cleveland in 1897Edison Co.[196]In frontHollywoodAs the center of American cinema, filmmaker Samuel R. Brodsky and playwright Robert H. McLaughlin ran a studio inAndrewMansion on Euclid Avenue (nowWEWS TVStudio).[197]It is mainly produced theresilent erafunctions, such asDangerous toy(1921), now consideredlost.[196]Brodsky also directs weeklySimple dealer screen magazinewas shown in Cleveland and Ohio theaters from 1917 to 1924.[196]

Inside “walkie talkie”Epochs, Cleveland stands out in so manyclassic Hollywood films, such asHoward Hawks’SNo blanket(1936) withJames CagneyandPat O’Brien, andHobart Henleyromantic comedybig pond(1930) withMaurice ChevalierandClaudette Colbertwho the hit song “You brought me a new kind of love”.[196] Michael Curtis1933codeclassicGoodbyeWithWarren WilliamandJoan BlondelPlays in Cleveland. player out1948 Cleveland Indians, winnerworld series, appear inThe boy from Cleveland(1949). Cleveland City Stadium featured in both this film and this filmThe Fortune Cookie(1966). writing and directingBill Wilder, the latter is markedWalter Matthewandjack lemmonFirst screen collaboration and gameday featuresscenelater1965 Brown.[196]

play media

Cleveland Fire DepartmentEdison Co

Other films set in Cleveland include, among othersJules Dasin’SRigid!(1968) andNorman Jewison’SFIST.(1978), later thereSylvester Stalloneas grassroots union leader.PaulSimonchose Cleveland as the opening of his only filmmaking adventure,Pony One trick(1980). ClevelanderJim Jarmusch’SStranger than paradise(1984) – supraexpressionlessComedy about two New Yorkers who travel to Florida via Cleveland – a favorite ofCannes Film Festival, to winCamera d’Or.[196]Bothmain tournament(1989) andOberliga II(1994) reflectrealistic eternal struggleof the Cleveland Indians in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s.[196]Some important scenes fromCameron Crowe’SAlmost famous(2000) is set in Cleveland and bothAnttwone Fisher(2002) andsoloist(2009) tells the real-life stories of Cleveland Native Americans. BrothersyeahandAnthony Russo—Native Clevelanders — filmed their comedyWelcome to Collinwood(2002) completeon siteIn the city.American grandeur(2003) – thestoryofHarvey Pekar, the author ofautobiographical comic of the same name- Also filmed in Cleveland.Kill the Irish(2011) depicts field fighting in Cleveland in the 1970s between Irish mobsDanny Greenand the Cleveland crime family whiledraft date(2014) FunctionsKevin Costneris the general manager of the Browns.[196][198]

Cleveland doubled down for other filming locations in the film as well. Wedding and reception scene indeer hunter(1978) while set in the small suburbs of PittsburghClairton, filmed in Cleveland’s Tremont;US steelalso allowed film production at one of the Cleveland factories.Francis Ford CoppolamanufacturingBreaking the law is art(1982) was filmed mostly in downtown Cleveland.christmas story(1983) is usedIndiana, but painted many of its exteriors – including the Parker family home – from Cleveland. Opening pictures fromAir Force One(1997) was filmed in and on the Leave Lobby. Downtown Cleveland also doubles for New York inSpiderman 3(2007) and the culmination ofThe Avengers(2012). More recentlyCaptain America: Winter Soldier(2014),The fate of the angry(2017) andJudas and the Black Messiah(2021) were all filmed in Ho Chi Minh City. Future Cleveland products will be managed byGreater Cleveland Film Commission.[196][198][199]

On TV, the city is the setting of the popular TV station sitcomThe Drew Carey Show, with natives of ClevelandDrew Carey.[200] Hot in Cleveland, a comedy that continued to airTV country, which premiered on June 16, 2010 and ran for six seasons until ending on June 3, 2015.[201][202]The following episodes of the reality showKeeping up with the Kardashianswas filmed partially in Cleveland after the Star seriesKhloe Kardashianbegan a relationship with the Cleveland Cavalierscenter Tristan Thompson.[203] Cleveland Hustle, thatCNBCreality show byLebron JamesIt was filmed in the city.[184]

literature[Editor]

jazz poetLangston Hughes

Langston Hughes, the major poet ofHarlem Renaissanceand son of a traveling couple, lived in Cleveland as a teenager and attended Cleveland Central High School in the 1910s.[204]At Central High School, Hughes was taught byHelen Maria Chestnut, daughter of the famous African American writer, born in ClevelandCharles W. Chestnut.[205]He also wrote for the school newspaper and began writing his earlier plays, poems, and short stories while living in Cleveland.[204]African-American poet of the avant-gardeRussell Atkinsalso live in Cleveland.[206]

American modern poetcrane hardborn nearbyGarrettsville, Ohioin 1899. His youth was divided between Cleveland and Akron before moving to New York City in 1916. In addition to his factory job during World War I, he was also a reporter forSimple agentfor a short time before they find acceptancemodernistliterary context. A small memorial park is dedicated to Crane on the left bank of the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland. In University Circle is a historical marker at his childhood home in Cleveland at E. 115 near the intersection of Euclid Avenue. There is a statue of him on the campus of Case Western Reserve University, designed by the sculptorWilliam McVey, behind the Kelvin Smith Library.[207]

Cleveland is the hometown ofJoe SchusterandJerry Seal, who created the manga charactersupermanin 1932.[208]Both were thereGlenville High School, and their initial collaboration led to the formation of “Man of Steel”.[209] Harlan Ellison, noted author ofspeculative fiction, born 1934 in Cleveland; His family then moved to a nearby townPainesville, although Ellison returned to Cleveland in 1949. As a young man he published a number of short stories which appeared inCleveland News; He has also acted in a number of productions for the Cleveland Play House.D.A. Levywrote: “Cleveland: Rectal Eye Visions”. Mysterious AuthorRichard MontanariThe first three novelsDifferent way,Purple Hour, andDevil’s KissPlays in Cleveland. mystery writer,Les Roberts’SMilan JacobichThe series is also set in Cleveland. Author and resident of Ohio,Jacob Rennerput hisdebut novel,The man from Primrose Lanein Cleveland today.

ThatCleveland State University Poetry Centerserved as an academic center for poetry. Cleveland continued to have a thriving literary and poetic community,[210][211]with regular poetry readings in bookstores, coffee shops and more.[212]

Cleveland is the location ofAnisfield-Wolf Book Prize, founded by poet and philanthropistEdith Anisfield Wolfin 1935, who recognized books that made important contributions to understanding racism and human diversity.[213]Presented by the Cleveland Foundation, it remains the only American book award that focuses on works that address racism and diversity.[214]In an earlyGay and Lesbian Studiesanthology entitled Lavender Culture,[215]a short film by John Kelsey “Cleveland Bar Scenes in the Forties” that discusses gay and lesbian culture in Cleveland and the unique experiences of female amateur impersonators that exist alongside New York and San FranciscoLGBTchildren culture.[216]

museums and galleries[Editor]

List of museums in Cleveland

Cleveland Museum of Artcircle of the university

Cleveland has two mainArt museum. The Cleveland Museum of Art is a major American art museum with a collection that includes more than 40,000 works of art spanning more than 6,000 yearsantique masterpiecearrivecontemporary works.[217]ThatCleveland Museum of Contemporary Artshowcases established and emerging artists, particularly from the Cleveland area, through the organization and hosting of temporary exhibitions.[218]Both museums offer visitors free admission, with the Cleveland Museum of Art claiming that their museums are open “for the benefit of all forever.”[37][217][218]

Both museums are also part of the Cleveland University Circle, which spans 550 acres (2.2 km).2) Concentrates cultural, educational and medical facilities 5 miles (8.0 km) east of downtown. In addition to art museums, the neighborhood includes the Cleveland Botanical Gardens, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospital, Severance Hall,Cleveland Museum of Natural History, andWestern Reserve Historical Association. Also located in University CircleCleveland Cinemathequeat the Cleveland Institute of the Arts, honored byNew York Timesis one of the best alternative cinemas in the country.[219]

Rock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame

Cleveland is the hometown ofI.M. PeiThe uniquely designed Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is located on the banks of the Lake Erie River in downtown North Coast Harbor. Nearby attractions include FirstEnergy Stadium, Great Lakes Science Center,Steamship Mather Museum, andUSS code, Second World WarSubmarine. Designed by ArchitectLevi T ScofieldThe Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Public Square is Cleveland’s premier Civil War memorial and a major city attraction.[29]Other city attractions include the Lorenzo Carter Cabin,[17]thatGray’s armory,[220]Cleveland Police Museum,[221]and the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland Money Museum.[222]A Cleveland holiday attraction, especially for the fansJean Shepherd’Schristmas story, to beChristmas Story House and Museumin Tremont.[223]

incident[Editor]

The Cleveland International Film Festival has been held annually since 1977 and attracted a record 106,000 people in 2017.[224] Cleveland Fashion Week, the city’s annual fashion event, is the third largest fashion show of its kind in the United States.[225]ThatCleveland National Air Show, an indirect successor ofNational Air Races, took place every yearBurke Lakefront Airportsince 1964.[226]Sponsored by the Great Lakes Brewing Company, the Great Lakes Burning River Fest, a two-day beer and music festival on Whiskey Island, has been held annually since 2001.[227]Proceeds from this festival benefit the Burning River Foundation, a local non-profit organization dedicated to “enhancing, preserving and celebrating the freshwater vitality of the [Cleveland] region.[228]Cleveland also hosts an annual holiday celebration and light show, known as Winterfest, which takes place downtown in the city’s historic center, Public Square.[229]

Culinary[Editor]

west marketOhio city

Cleveland’s mosaic of ethnic communities and diverse culinary traditions has long played an important role in defining local cuisine. Examples of this can be found in the immediate vicinity, e.gsmall idea,Slavic villageand Tremont.

Cleveland’s local staples include numerous Polish and Central European contributions, such asKielbasa,cabbage rollandpierogi.[230]Cleveland also has a lot to offermuscle of the cow, featuring nationally famous Slyman’s, near the East Side, a longtime winner of various awardsEsquire Magazine, including being named America’s Best Cornbread in 2008.[231]Other famous breads include Cleveland Original,Polish boy, a local favorite found in many BBQ and soul food restaurants.[230][232]In order toblue collarRoots intact and many lakes Erieperchavailable, the tradition of Friday eveningsfried fishis still alive and well in Cleveland, especially in church settings and during Lent.[233]

Cleveland is known worldwide for its famous food culture. Local celebrities including chefMichael Symonandfood writer Michael Ruhlman, both of which have garnered local and national attention for their contributions to the culinary world. On November 11, 2007, Symon helped garner attention when he went to the “The next iron cook”Abovefood web. In 2007, Ruhlman collaborated withAnthony Bourdainto make a episode of himAnthony Bourdain: No reservationFocus on Cleveland’s dining scene.[234]

National Food Press – including publicationsgourmet,court,Mr.andplayboy– Wasted multiple Cleveland locations for awards including Best New Restaurant, Best Steakhouse, Best Farm-to-Table Show, and Great Restaurant in the New Neighborhood. early 2008,ChicagoTribunepublished an article in the “Tourism” section declaring Cleveland America’s “Favorite New Restaurant Town.”[234]In 2015, the city was named the seventh best culinary city in the countrytimeDiary.[235]

brewery[Editor]

Ohio produces the fifth largest beer in the United States, with the largest brewery being Cleveland’s.Great Lakes Brewing Company.[236]With a long brewing history associated with many ethnic immigrants, Cleveland has reemerged as a regional manufacturing leader in recent decades.[237]Today, dozens of breweries exist within the city limits, including major manufacturers such asBrewery Nurseryandplatform beer company.

Breweries can be found throughout the city, but the highest concentration is inOhio cityNeighbor.[238]Cleveland is also home to extensions from other nations, including Scotlandbrow dogand GermanHofbrauhaus.[239][240]

Sports[Editor]

Sports in ClevelandHistory of the Cleveland DefendersHistory of the Cleveland BrownsHistory of the Cleveland CavaliersList of Cleveland sports teams

Cleveland CavaliersRocket Mortgage FieldHouse

Cleveland BrownsFirstEnergy Stadium

Cleveland’s current major professional sports teams includeCleveland defender(Major League Baseball), thatCleveland Browns(National Football League), thatCleveland Cavaliers(national basketball federation), thatCleveland Crunch(Major Arena Soccer League 2), andCleveland Monster(American Ice Hockey League). Local sports facilities includeprogressive school,FirstEnergy Stadium,Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse, andWolstein Center. ThatCleveland MonsterlaterAmerican Ice Hockey LeaguewonCalder Cup 2016, the first Cleveland AHL team to do so since1964Baron.[241]Other professional teams in the city includeCleveland Fees(NBA G League), thatCleveland merger(League of Women’s Soccer) andCleveland SC(Premier League national football).

The Cleveland Defenders, who were called Indians from 1915 to 2021, wonworld seriesin1920and1948. You also wonAmerican style tournamentPennant, put the World Series in1954,1995,1997, and2016seasons. Between1995and2001, Jacobs Field (now known as Progressive Field) sold out 455 straight games, a record in Major League Baseball until it was broken in 2008.[242]

Historically, Browns is one of the most successful franchises in the worldAmerican Footballhistory, won eight titles in a short span of time—1946,1947,1948,1949,1950,1954,1955, and1964. The Browns have never played in onesuper bowl, approach five times by walking toNFL/AFC Championship Gamein1968,1969,1986,1987, and1989. old masterart model’SThe Browns’ resettlementaccording to1995 season(arriveBaltimorecreateravens), caused immense grief and outrage among local fans.[243]mayor of cleveland,Michael R. White, worked with the NFL and the commissionerPaul Tagliabueto bring back the people that Brown started with1999 season, keep all team history.[244]In Cleveland’s earlier football historyCleveland BulldogswonNFL Championshipin1924, andCleveland RamsWin the NFL Championship in1945before moving inLos Angeles.

The Cavaliers wonEastern Conferencein2007,2015,2016,2017and2018but was defeatedNBA FinalssameSan Antonio Spursandthen throughor the Golden State Warriors. The Cavs won the conference again in 2016 and regained their first NBA championship after coming down 3-1 and eventually battingWarriors of the Golden Empire. An estimated 1.3 million people then attended a parade honoring the Cavs on June 22, 2016. This was the first time the city had held a parade in 50 years.[245]In front,Cleveland Rosenblum’sDominate the originalAmerican Basketball Associationwon three of the first five championships (1926, 1929, 1930) andCleveland pipes, heardGeorge Steinbrenner, wonAmerican Basketball AssociationChampion 1962.[246]

Jesse Owensgrew up in Cleveland after moving hereAlabamawhen he was nine years old. He took part1936 Summer Olympicsin Berlin, where he gained international fame with four victoriesgold medal. A statue commemorating his accomplishment is located in downtown Cleveland at Fort Huntington Park.[247]A statue of another famous Cleveland athlete, the Irish-American featherweightboxingchampionJohnny Kilbane, stands in the city’s Battery Park to the west.[248]

Cleveland State University alumni and localsStipe MiocicwonufcWorld Heavyweight ChampionshipUFC 198in 2016. Miocic defended her world heavyweight title atUFC203, the first UFC World Championship game was held in Cleveland,[249]and back atUFC211andUFC220. After his defeat in 2018, Miocic regained the world titleUFC241.

Generally speaking,NCAA Division I Cleveland State VikingsThere are 16 different sports that are nationally knownCleveland State Vikings Men’s BasketballTeam.NCAA Division III Case Western Reserve SpartansThere are 19 different sports that are the most popularFall Western Reserve Football SpartaTeam. headquarters ofCentral American Conference(MAC) is in Cleveland. The conference also took place bothmanandWomenBasketball tournaments at the Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse.

Several chess championships were held in Cleveland. second letterAmerican Chess Congress, the predecessor of the current United States Championship, was held in 1871 and won byGeorge Henry Mackenzie. The years 1921 and 1957US Open Chess Championshipalso took place in the city and was won byEdward LaskerandBobby Fischer, corresponding. ThatCleveland openheld every year.[250]

ThatCleveland Marathonhas been held annually since 1978.[251]

Surroundings[Editor]

Sustainable Cleveland

apartmentCuyahoga River

With the sweeping clean-up of the shores of Lake Erie and the Cuyahoga River, Cleveland has been recognized by the national media as an environmental success story and a national leader in environmental conservation.[81]Since the city’s industrialization, the Cuyahoga River has been so affected by industrial pollution that it has “burned down” a total of 13 times since 1868.[252]A fire on the river in June 1969 spurred the city to action under Mayor Carl B. Stokes and played a key role in the crossing.Clean Water Act1972 &National Environmental Policy Actone year later.[74][252]Since then, Cuyahoga has been extensively cleaned up thanks to city and city effortsOhio Environmental Protection Agency(ÖPA).[81]In 2019, the American Rivers Conservancy named the river “River of the Year” in honor of “50 years of environmental cleanup.”[70]

In addition to its ongoing efforts to improve fresh water and air quality, Cleveland is currently investigating renewable energy. The two main electricity companies in the city areFirstEnergyandCleveland Public Power. It isclimate protection plan, updated December 2018, has a target of 100% by 2050recycled energy, along with the reduction ofgreenhouse gas80 percent below 2010 levels.[253]In recent years, Cleveland has also worked to address the problemharmful algae bloomon Lake Erie, fueled primarily by agricultural runoff, presented the city and northern Ohio with new ecological challenges.[254]

government and politics[Editor]

Mayor of ClevelandCleveland City Council

Cleveland City Hall

Cleveland is working on oneMayor – Council (strong mayor)Form of government in which the mayor isexecutive Director. From 1924 to 1931, the city briefly experimented withgoverning boardUnderWilliam R HopkinsandDaniel E Morganbefore returning to the mayor-council system.[255]

The mayor’s office was organized byJustin Bibbsince 2022. Past mayors of Cleveland include radical Democrat Tom L. Johnson,First World War-EpochMinister of WarandBakerHostetlerfounderNewton D Baker,United States Supreme Court justice Harold Hitz Burton, Governor of Ohio for two terms andsenator Frank J Lausche, In frontUS Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Anthony J. Celebrezze, two-term Ohio Governor and Senators George V. Voinovich, former US Representative Dennis Kucinich, andCarl B Stokes, the first African American mayor of a major US city.[seventy-three]

The Cleveland City Council is headed by Council President Blaine Griffin. The city is made up of 17 counties, all represented by the Democratic Party. The current Majority Leader of the Council is Kerry McCormack.

Another nationally famous politician from Ohio, former President of the United StatesJames A Garfield, born in Cuyahoga DistrictMunicipality of Orange(now Cleveland suburb ofMoreland Hill).[256]His resting place isJames A. Garfield Memorialin Cleveland’sCemetery Lake View.[257]

From the Civil War through the 1940s, Cleveland was dominated byRepublican Party, with the notable exceptions of the Johnson and Baker administrations.[255]Entrepreneur and Senator Mark Hanna is one of the most influential Republican figures in Cleveland, both locally and nationally.[258]In addition to supporting the establishment of organized labor, Cuyahoga CountyDemocratic Party, led by the former mayorRay T Miller, was able to garner support from the city’s ethnic European and African American communities in the 1940s.[255]Beginning with the Lausche administration, Cleveland’s political orientation shifted toward the Democratic Party and exclusionAdditional Compensationand the Voinovich government, it has since been dominated by the Democratic Party.[255]

Today, while other parts of Ohio, notably Cincinnati and the southern portion of the state, are Republican, Cleveland often generates the strongest support in the state for the Democratic Party.[259]At the local level, elections are bipartisan. However, Democrats still dominate all levels of government. In2004 presidential election, albeitMr George W BushStock Ohio up 2.1%,john kerrygives Cuyahoga County 66.6%–32.9%, its widest margin of any Ohio county.[260]The city of Cleveland favored Kerry over Bush by an even larger margin of 83.3% to 15.8%.[261]As a result of the 2010 census, Ohio lost two congressional seats, affecting the northeast counties of Cleveland.[262]Today Cleveland is divided in twocongressional districts. Most of the western part of the city lies withindistrict 9, represented byMarcy Kaptur. Most of the eastern part of the city as well as much of the inner city are withindistrict 11, represented byBrown shoes. Both are Democrats, with two out of four representing Ohio.

Cleveland has hosted three Republicansnational conventionsin his story, in1924,1936, and2016.[263]The city is also hosting the eventRadical Republican Party Convention of 1864.[264]Cleveland did not hold a national convention for the Democratic Party, despite Cuyahoga County’s position as a Democratic stronghold in Ohio.

Cleveland has hosted several national election debates, includingthe second US presidential debate of 1980, that2004 US Vice Presidential Debate, a2008 Democratic primary debate, andFirst US Presidential Debate 2020.[265]founded in 1912,Cleveland City Clubprovides a platform for national and local debates and discussions. Known as the “Citadel of Free Speech,” Cleveland is one of the nation’s oldest continuous independent forums for speech and debate.[266][267]

public safety[Editor]

police and law enforcement[Editor]

Cleveland Police Department

Black and white

As in other major American cities, crime in Cleveland is concentrated in areas with higher rates of poverty and less access to jobs.[268][269]In recent years, the crime rate in the city has decreased significantly, following the trend of falling crime rates across the country.[268]Cleveland Police Department statistics released in 2019 show that the rate of violent and property crime in Cleveland decreased significantly in 2018. Specific property crime rates have fallen by 30% since 2016.[270]

Cleveland’s law enforcement agency is the Cleveland Police Department, established in 1866.[271][272]The department has 1,444 sworn officers as of 2016.[273]Cleveland has five police districts.[274]The school district system was introduced by the Cleveland Superintendent of Public Safety in the 1930sEliot Ness(LaterInviolable), who later?running for mayor of Clevelandin 1947.[271][275]The department has been credited for several “firsts,” including “the first criminal record secured by matching a suspect’s palm print taken from a crime scene.”[272]giftsheriffis Calvin D Williams.[276]

In December 2014,US Department of Justicereleased the results of a two-year investigation, initiated at the request of Mayor Frank Jackson, to determine whether the Cleveland police force used any form of excessive force.[277][278]The city has approved a consent decree to change its policy and introduce new independent oversight of the police force, according to a Justice Department report.[279]The Consent Decree, issued on May 26, 2015, ordered sweeping changes to the Cleveland Police Department.[280][281]On June 12, 2015 Chief District Judge of the United StatesSolomon Oliver Jr.approved and signed the Consent Decree, beginning the process of police reform.[282]

Fire department[Editor]

Cleveland Fire Department

Cleveland is served byfiremanthe Cleveland Fire Department, established in 1863.[283]The fire department operates from 22 active fire stations throughout the city with five battalions. Each battalion is commanded by a battalion commander who reports to an on-duty deputy battalion commander.[284][285]

Fire protection worksfirefighting equipmentFleet of twenty-two engine companies, eight leader companies, three tower companies, two task forcesrescue teamOperations, Haz-Mat Units, and many other Specialty, Support, and Reserve Units. giftManageris Angelo Calvillo.[286]

Medical emergency service[Editor]

Cleveland EMS

Cleveland EMS is operated by the city as the city’s third EMS services division. Cleveland EMS is the main supplier ofExtended life supportand ambulance services within the city of Cleveland, while the Cleveland Fire helps fight fires by providing medical supplies.[287]Although a merger between the fire and rescue services had been proposed in the past, the idea was later scrapped.[288]

media[Editor]

List of media in Cleveland

Cleveland city center

Print[Editor]

Cleveland’s main daily newspaper isSimple agentand the associated online publication,Cleveland.com.[289]Major defunct newspapers includeCleveland Press, an afternoon publication, last printed June 17, 1982;[290]andCleveland News, was discontinued in 1960.[291]Other publications are:Cleveland Magazine, a monthly regional cultural magazine;[292] Crain’s Cleveland shop, a weekly business newspaper;[293]andCleveland scene, freeweekly changepaper absorbs its competitors,Cleveland Leisure, in 2008.[294]Distributed nationwideStone diary alternative presswas founded in Cleveland in 1985, and the publication’s headquarters remain in the city.[295][296][297]Digitalbelt magazinewas founded in 2013 in Cleveland.[298] timeThe magazine was briefly published in Cleveland from 1925 to 1927.[299]

Cleveland ethnic publications include:Call and post, a weekly newspaper serving primarily the city’s African American community;[300]thatJewish News from Cleveland, one weekJewish newspapers;[301]Twice a weekRussian Cleveland Russian Magazinefor the Russian and post-Soviet community;[302]thatMandarin Erie, Chinese language magazinefor the city’s Chinese community;[303] La Gazzetta Italianain English andItalianfor the Italian community;[304]thatOhio Irish American Newsfor the Irish community;[305]andSpanish Vocero Latino Newsfor the Latino community.[306]In the history,Hungarian languagenewspapersSzabadságin the service of the Hungarian community.[307]

TV[Editor]

Cleveland is the 19th largest television market afterNielsen media research(from 2021[To update]-22).[308]The market is served by 11 full power plants including:WKYC(ABC), WEWS TV (ABC),WJW(Fox),WDLI TV(television dish),WOIO(CBS),WVPX TV(ions),WVIZ(PBS),WUAB(cw),WRLM(TCT), thatWBNX TV(independent) andWQHS-DT(university).[309]

Enter Mike Douglas, a countrysyndication time of dayTalk show, began in Cleveland in 1961 on KYW-TV (now WKYC), duringMorning meetingon WEWS-TV serves as a model forGood morning America.[310][311] Tim ConwayandErnie Andersonfirst formed in Cleveland while working together at KYW-TV and then WJW-TV (now WJW). Anderson is both creative and performing like a hugely popular Clevelandhorror server Ghoulardion WJW TVshock theatre, and then succeeded through many years of worklate at nightPairBig Chuck and Lil’ John.[312]Another Anderson Guardian -Ron is sweating— would later become the host of Cleveland’s popular late-night show called The Ghoul himself.

radio[Editor]

Cleveland is served directly by 29glowingandFM radio station, 21 of which are licensed to the city. Commercial FM radio stations are often the best rated stations out there – includingWAIT(contemporary hits),WDOK(contemporary adult),WENZ(orthodox city),WGAR-FM(nation),WHLK(adult hits),WMJI(classic hits),WMMS(active stone/hot talk),WNCX(classic rock music),WNWV(alternative rock),WQAL(Contemporary hot adult), andWZAK(contemporary urban adults).[313][314] WKSUserve asNPR shortcutfor all of Northeast Ohio (serving both the Cleveland and Akron markets),[315]andsister station WCLVtransmit a classical music format.[316] college radio stationstation includedWBWC(Baldwin Wallace),WCSB(State of Cleveland),WJCU(John Carroll) andWRUW-FM(Western Reserve case).[313]

news/to speaktrain stationWTAMserve as AMflagshipfor both the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Cleveland Guardians.[317][318]Sport-oriented stations are WKNR (ESPN),WAR(Fox) andWKRK-FM(CBS). WKNR and WKRK-FM were also the Cleveland Browns’ first co-channels.[319][320][321]WKNR, known as WJW (AM), was once the home of Alan Freed, the Cleveland disc jockey who is credited with first using and popularizing the term “rock and roll” to describe the music genre. .[68][189]News/talk radioWHKwas the first radio station to be broadcast in Ohio and one of the first in the United States.[322][323]Its former sister station, rock music station WMMS, dominated Cleveland Radio in the 1970s and 1980s and was one of the top-rated radio stations in the country at the time. In 1972, WMMS program director Billy Bass coined the phrase “Rock and Roll Capital of the World” to describe Cleveland. 1987,playboycalled WMMS DJbaby lion(Lawrence Travagliante) “The best disc player in the country”.[324][325][326]

Cleveland also has many stations geared toward religion, including Catholic/Traditional Christian formatsWCCD,WHKW,WCCR, andWCRF, WithWJMO(Urban Gospel), andWFHM(Contemporary Christianity)

health care[Editor]

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland is home to many of the best hospital systems, some of which are located within the University Circle. Most notable is the world-renowned Cleveland Clinic, which she now operatesCroatians-President and CEO Tomislav Mihaljevic.[327]Affiliated clinicsCase Western Reserve Medical College. Other major hospitals in Cleveland areCleveland University Hospital Medical Centerin order toBaby Rainbow. Cliff Megarian is the CEO of this system.[328]To the west of the city is the main campus ofMetroHealth system, led by President and CEO Akram Boutros. Formerly known as City Hospital, MetroHealth operates one of two Level I trauma centers in the city and has multiple locations throughout the Cleveland metropolitan area.[329]founded in 1865,Charity Center St. Vincent, led by CEO and President Janet Murphy, is the city’s oldest hospital.[330]

In 2013 ClevelandsGlobal Center for Health InnovationOpen to 235,000 square feet (21,800 m2) of gallery space for healthcare companies worldwide.[331]To take advantage of proximity to universities and other medical centers in Cleveland,Veterans AdministrationRelocate the area’s VA hospital out of the suburbsBrecksvilleto a new campus in University Circle.[332]

InCOVID-19 Pandemic 2020 in USA, Governor of OhioMike DeWineReport the earliest cases ofvirus in the statein the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area, particularly in Cuyahoga County.[333]In response, the Cleveland Clinic has formed an historic partnership with university hospitals to offer free testingCOVID-19to prevent the spread of the virus in the metropolitan area and across the state.[334][335]

Car[Editor]

Transportation in Cleveland

ability to walk[Editor]

in 2021,hiking spotranked Cleveland as the seventeenth most walkable city among the fifty largest cities in the United States, with a Walking Score of 57, a Vehicle Score of 45, and a Bicycle Score of 55 (out of a maximum total of 100). The most walkable areas of Cleveland are Downtown, Ohio City, Detroit – Shoreway, and University CircleHorse Chestnut Square – Shakerneighboring areas.[336]

urban transport system[Editor]

Greater Cleveland Transportation AuthorityStreetcars in Cleveland

RTAShaker Square station

Hope Memorial Bridge

Cleveland has buses andrail public transportSystem operated by the Greater Cleveland Area Transportation Authority (RTA). The railway section is officially calledRTA: Rapid Transit, but the locals call itQuicks. It includes threelight railline, calledBlue,Greenand Waterfront Lines and aheavy railcurrently,Red line. In 2008, RTA HealthLine, a.sexpress busLine to which University Hospital and the Cleveland Clinic acquired the naming rights. It runs along Euclid Avenue from downtown through University Circle and ends atLouis Stokes Station in Windermerein East Cleveland.[337]The RTA later opened a “BRT Light” line on the west side along Clifton Blvd and Shoreway. In 1968, Cleveland became the first city in the country to have a direct feeder rail link between downtown and a major airport.[63]2007,American Public Transportation AssociationCleveland’s public transit system has been called the best in North America.[338]Cleveland is the only metropolitan area in the western hemisphere with a commuter rail system with only one commuter train station downtown (Tower City-Public Square).

private car[Editor]

The city of Cleveland has a higher than average proportion of households without a car. In 2016, 23.7% of Cleveland households did not have a car, compared to the national average of 8.7%. Cleveland averaged 1.19 cars per household in 2016, compared to the national average of 1.8.[339]As in other major cities, Cleveland’s urban density reduces the need for private vehicle ownership, although connectivity to those of public transit systems, including the RTA, is falling out of reach as jobs move to the metropolitan areas of the United States.

street[Editor]

Cleveland’s street system consists of numbered streets running roughly north-south and named avenues running roughly east-west. Numbered streets are referred to as “East” or “West” depending on their position relative to Ontario Street, which bisects Public Square.[340]The numbered street system extends beyond the city limits to several suburbs on both the west and east sides. Named avenues that are both east of the Cuyahoga River and west of Ontario Street are given the designation “West” on street signs. Two downtown boulevards that extend through Cuyahoga change names on the west side of the river. Superior Avenue became Detroit Avenue to the west, and Carnegie Avenue became Lorain Avenue. The bridges that form these connections are often namedDetroit – Superior BridgeandLorain Bridge – Carnegie.

Freeway[Editor]

Three double digitsFreewayServes Cleveland directly.Highway 71begins just southwest of downtown and is the main route from downtown Cleveland to the airport. I-71 runs through the southwest suburbs and eventually connects to ClevelandColumbusand Cincinnati.Highway 77begins in downtown Cleveland and runs most of the south through southern suburbs. I-77 has the least traffic of the three states, although it connects Cleveland toAkron.highway 90connects the two shores of Cleveland and is the northern terminus of both I-71 and I-77. I-90 runs east-west through the suburbs of the West Side and turns northeast at the intersection with I-490 and is known as the Downtown Loop. At the intersection with Shoreway, I-90 makes a 90 degree turn called a 90 degree turnDead Man’s Curve, then further northeast, intoLake Countynear the east parted withOhio State Route 2. Cleveland is also served by two three-digit states,Highway 480, enter Cleveland briefly in several places andHighway 490, which connects I-77 to the intersection of I-90 and I-71 south of downtown.[341]

Two other restricted freeways serve Cleveland. ThatCleveland Memorial Shorewaycarries Highway 2 along its length and at various points as wellUnited States 6,United States 20and I-90. Jennings Hwy (Highway 176) connects I-71 south of I-90 to I-480 near the suburbs of Parma and Brooklyn Heights. The third highway, the Berea Expressway (Highway 237partially) connecting I-71 to the airport and forming part of the Cleveland-Brook Park border.[342]

Airport[Editor]

Cleveland Hopkins International Airportis the city’s main airport and is ainternational Airportpreviously starredcenterbecause thatUnited AirlinesandContinental Airlines. It had the first high-speed airport-to-city transit service in North America, established in 1968.control tower. Originally known as Cleveland Municipal Airport, it was the country’s first self-governing airport. Cleveland Hopkins is a major regional air transportation hubFedex Express,airline UPS,United States Postal Service, and large commercial carriers.
In addition to Hopkins, Cleveland is served byBurke Lakefront Airport, on the north shore of downtown between Lake Erie and Shoreway. Burke is primarily an airport for commuters and business travelers.[343]

seaport[Editor]

Port Cleveland

ThatPort Cleveland, at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River, is a major Lake Erie bulk shipping and container terminal that receives most of the raw materials for the region’s manufacturing industries.[344]The Port of Cleveland is the only container port on the Great Lakes with bi-weekly container service between Cleveland andharbor AntwerpinBelgiumon oneDutchthe service is called “Cleveland-Europe Express”.[345]In addition to cargo traffic, the Port of Cleveland also receives local and international tourists passing through the cityCruising the Great Lakes. Currently docked at Dock 28, just west of First Energy Stadium. Tours currently run from mid-May to mid-October.

rail[Editor]

History of the Cleveland Railroad

Cleveland has a long history as a major railroad hub in the United States. Today,Amtrak, the national passenger rail system serving ClevelandCapitol LimitedandLake Shore Limitedroutes that lastCleveland Lakefront Station. In addition, Cleveland has several intermodal rail freight terminals serving Norfolk Southern, CSX and a number of smaller companies.[346][347]There were several suggestions forSubway in Cleveland, including a study of the Sandusky-Cleveland line.[348][349]Cleveland is also identified as a hub for theOhio centerproject, bringshigh speed trainto Ohio.[350]

Bus lines between the cities[Editor]

nationintercity busServices are provided at agreyhoundjust behind the Playhouse Square theater district.megabusprovides service to Cleveland and stops at the Stephanie Tubbs Jones Transit Center just east of downtown.[351] Subway Akron,Brunswick Transit Alternative,lactrane,Lorain County Transit, andMedina, County Transitprovides connecting buses for the Greater Cleveland Area Transit Authority.Geauga County TransitandPort Area Traffic Authority (PARTA)also offer connecting buses in their vicinity.[352]

Recommend Hyperloop[Editor]

On February 15, 2018,Hyperloop transport technologyannounced that it has reached an agreement with the Northern Ohio Areawide Coordination Agency andIllinois Department of TransportationConducting a feasibility study for a proposed Great LakeshyperloopThe system connects Cleveland to Chicago in half an hour.[353][354][355]In June 2019, Congress approved $5 millionUnited States Department of Transportationto explore the safety standards for this project.[356]

Town twinning and international relations[Editor]

Cyrus S. EatonLeipzigEast Germany

As of 2022, Cleveland has cultural, economic, and educational ties with 23sister cityaround the world.[357]She ended her first town twinning withLima,Peruin 1964.[357]The Cleveland Council on World Affairs was founded in 1923.[358]In October 1915 near ClevelandBohemian National Hall, Czech and Slovak American representatives signed the Cleveland Agreement, the predecessor ofThe Pittsburgh Agreement, requires the formation of aCzech and Slovak community.[359]InCold War, Industrial House of ClevelandCyrus S. Eaton, an apprentice of John D. Rockefeller, played an important role in promoting dialogue between the United States andSoviet Union.[360]

Cleveland is the hometown ofGeneral attentionlaterRepublic of Slovenia, until Slovenian independence in 1991, served as the official consulate forTito’SYugoslavia.[361][362]Next,Jewish community in the greater Cleveland areamaintain an informal supportive relationship with BangIsraeli.[363]Cleveland Clinic operatedCleveland Clinic Abu Dhabihospital and asports medicineclinic onToronto, and a Cleveland Clinic hospital campus inLondonis scheduled to premiere in 2022.[364][365]

sister city[357].mw-parser-output .div-col { margin-top: 0.3em; Column width: 30em} .mw-parser-output .div-col-small {font size: 90%}. mw-parser-output .div-col-rules { column rule: 1px solid

  • Alexandria
  • (Egypt)
  • 1977
  • Bahir Dar
  • (Ethiopia)
  • 2004
  • Bangalore
  • (India)
  • 1975
  • Beit She’an
  • (Israeli)
  • 2019
  • Brasov
  • (Romania)
  • 1973
  • Pressburg
  • (Slovakia)
  • 1990
  • Cleveland
  • (UNITED KINGDOM)
  • 1977
  • Conakry
  • (Guinea)
  • 1991
  • fier
  • (Albanian)
  • 2006
  • Gdansk
  • (Poland)
  • 1990
  • Heidenheim an der Brenz
  • (Germany)
  • 1977
  • holon
  • (Israeli)
  • 1977
  • Ibadan
  • (Nigeria)
  • 1974
  • Klaipeda
  • (Lithuania)
  • 1992
  • Lima
  • (Peru)
  • 1964
  • Ljubljana
  • (Slovenia)
  • 1975
  • mayo
  • (Ireland)
  • 2003
  • Miskolc
  • (Hungary)
  • 1995
  • Rouen
  • (France)
  • 2008
  • Segundo Montes
  • (El Salvador)
  • 1991
  • Taipei
  • (Taiwan)
  • 1975
  • Vicenza
  • (Italy)
  • 2009
  • Volgograd
  • (Russia)
  • 1990

See more[Editor]

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  • List of people from Cleveland
  • List of Cleveland references in popular culture

note[Editor]

  1. ^
  2. Monthly average high and low values ​​(i.e. expected high and low temperature measurements each season or month) calculated based on data at this location from 1991 to 2020.
  3. ^
  4. Official records of Cleveland were kept downtown from January 1871 to May 1941 and at Hopkins Airport beginning June 1941. See ThreadEx for more information.
  5. ^ a b
  6. From 15% of samples

moderator[Editor]

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Continue reading[Editor]

Directory about Cleveland

  • Condon, George E. (1979). Cleveland: The Western Reserve’s prodigy. Tulsa: Continental Heritage Publishers. ISBN 978-093298606-1.
  • Condon, George E. (2010) [First edition, 1967]. “Cleveland: The Best Kept Secret”. Cleveland memory. Episode 13. Cleveland: MSL Academic Aspirations / Cleveland Memory Project. ISBN 978-1-936323-08-1.
  • Chapman, Edmund H. (1981). Cleveland: From Village to Metropolis. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Association. ISBN 978-091170429-7.
  • Johannesen, Eric (1979). Cleveland Architecture, 1876-1976. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Association. ISBN 978-091170421-1.
  • Rose, William Ganson (1990). Cleveland: The Formation of a City (2nd ed.). Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. ISBN 978-0873384285.
  • Miller, Carol Poh; Wheeler, Robert A (1997). Cleveland: A Short History, 1796–1996 (2nd ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-025321147-7.
  • Grabowski, John J.; Grabowski, Diane Ewart (2000). Cleveland: A History of the Movement. Carlsbad, CA: Heritage Media. ISBN 1-886483-38-8.

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Are you looking for a Cleveland Ohio travel guide? Cleveland is one of the major cities along the Great Lakes midwest region of the United States. Located just south of Lake Erie. Known for its Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, great food, passionate sports fans and old world industrial might Cleveland is undergoing a resurgence of life all across the region.

#Cleveland #Ohio #TravelGuide

Island Hopper TV takes you around the world to the premiere travel destinations. Our virtual travel guides from across America to Asia, Europe and Australia have assisted many world travelers in educating themselves on their next destination to travel or even vacation.

keywords: #Ohio, #CuyahogaRiver, #LakeErie, #TerminalTower, #Rock&RollHallofFame, #KeyTower, #GoodtimeIII, #ClevelandHarborWestPierheadLighthouse, #FountainofEternalLife, #FirstEnergyStadium, #ProgressiveField, #boatcruise, #PublicSquare, #ScriptSign, #CenterStreetBridge, #WillardPark, #ObservationDeck, #TheFlats, #skyline, #HoosierTim'sTravelVideos

Recorded June 5, 2021

On day two of my Michigan road trip I spent the day in Cleveland, Ohio.

00:00 My drive into the city

02:20 The Cleveland Public Square

04:55 The Fountain of Eternal Life

06:25 The Mall

06:50 First Energy Stadium

07:35 Great Lakes Science Center

08:14 Cleveland City Hall

08:48 Willard Park / Giant Rubber Stamp

09:47 Rock \u0026 Roll Hall of Fame

15:08 Lake Erie

16:22 Script Sign – North Coast Harbor

17:06 Goodtime III Boat Cruise

18:48 Cleveland Harbor West Pierhead Lighthouse

19:32 Cuyahoga River

20:51 The Flats

23:44 Center Street Bridge

30:14 The Foundry

34:55 Lake Erie

35:35 Cleveland Skyline

38:57 Terminal Tower Observation Deck

Please check out my other videos from this Michigan road trip @

-https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLS6aoV2jqXu792OxUywo-KLcooKWceioB.

From:

-http://timvp.com

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I had the privilege of visiting this truly remarkable city. If you need to know what to do on your trip…watch this video!

Please subscribe to my YouTube channel and my site at

-http://www.erikthetravlguy.com.

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Don’t call it the mistake on the lake, Cleveland actually has so much to offer travelers, from the art museums, the neighborhood pubs, the Rock \u0026 Roll Hall of Fame, to even the Christmas Story House! So whether you are coming to visit the Cleveland Clinic or heading farther down the way to Cedar Point by Sandusky, here are some do’s and don’ts of visiting Cleveland, Ohio.

Filmed in Cleveland, Ohio

Copyright Mark Wolters 2021

#visitcleveland #visitohio #cleveland

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